Monday, September 21, 2020



THE QUOTE OF THE DAY:  To make life a little better for people less fortunate than you, that's what I think a meaningful life is. One lives not just for oneself but for one's community. Ruth Bader Ginsburg.    

Greetings to you, blog reader, on this Monday, September 21, 2020. It is time for our periodic visit to the big crises we have been following for months now.

PANDEMIC. The major news of the day is that the United States passed the 200,000 mark in reported deaths of COVID-19. America continues to be the world's epicenter of the pandemic with by far the most cases and deaths. There is a lot of talk about a vaccine but the science indicates it is still many months away.

The rates of new cases and deaths in the world and in the United States remained the same this week as last. According to our consistent source, Worldometers, there were 31,263,360 cases in the world. Last week (Sept. 14-21), 2,051,483 cases were added, a rising rate of 7%, the same as the earlier week. There were 36,509 deaths in the world for a total of 965,509, a rising rate of 4%, also the same as the previous week.

In the U.S., 296,310 new cases were reported last week, for a total of 7,004,768, a rising rate of 4%, the same as the earlier week. As for deaths, 5,598 were reported last week for a total of 204,118. This is a rate of 3%, the same as the previous week. Thus, in both the world and the U.S., COVID-19 disease continues to spread and kill patients at the same rate as recent time.

However, South Carolina and Alabama are reporting improving figures. In SC, 5,844 new cases were reported last week for a total of 137,708. This is a rising rate of 4%, down from the 6% of the earlier week. There were 55 new deaths reported in SC for a total of 3,199. This is a 2% increase, down significantly from the 6% of the preceding week. In AL, 6,207 new cases were reported last week for a total of 144,962. This is a 4% increase, down from the 5% of the earlier week. AL reported 86 new deaths last week, a rising rate of 4%, up slightly from the 3% of the previous week. In AL, 2,437 people have died of COVID-19.

Charleston County continues to show real signs of slowing the spread. It reported 365 new cases for a total of 15,489. This is a rising rate of 2% for the week, down from the 5% of the earlier week. There were 3 new deaths reported last week, for a total of 256. This is a rising rate of 1%, down from the 3% of the preceding week. While rates have slowed noticeably, Charleston County still leads the state in cases.

The bottom line of the pandemic is that it continues to spread and to kill people in the world and the U.S. without slowing down. There are improvements in SC and AL but it remains to be seen if these will be long lasting. As rates stand now, we can expect 300,000 Americans to be dead of the plague by the end of this year. Actually, the number will probably be higher as people spend more time indoors in cooler weather. As there is still no national policy to deal with the disease and a vaccine is still a long way off, the future of the pandemic looks grim in our country.

LITIGATION. To my knowledge, nothing has changed recently in the courts between the competing dioceses. We are still waiting on some movement on three issues. 

1-On Sept. 10, the Church side filed a petition with Judge Gergel for enforcement of his Sept. 19, 2019 order placing an injunction on the breakaway side from claiming to be the historic diocese. My guess is that the Anglican diocese will file a counter-argument with Judge Gergel some time soon. At any rate, at some point, Judge Gergel will respond to the Church's petition. 

2-Request to SC Court of Appeals to expedite the Church's appeal of Judge Dickson's order to the SC Supreme Court. 

3-Response of the U.S. Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit, to the appeal from the Anglican diocese of Judge Gergel's order.

POLITICAL CRISIS. There has been a sudden and dramatic turn of events with the death of liberal icon "the notorious" RBG. We now face two huge crises on the national scene, the election and the new justice for the Supreme Court. Each one of these would be enough, but together they will strain every seam of our civic fabric. The nation will survive, more or less, but God only knows in what condition. 

The more events move along, the more I am confident in my theory of contemporary America. We are witnessing a titanic clash between two enemy forces, that of the Great Democratic Revolution and that of the Counter-revolution. This state of affairs, also called the culture war, is about to reach a huge turning point. The next four months will be monumentally crucial to the future of the United States. 

The side of the ongoing Revolution has lined up with the Democratic Party. The Counter-revolution has taken over the Republican Party which has also become the personal realm of Donald Trump. The situation with the Supreme Court seat has brought to a head the culture war between the two sides. The unexpected death of Ginsburg has greatly energized the "base" of both sides. 

The Revolution is the majority party while the Counter-revolution is the minority party. The Republicans know they are shrinking as a political force. Soon, the United States will be a majority minority country. The Republicans have won the popular vote for president only once in the last thirty-two years, in 2004. They gained the White House twice otherwise, in 2000 by the Supreme Court and 2016 by the Electoral College. This year, they are likely to lose the presidency, the House of Representatives, and the Senate, at least according to the bookies in Las Vegas. Therefore, for the last few years, the Republicans have put a highly concerted effort into controlling the third branch of the federal government, the courts. They have packed the courts with young, right-wing judges who serve for life. They are about to pick such a person for the Supreme Court giving the court a powerful 6-3 conservative majority wildly divergent from the attitudes of the majority of the people of the nation. 

Thus, the courts will become the power base of the Counter-Revolution for a long time to come. The Republicans have completely politicized the judicial process, the supposedly non-partisan branch of the federal government. After they have lost the executive and legislative branches, they will have the judicial branch for decades. They cannot undo the basic reforms of the Great Democratic Revolution but they can use the courts to eat away at the edges and in some cases severely diminish what has been accomplished. For instance, abortion is a huge issue on the Counter side. They can abolish it in effect if not technically. We will also see dramatic roll-backs in rights for blacks, women, homosexuals, the poor, and the old, all of which were the great beneficiaries of the Great Democratic Revolution. We will also see a big boost in the enrichment of the wealthiest people as well as repeal of environmental protections.

If Trump gets reelected, we can expect a tsunami of roll-backs of democratic reforms, much greater than what we saw in Trump's first term. If the Republicans keep the Senate, we will also see a virtual dictatorship from the White House. The Republican Party has become Trump's lap dog and no one exemplifies this more than SC Senator Lindsey Graham. Four years ago, he vowed loudly that he would never change his opposition to confirming a Supreme Court justice in an election year. Now, he is shamelessly and loudly declaring just that. Hypocrisy flashes in neon lights. If he had any credibility before, he certainly has none now. No thinking person would believe anything he says forevermore. The point is, Trump has cowed the entire Republican party. They are going to rise or fall with him: and I think we can safely predict how this faustian bargain is going to turn out.

At any rate, we are heading into the greatest national crisis since at least 1968, and I would argue since the Civil War. I feel more and more that America will be different on the other side of this crisis. Trump and the Republicans have already broken down many of the agreed upon norms and rules of our common civic life. In order to have a functioning democracy, we have to have majority rule. This is something the Republicans have refused to accept. We also have to have agreed-upon rules, something else Republicans have repudiated. With guardrails gone, Democrats are now talking about nuclear options if they gain Congress and the presidency such as statehood for Puerto Rico and Washington D.C. This would automatically add four Democratic Senators. They can also abolish the 60 vote rule in the Senate to stop filibusters. Moreover, they can raise the number of justices in the Supreme Court to any figure they choose. The Dems could pack the Court with a majority of young liberal justices. So, what the Republicans have started is a very dangerous game. They may rue the day they ever started it. No one knows where this is going. I for one agree that if the Republicans discard norms and rules in order to try to repeal the Great Democratic Revolution, the Dems will have no choice but to respond in kind. The nation should not let the minority rule the day. This would be the end of the democratic republic.      

A PERSONAL REQUEST for prayers for the rector of my parish, St. Luke's, of Jacksonville AL. The beloved Rev. Robert Fowler tested positive for COVID-19 a few days ago.

He is at home treating the usual early symptoms. So far, so good. St. Luke's has not had an in-person service in six months. The plan was to resume services in the building on October 4. All plans are on hold now as we wait and pray for a speedy recovery. Please add the Rev. Robert Fowler to your prayer list.

The more the distressing crises move in on us, the more time I seem to spend in my garden (besides, the weather has turned cooler and drier). It needs me and I need it. The garden is now moving into its fall phase. This is a time of bitter-sweet beauty as we enjoy the last full flush of flowering while knowing cold and dormancy are just around the corner.

Japanese Silver Grass "Cabaret" (Miscanthus sinesis condensatus 'Cabaret'). I am fond of ornamental grasses and have many clumps in my garden. They all reach their fullest flowering in late summer/early fall. Pampas grass is by far the most popular ornamental grass in the south but there are many other good ones. Owing to their sizes, grasses are not recommended for most home yards and gardens. This clump is eight feet across.

Some roses are still in bloom. This is "Coral Drift," one of the best of the shrub roses. Its small size at a couple of feet makes it a good addition to a sunny spot in the yard/garden. It puts out a profusion of coral flowers from frost to frost.

Chinese Abelia (Abelia chinensis) is an excellent shrub for the southern garden. In summer and fall it is covered in countless tiny white flowers that are aromatic (similar to tea olive). I have this on the far side of the garden from the gardenias. This shrub needs a lot of room. This one is about ten feet across. As you see, it is a favorite of butterflies. I am blessed with lots of butterflies and hummingbirds and am saddened when they depart in October.

Finally, my usual sign-off. We are in a dark hour of crisis on crisis. We must not deny this. Our lives are disrupted. Death stalks our families, friends, and communities. No one asked for this. That choice was not ours to make. Let us meet the perils of this night head on with strength and courage and live this hour to the best of our ability. No one knows what is going to happen, but my study of history, my patriotism to America, and my faith in Christianity tell me we have the wind at our backs. Let us move forward together. Peace. 

Saturday, September 19, 2020


A five foot, hundred pound giant has left us. Ruth Bader Ginsburg was one of the towering figures of the Great Democratic Revolution of contemporary America. She has joined the pantheon of the great Americans who built the greatest democratic republic in history.

Ginsburg was a brilliant, energetic, and eloquent advocate of human rights under law, but she made her mark primarily for equal rights for women. No one contributed more to this in America history than did she. I remember her mostly for her role in the Lilly Ledbetter case. Ledbetter lives in my town, Jacksonville AL. Years ago she was hired as the first female supervisor at the big Goodyear tire plant in nearby Gadsden. After nearly twenty years on the job, she accidentally learned that all of the men supervisors were making more than she, some a great deal more, some with less time on the job. Ledbetter sued Goodyear for discrimination. The case went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, in 2007. Ginsburg took the lead in the hearing. She understood exactly what was at stake. The court voted 5-4 against Ledbetter on the grounds that the law required a complaint after the first instance of discrimination. Ginsburg astutely pointed out that most people do not and cannot know they are being discriminated against at that point. She wrote a scathing dissent, now a classic of Ginsburg jurisprudence. She virtually demanded that Congress pass a law that a person could bring charges of discrimination after any instance. Congress listened. The very first act signed by President Obama was the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act. Ledbetter was at the president's side as he proudly signed the act but we can imagine Ginsburg beaming in her office not far away. This was a significant victory in the Great Democratic Revolution and it was one made by two remarkable women, Ledbetter and Ginsburg. We are all in their debt.

We now have two huge battles looming between the side of the Great Democratic Revolution and the Counter-Revolution (or, Reactionaries). One is the election. The other is the replacement of Ginsburg on the Supreme Court. The Republicans have a majority in the Senate. McConnell announced, just minutes after Ginsburg's death, that the Senate would vote on the candidate nominated by President Trump. In 2016, he had refused to allow President Obama to fill Scalia's seat claiming it could not be done in an election year. Even so, the Republicans are probably going to railroad through a young, right-wing justice for the Supreme Court. The Democrats are preparing for a major fight, one that will make the highly contentious Kavanaugh hearings look like a warm-up.

All of this should be seen in the big picture of contemporary America. The forces of the Great Democratic Revolution have dominated national life for sixty years. There have been tremendous strides in freedom, justice, equality, and inclusion of elements long neglected and excluded, particularly blacks, women, the old, the poor, and homosexuals. However, the social elements who felt most threatened by these reforms have mounted a furious counter-revolution. Its aim is to deconstruct the democratic reforms, even if it means deconstructing the institutions that made them, and to secure power structures under white male authority. President Trump has solidified this reaction among white working class men, white southerners, white evangelical Christians, and big business. So, now we are quickly moving to two gigantic battles in this culture war, the election and Ginsburg's replacement. I fear this is going to get ugly and violent because both sides understand what is at stake. The winner will determine the direction of the future of the country. The question is whether we go on with the Great Democratic Revolution or veer to an anti-democratic reaction. In other words, do we go on as a majority-ruled country, or revert to a minority-ruled one. Where is power to rest?

Hang on. The next four months are going to be intense, and I suspect violent. They are certain to be the most consequential months in the contemporary age of our national life. The future of our democratic republic is at stake.

Thursday, September 17, 2020



With a month and a half to go to the general election of 3 November, the red state of South Carolina is showing some curious life on the blue side. Quinnipiac released a new poll yesterday sowing the senate race in SC to be a dead heat among likely voters, 48% to 48%. Yes, believe it or not the Democratic colt Jaime Harrison is running neck and neck with the Republican war horse Lindsey Graham. I had to check the figures twice to believe it. Harrison is an African American; Graham is white. (Remember South Carolinians have elected a black man to the U.S. Senate, the sitting Senator Tim Scott.)

To be sure, President Trump is polling ahead of Biden in SC, 51% to 45%, closer than one might have expected but still a majority for reelection. At least the Dems have a fighting chance.

The poll had numerous detailed questions that were revealing. In one, regarding the candidates as "Favorable," Harrison won 47% to Graham's 44%. That means more than half of the voters of South Carolina did not see Graham favorably. In another, regarding the candidates as "Unfavorable," there was an even bigger gap. Harrison was 34% unfavorable while Graham was at 49% unfavorable. That means approximately half the voters of SC view Graham in a negative light.

I have no empirical evidence of why Graham is now seen so poorly by the people of South Carolina. He started out as a critic of Donald Trump. Before the Election of 2016, he called Trump a "kook." He said he would destroy the Republican Party. Remember, first impressions are usually right. Then, after Trump won a big victory in SC, Graham reversed himself and became one of Trump's loudest and most loyal knee-jerk supporters on Capitol Hill. Since Trump has majority popularity in SC, one would think Graham would share in that. Apparently not. This leaves one wondering why Graham is having such a hard time winning reelection. 

It is not just South Carolina that is leaving me puzzled. How about Alabama, one of the deepest red states in the nation? There, recent polls have shown the Democratic incumbent Senator Doug Jones polling even with the Trump loyalist Tommy Tuberville (Auburn football coach who has never held an office), 46% to 46%. At first everyone assumed the Republican candidate would easily ride the president's coat tail into office, but now maybe not. There is no doubt Trump will win a landslide in Alabama. At this point, whether Tuberville will win is uncertain. 

The Senate races in South Carolina and Alabama are fascinating, yet leaving me scratching my head. I had assumed the Republican candidates would win running away. Could it be that these states, which will vote for Trump, will also vote for Democratic senators? As they say, we shall see.

Wednesday, September 16, 2020


As an old college professor, one of the things that has distressed me the most about Donald Trump and the Trumpistas is their attack on facts, truth, and reason. They have created an alternative realm of existence that is based on untruths, exaggerations, "alternative facts," and wild and baseless conspiracy theories. President Trump lives in this imaginary world of a reality of his own making. Apparently, he says whatever comes to his mind without regard to truth, even if he could define objective truth. Whether something is empirically verifiable is irrelevant in this self-created world. The Washington Post has documented more than 20,000 of Trump's public lies since he was sworn in as president. His attacks on science are well-known and well-documented: e.g., his egregious withdrawal from the Paris climate accords. What makes this anti-reason all the more serious is that Trump apparently has no moral or ethical principles so that cause and effect have no bases in objective reality or guiding principles. Statements and their aftereffects are merely expediences of the moment, and they may change in the next moment. This is evidenced in the chaotic and tumultuous nature of Trump's administration. There is no stability.

In ordinary times, this alternative universe may not have been a big deal. We could have just shrugged it off as a president's harmless idiosyncrasy. However, these are not ordinary times. Trump's parallel universe of unreality has had, and is still having, a deadly effect on us the American citizens. We the people are paying a big price for his denial of the reality of the COVID-19 pandemic and his subsequent failure to define a national policy and enact a coherent, concerted effort to mitigate the most serious public health crisis in a century. Nearly 200,000 of our fellow citizens are dead. This is one (huge) cost of denying science.  

For the first time in its 175-year history, the highly respected, non-political magazine, Scientific American, has come out to oppose Trump's reelection. It has just published an editorial endorsing Joe Biden for president. It is an eloquent statement, well worth the read. 

Trump's attack on science in general is appalling, but to me two aspects are the worst: the denial of climate change and his (continuous) public denial of COVID-19. He is now even holding packed rallies where he himself is protected but no one else is. These are super-spreader events where thousands of his devotees gather. They live in this parallel universe where there is no science. Taking their lead from the president, many of them call the disease a "hoax" cooked up by the "fake media." They simply refuse to believe science. Someone defined a religion as a system where the leader dies for his followers and a cult as a system where the followers die for the leader. If so, Trump has a cult. He will not die for them, but some of them are likely to die for him. This is a result of the denial of objective truth. This is dangerous now and for the future; and those of us who value facts, truth, and reason ought to say so before matters get even worse. 

I recommend the Scientific American editorial. Find it here.  I for one thank the editors for this. No one could have said what needs to be said better.

Monday, September 14, 2020


Greetings, blog reader, on this Monday, September 14, 2020. Here's a wish that you and yours are safe and secure as our long night of darkness continues. Our problems seem to be multiplying. Numerous out of control wildfires are ravaging California, Oregon, and Washington. Tropical Storm, soon-to-be hurricane, Sally is churning her way toward the central Gulf coast. The pandemic is running rampant still as people are falling sick and dying all around us. The failing economy is throwing millions of workers out of their jobs. Our streets are filled with people demanding racial justice. The political campaign is turning uglier by the minute. Parents are wracking their brains trying to decide whether to send their children back to school. Alas, even my team, Florida State, lost to Georgia Tech last Saturday (Bobby, we miss you, buddy). Enough already. All we need now is to break out in boils to wonder whether we really are Job. I for one am asking, whatever next?

As for TS Sally, my brother and sister live in Bay Saint Louis, Mississippi (as this a.m., to be the point of landfall). They are expecting up to ten feet [!] of storm surge and up to twenty inches [!] of rain. My brother's house, which is on the water, is on stilts ten feet above the ground. As you can imagine, everyone there is on pins and needles now.

PANDEMIC. COVID-19 continues to spread at about the same rate as last week with one significant change of a slight uptick of cases in Charleston County.

According to our usual source, Worldometers, in the world, there were 1,899,104 cases reported, a rate of 7%, the same as the earlier week (Sept. 1-7). The total number of cases in the world is 29,211,877. As for new deaths in the world, 35,424 were reported, a rising rate of 4%. This is down slightly from the 5% of the week before. There are now 928,887 reported deaths in the world of the disease.

The spread in the United States is also showing slight improvement in the week of Sept. 7-14. There, 248,037 new cases were reported, a rate of 4%. This is down from the 5% of the earlier week. As for new deaths, 5,627 were reported in the week, a rate of 3%. This is the same rate as the earlier week. There are now 198,520 reported deaths of the pandemic in the U.S. At the present mortality rate, there will be around 300,000 Americans dead of the disease by the end of the year 2020. The United States has by far the most cases and deaths of this disease in the world. The U.S. has 4% of the world's population and 23% of the cases as well as 21% of the deaths. There is still no national policy to combat this disease. In fact, President Trump has said he is "down playing" the pandemic. We now know as a fact, from his own words on tape, that he and his administration deliberately refused to defend the nation against what they knew would be a contagious and deadly disease. This is a national scandal and humiliation.

In South Carolina, the spread continues at about the same pace. Last week, the state reported 6,912 new cases for a total of 131,864. This is a rising rate of 6%, the same as the previous week. Deaths were reported at 177 last week, for a total of 3,064. This is a rate of 6%, down slightly from the 7% of the earlier week. Charleston County, however, is showing a slight uptick in new cases, 684 last week. This is a 5% spread, up from the 3% of the earlier week. The county is now listing 15,124 cases of COVID-19. It also listed 7 new deaths last week, for a total of 253. This 3% rise is down from the 5% of the earlier week.

Alabama is showing slight improvement in the spread and mortality. There, 6,441 new cases were reported, for a total of 138,755. This is a rising rate of 5%, down from the 6% of the earlier week. The state reported 75 new deaths, for a total of 2,351. This is a rate of 3%, down from the 5% of the week before. 

POLITICAL. Another kind of storm is churning toward us, the impending national election of 3 November. The presidential campaigns are getting meaner by the day. President Trump said a couple of days ago he was now going to get "vicious." What does he think he has been so far, Mr. Rogers? I had better not get started on Trump right now, but I will let you know he did give me some good chuckles recently. First, he compared himself, favorably, to FDR and Winston Churchill. That was hilarious. (He was serious!) Next, he is telling his followers to expect twelve more years as president (unconstitutional) because he deserves it. Moreover, he wants to be added as the fifth president on Mt. Rushmore. Too, he insists he had done more for blacks than anyone since Lincoln. As a kicker, he was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. These are all hoots to everyone except him and his drink-the-Kool-Aid followers. After I stopped laughing about FDR and Churchill, I turned angry. Trump's name should never be mentioned in the same breath with those towering saints of the Twentieth Century who together saved civilization from a satanic apocalypse. Trump is the very antithesis of these monumental statesmen. Really, he is the worst president in American history, hands down. What closed the case was he himself in nine hours of tapes with Bob Woodward.  

On another note, we now know, from the Church court filing of 10 September, that the Anglican Diocese of South Carolina and St. Philip's Church, of Charleston, each received over $150,000 in PPP government funds a few months ago. I also believe it to be true that the Episcopal diocese of SC and some parishes took PPP money, apparently less than $150,000 (the SBA did not list the PPP "loans" of less than $150,000).

This is wrong and, in my opinion, unethical. It is wrong for both the church and the state. It is bad for the church because it moves the Church toward a client relationship with the state. It is bad for the state because it violates the sacrosanct founding principle of the separation of church and state as enshrined in the First Amendment. As tempting as it is for churches to take tax-payer money, this road is fraught with dangers. To maintain full independence and integrity, every church entity should return the money they took under the PPP program. In fact, I am pleased to report that numerous churches across America did refuse to apply for the "loans," some even had changes of hearts and returned the money.

That is enough grumbling for the day. There are also lots of good and wonderful things happening all around us. I watched the service at Grace Church Cathedral yesterday and was heartened to see 35 people appear for confirmation. Even in this day of COVID, the church goes on, life goes on. And, that is what we must relish in this hard time. There is light in the darkness. One of my favorite places to go to reflect on these things is the garden of the Anniston Museum of Natural History, in Anniston AL. 

Ginger and papyrus line this pool. This little-known Eden has the largest collection of palms in Alabama as well as many rare and unusual tropical plants.

We are in a hard time; and let's not try to pretend otherwise. We have crisis on crisis besetting us. We wish it would all go away and everything would return to "normal." However, that choice is not ours to make. We are experiencing anxiety, fatigue, even fear. These are all natural and are to be expected. However, we must not let those feelings get the best of us. As Job, we cannot know now the reasons for all our sufferings, but like Job we will not waver in our faith and confidence in the God of the universe. As always, we should remember we are here for a reason and it is for the living of this hour whatever it may bring. Peace.

Saturday, September 12, 2020


It seems to me the people who broke away from the Diocese of South Carolina are having a hard time accepting the reality of their unfortunate situation. They refused to accept the state supreme court ruling that 29 parishes and the Camp were property of the Episcopal Church. They refused to accept the federal court ruling that the identity, names, and emblems of the historic diocese belong solely to the Episcopal Church diocese. We learned through a court filing two days ago, they are still in denial after all this time and all these court orders.

Nearly a year ago, on September 19, 2019, federal court judge Richard Gergel issued 1-a judgment that the Episcopal Church diocese is hierarchical and the Church diocese is the legal heir of the historic Diocese of South Carolina, and 2-a permanent injunction forbidding the association that broke away from the Episcopal Church from claiming to be in any way the historic diocese. The breakaways cleaned up a bit but left a lot untouched. So, Judge Gergel issued a second order of enforcement on December 19, 2019 (this is called the First Enforcement Order). He demanded that the breakaways cease and desist from claiming in any way to be the historic diocese. 

The new association, calling itself the Anglican Diocese of South Carolina, appealed Gergel's decision to the United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit, where it stands now. We are awaiting either a hearing or a written decision from the appeals court. The ADSC asked Judge Gergel for a stay pending the appeal. He denied the request. The ADSC also asked the U.S. Court of Appeals for a stay pending the appeal. It too denied the request. Thus, Gergel's two orders to the ADSC are fully functional.

Yet, even after all this, the people in the ADSC continue to claim to be the historic diocese. So, on 10 September 2020, the Church lawyers went back to Judge Gergel asking again that he enforce the order he published nearly a year ago. The filing was entitled "Second Petition to Enforce the Injunction." It gives in detail 27 specific violations of the breakaways against Gergel's order. Find the Diocese of South Carolina's press release about this here . This contains a link to the Second Petition itself. Attached to the Petition are the actual exhibits of the 27 violations. 

In the end, the Church lawyers asked the judge to enforce his injunction. It did not call for money or other penalties. This left me wondering why not. Is not it time to have some teeth in the enforcement? How about arresting the breakaway authorities for contempt of court, or at least slapping an attention-getting fine? (Can't you see the swat team raiding the Coming Street headquarters and hauling off the officers in handcuffs?) What else is going to make them obey the court orders that they have ignored twice ? 

Anyway, the breakaways seem to be in need of a history lesson, so I will offer them a brief run-down.

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1---The Episcopal churches in South Carolina formed an association in 1785. It was later called: the Diocese of South Carolina, the Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina, and the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina.

2---In 1789, it was one of nine state associations that formed the Episcopal Church.

3---The Diocese of South Carolina has remained a part of the Episcopal Church (except for the Civil War years).

4---In January of 2008, Mark Lawrence was consecrated as the XIV bishop of the Diocese of South Carolina.

5---Lawrence was removed as bishop of the Diocese of South Carolina on December 5, 2012, by the presiding bishop of the Episcopal Church.

6---The Standing Committee, supported by the bishop and others, resolved to leave the Episcopal Church on October 15, 2012. This was confirmed by a convention of most of the local churches of the diocese on Nov. 17, 2012.

7---When this group of people left the Episcopal Church, it did not take the diocese with it. It created a new religious denomination separate from the Episcopal Church and the Diocese of South Carolina. This new entity is now known as the Anglican Diocese of South Carolina.

8---The new association declared its bishop as Mark Lawrence. He remains the only bishop of the new religious body.

9---The Episcopal Church reorganized the Diocese of South Carolina under a new standing committee and bishop.

10---The newly formed association obtained an injunction controlling the rights, names, and emblems of the historic diocese, from the circuit court in January of 2013. This injunction remained in place until it was superseded by the federal court order of Sept. 19, 2019.

11---The entity now known as the Anglican Diocese of South Carolina was created on Oct. 15, 2012. Under federal decree of Sept. 19, 2019, it has no right to the identity, names, and emblems of the historic diocese. The federal judge issued an injunction forbidding the new association from pretending in any way to be the historic diocese.

12---The Anglican Diocese of South Carolina and its denomination, the Anglican Church in North America, are not parts of the Anglican Communion. The Episcopal Church and the Diocese of South Carolina are parts of the Anglican Communion.

13---The South  Carolina Supreme Court ruled on Aug. 2, 2017, that 29 of 36 local parishes, and Camp St. Christopher, remained property of the Episcopal Church. The circuit court judge, Edgar Dickson, refused to implement the decision and instead reinterpreted the decision to reach an opposite conclusion. Dickson's nullification is now on appeal in the high state courts (where it is likely to be overturned in favor of the original SCSC order).

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The Anglican Diocese of South Carolina and its local congregations might want to pay attention to the facts of this matter if they want to avoid contempt of court penalties. I doubt that Judge Gergel will be amused at the flagrant disregard of his two orders. I know it is hard for these people to accept because they were fed incorrect and misleading information and opinion by their trusted leaders before the schism. Before the break, people in the old diocese commonly believed they could take the diocese out of the Episcopal Church, intact, and could take their local church properties with them as they departed. These assumptions turned out to be wrong. The state supreme court ruled that the bulk of the local churches were property of the Episcopal Church and the federal court ruled the diocese did not leave the Episcopal Church. It is hard for anyone to accept that what one once believed confidently to be true, is not, in fact, true. 

Friday, September 11, 2020


This blog is celebrating its seventh anniversary today, 11 September 2020. I started it on Sept. 11, 2013, expecting it to last briefly. I had no idea it would still be going seven years later. I never imagined that so many people would care to read the modest postings I would offer.  I set up this blog for two reasons, to keep people informed of the progress of my research and writing a history of the schism, and to help keep people informed of what was happening to the two sides in the aftermath of the split of October 15, 2012. The book was published in August of 2017, so that part is over. I am now contemplating a new volume or a revised version of the original book once all of the litigation is over, that is, if I live long enough, which at the pace of the litigation is entirely dubious. 

When the secessionists started the legal war on January 4, 2013, I expected the litigation would last a few years and all would be over and settled long before 2020. I had no idea which side would prevail. Here we are seven and a half years later and the legal war is still dragging on. This is frustrating because the Church has won in both federal and state courts, yet nothing is settled. Right now we are in appeals, again. The Church side is appealing Judge Dickson's outrageous attempt to nullify the South Carolina Supreme Court decision of August 2, 2017. The breakaway side is appealing federal Judge Gergel's masterful order of September 2019 which recognized the Church diocese as the heir of the historic diocese and placed an injunction of the secessionists to prevent them from pretending to be the old diocese. I expect the Church appeal to go to the SC Supreme Court and the Anglican appeal to be rejected by the federal appeals court. This should happen within the next few months. However, no one can predict a time frame for all of this. The breakaway side has shown it will deny, delay, and appeal until the cows come home. This whole mess could drag on for years to come. God only knows when it will all be over.

As the litigation seemed to be going on forever, I changed the purpose of this blog from providing information and comment on the schism to other topics I considered of importance. I changed the name from "The Episcopal Church Schism in South Carolina" to "Ron Caldwell's Blog" to reflect the change. Lately, in addition to the schism, I have been paying attention to the crises going on in our lives, particularly the pandemic and the coming election. 

Speaking of the election, I must confess that I made a misjudgment about President Trump and I need to clear it up now. All along I have characterized Trump as incompetent, meaning unable to understand and handle the many issues and problems around the presidency. I tended to view him as a morally and ethically vacant entertainer, all show and no substance. As for the virus, I assumed he cared nothing and knew nothing about it until it was too late. So, I attributed all of Trump's shortcomings to simply being incompetent. 

We now know this view of Trump was and is incorrect. Two days ago, the journalist Bob Woodward released 18 taped conversations between himself and Trump made this year [nine recorded hours of a president speaking candidly in real time, in the middle of a national crisis, is an historian's gold mine]. Trump revealed he knew in January of the seriousness of the coronavirus and that he remained very well aware of all the truth about the coming pandemic from then on. He called it "deadly stuff." Indeed. Knowing what he knew, he went on to make two fateful choices: to keep the truth about the pandemic from the American people, and to make no concerted national effort to stop or lessen the pandemic in the U.S. In fact, in many ways he tried to stop what efforts there were of mitigation.

Trump's own words on tape show he was not morally and ethically vacant. In my view, his actions were decidedly immoral and unethical. So, it is not correct to say President Trump was incompetent. In fact, the tapes prove he knew very well what he was doing and set about to do it methodically. At least as a partial result of his choices, the U.S. has had by far the most cases and deaths in the world. We are now looking at nearly 200,000 dead Americans, far more than any country on the globe. We do not know Trump's motives for this historic dereliction of duty, but they really do not matter at this point. The effects of his actions are the important things at hand, and they are devastating. 

To put this in perspective, suppose right after impact, Captain Smith had kept secret the fact that Titanic had hit an iceberg and was fatally wounded, perhaps because he did not want the people to "panic." In time, it would have become obvious to everyone onboard the ship was going under and taking some 2,200 people with it but by then the tilt of the ship would have made launching lifeboats very difficult if possible at all. Probably everyone on board would have died in the icy waters. That did not happen as some 700 passengers did get into lifeboats and were rescued. There would have been more except Smith could not get people to realize the danger for a long time. Smith's heart-wrenching decision to spread the alarm early on kept the disaster from becoming a catastrophe (Smith was last seen at his post on the bridge). When it really counted, Captain Smith made decisions of great moral and ethical courage.     

The only other incident in modern American history to rival Trump's mishandling of the pandemic was President George W. Bush's creation of a war against Iraq on the twin charges that Hussein had weapons of mass destruction and was developing a nuclear weapons program. Both were false. We still do not know if Bush knew these were lies, or actually believed they were true because he was surrounded by neo-con advisers who assured him they were true. This is not the case with Trump. He knew the truth about the coming pandemic from day one and yet chose to deny its existence and to do virtually nothing to stop it. In my thinking, what Trump did was worse that what Bush had done. Trump knew the suffering, death, and national turmoil that was likely to happen, yet he tried to hide the truth as he refused to make a national plan to mitigate the disease. He left it up to the states and local governments. His motives for doing this are still unclear. He claimed to Woodward he did not want to "panic" the nation. This notion has no credibility considering that we have had nothing but chaos, confusion, and turmoil from his administration for the past three and a half years. With Trump it is a drama a day. Since panic is what he thrives on, his excuse of wanting to prevent panic was and is ludicrous.

Knowing all we know about Trump, his handling of the pandemic should not be surprising, but I still find it shocking and deeply disappointing. We have come to expect our presidents to act in the nation's best interests, or at least try. Trump failed at this spectacularly and he will be forever known in history as the president of the deadly COVID-19 pandemic. The greatest and richest country in the history of the world is now laid low by an incredibly tiny organism. It is a national humiliation.

Trump's new tapes will certainly hurt his chances of getting reelected and I suppose Democrats as myself should be glad, but I am not. I grieve for my country. I grieve for the 193,000 Americans who died. I grieve for the families who lost their loved ones. I grieve for the millions who lost their jobs and for those made hungry and homeless. 

Back to the anniversary of this blog, I am sure I have benefited the most from this long venture. If you have found this space useful, I am doubly glad.

What will happen in the next seven years? God only knows. We are now in trying times. Whatever comes our way, we will all face it together, I hope with all the strength and courage we can muster. I expect to keep up this blog as long as I can and readers find it of interest and use. If it helps even a little bit to get us through the crises upon us, it will have been worth it. Thank you reader, for giving me your time and attention all these years. I look forward to more years. Peace. 

Monday, September 7, 2020


Every year my heart is gladdened when the pampas grass (Cortaderia selloana) in my garden reaches its fullest flowering in late summer because 1-its gloriously beautiful blooms are eye-catching, and 2-cooler and drier air is just around the corner. So, fellow southerners, let us rejoice. It is pampas grass time. 

Welcome, blog reader, on the seventh day of September 2020, Labor Day. In America, today marks the unofficial end of summer and the beginning of the last phase of the campaign leading to the general election of 3 November. Election Day will arrive in less than two months.

Like it or not, we are in a unique and historic moment of time in which we are afflicted with layers of crises. First we have the worst public health crisis in a century. The COVID-19 pandemic is running rampant, particularly in America. It has disrupted our daily lives as nothing since the Second World War. Simultaneously, we have the worst economic crisis in America since the Great Depression: mass unemployment, business closings, recession. Moreover, we have mass, sometimes violent, social demonstrations in virtually every city and town as people demand racial justice or "law and order." And, in the midst of all of this, the United States is heading into a monumental political test, the likes of which the nation has not seen since 1968, possibly since the Civil War. It is enough to make even the strongest person wilt in despair, or maybe stay in bed cocooned in covers. We should not and need not do that. Let us take a closer look at some of the storms swirling around us.

PANDEMIC. COVID-19 continues to spread at about the same pace. According to Worldometers, in the past week, 31 August to 7 September, there were 1,899,163 new cases in the world for a total of 27,312,773. This is a 7% rise. As for deaths in the world, there were 92,384 in the week, up 5%. 

The United States continues to be the worst hit country in the world with by far the most cases and deaths with no end in sight. In the last week, there were 285,413 reported new cases, a rising rate of 5%. There were 6,026 deaths in the week, 3% increase. The death total for the U.S. is now 193,253. The actual figure is believed to be much higher. Thus, nearly 1,000 Americans are dying of the disease every day. This is about the same rate as the last few months. 

The southeastern states continue their longterm paths of outpacing the U.S. In South Carolina, there were 6,628 reported new cases in the last week, for a total of 124,952. This is a 6% rise, above the national number. In SC, there were 178 deaths in the week, for a total of 2,887. This is a 7% rise.

Alabama is faring about the same. There, 7,079 new cases were reported, for a total of 132,314. This is a 6% increase. There were 114 new deaths in the week. As of now, 2,276 Alabamians have died of the plague.

Charleston County continues to be a hopeful spot in the dismal numbers. It reported 440 new cases last week, for a total of 14,440. This is a relatively low 3% rise. However, the county continues to be the hardest hit in the state. The county is now reporting 246 deaths, up 11 last week. The spread of the disease in Charleston County is now below the state average as it has been for the past few weeks.

In general, the pandemic is spreading apace in the U.S., particularly in the southeast. It is killing about 1,000 Americans a day. Nearly 200,000 of our compatriots have died of the virus. We can expect 300,000 to be dead by the end of the year. 

LITIGATION. As far as I know, nothing has changed recently in the litigation between the two dioceses. Now that August has passed, perhaps the new month will bring some movement on the three issues we are watching: whether Judge Dickson will grant a stay pending the Church's appeal of his order; whether the SC Court of Appeals will agree to pass the appeal along to the SC Supreme Court; and whether the U.S. Court of Appeals will hold a hearing or go to a written decision.

POLITICAL. The question of the day is, Will President Trump repeat his victory of 2016?

What is the difference between 2016 and 2020? Trump won in 2016 for many reasons, primarily by exploiting the socio-cultural divisions in the country. In 1990, the Cold War ended and the United States lost its external threat that for nearly half a century had forced a certain unity in the country. This unity had been crucial in the development of the great democratic revolution from the 1950's onward as blacks, women, the disabled, the poor, the old, and homosexuals won greater and greater equality and inclusion in the national life. This period saw arguably the largest expansion of human rights in the nation's history. However, this transformation also caused a backlash, mainly from the people who felt most threatened by the reforms, namely the white male power structures which had monopolized national institutions from the start. A counter-revolution developed centered in elements such as the white working class man, white southerners, white evangelical Christians, and the Wall Street oligarchy. Once the forced unity of the Cold War ended, the nation quickly devolved into tribalism stoked by political opportunists. Donald Trump arose to power on white racism, by greatly magnifying the false charge that the first black president, Obama, was illegitimate because he had not been born in the United States. Racism was the ugliest, and most powerful, part of the counter-revolutionary backlash of the post Cold War period. Trump proved just how powerful it was. He used it successfully to divide and conquer.

The schism in South Carolina was part and parcel of the clash between the two tectonic plates of contemporary American history. From the start of the great democratic revolution, the Episcopal Church aligned itself strongly on the side of revolution. It gave equality and inclusion to blacks, women, homosexuals, and the transgendered. The minority counter-revolutionaries within the Church balked at this. When it was clear they had lost the fight over democratic reforms, the reactionaries bolted. Five dioceses voted to leave TEC. The diocese of South Carolina was the last (the diocese did not leave the Episcopal Church, but the majority of the people did). These five, with a lot of help from anti-homosexual rights equatorial African bishops, formed a new denomination that aimed to be the replacement for TEC in the Anglican world. The Anglican Church in North America was explicitly created to keep open homosexuals and women from having equality and inclusion in the church. Thus, the schisms in the Episcopal Church were very much a part of the culture war in contemporary America. The Episcopal Church was on the side of the democratic revolution while the schismatics were on the side of counter-revolution.

Donald Trump was not a political figure. He had never held a public office. He had no certain positions on issues. He was a demagogue who picked up on what he believed to be a winning strategy of championing the racial backlash against the great democratic revolution, the most visible element of which had been the civil rights reforms. By promoting the birther movement against the first black president, he staked out the leadership of the reactionaries in the culture war. By carrying just enough votes in key states, he won in the Electoral College. In short, Trump won election to the presidency in 2016 because of the divisions in the country.

Once in office, Trump constructed a compact with his followers ("base"). He offered them actions on the counter-revolution by rolling back as many socio-cultural reforms as he could manage. In return, he demanded support for autocratic rule. It worked. As reaction set in, Trump built a personal rule disregarding constitutional limits and long established norms of presidential behavior. Thus, two movements came out of Trump's administration, counter-revolution and imperial presidency. More and more, the person, the office and the state combined leading to a crescendo in the Republican National Convention when fireworks spelled out TRUMP over the national mall and the White House.

Just because something worked in 2016 does not necessarily mean it will work in 2020. Times have changed. The mood of the country is strikingly different now than it was four years ago. However, Trump's strategy has not changed. He is running the same playbook as he did last time. 

What is different now is that we have layers of crises burdening the country. In 2016 there was no external threat forcing a unity on the nation. There is today, the coronavirus. Most Americans are united in fear at what the virus will do to them and their loved ones. They are looking to the national leadership for a way to rally the country and defeat the deadly enemy. That leadership, however, is missing in action. Trump has been grossly incompetent at handling the new national threat. Meanwhile, the U.S. is the world's epicenter of the pandemic with by far the most cases and deaths. Trump has utterly failed to lead the nation against its worst health danger in a century. His ineptitude has been costly to America in more ways than one. Most Americans are well aware of his failings and they hold his mishandling of the virus against him. 

Trump's strategy of 2016 is out of sync today. Most of the country is unified by the virus, not divided. His stoking of social and cultural divisions does not seem to be effective beyond his solid base of 40% or so of the electorate. However, Trump appears to be unable to adapt and change strategy. His approach of lessening the fear of the virus is not working; and his retread of divide and conquer is not working. Too, most people know Trump much better this time than they did last. A library of best selling books on Trump has been published revealing in detail this man's character and personality. Some of them are devastating. Moreover, I suspect the entertainment value of putting a "colorful" character in the White House has worn thin. So, I see many reasons to believe Trump's chances of winning this time are less than in 2016. However, we have to bear in mind that Trump does not operate by conventional rules.

Many people in the know say Trump divides the world into two groups, winners and losers. He sees himself as a winner. He will go far to keep from being seen as a loser. His recently reported comments about military service are in line with this. Even if he did not say all the appalling things he is reported to have said about fallen soldiers, he is on record disparaging military service as with John McCain and the Khans. To Trump, they are losers and suckers. 

The chilling fear I have now is that Trump will call out two para-military groups at his disposal to try to cling to power after it is clear he has lost the vote: the federal officers, as border patrol, and the right-wing, pro-Trump self-created military-styled militias, the modern Brown Shirts. We have already seen these two groups in action in Portland and Kenosha. It is possible Trump will use these groups to try to control or overthrow the election. If so, this would be a coup d'état and would force a national crisis unlike anything since the Civil War. No one wants to think about such a thing, but in Trump world nothing is beyond the imagination. Just look at how he staged the Republican National Convention breaking all the rules of the Hatch Act and daring anyone to do anything about it.

So, Trump has given us this moment of political crisis. He is raising two problems with which the voters must wrestle. He is offering to break the back of the great democratic revolution and to transform the presidency into an autocracy. If he gets reelected, he will certainly feel free to do both. That is why this election has the potential of producing the most consequential transformation of American life since the Civil War.

Bottom line---we have less than two months to go before this Battle-of-Gettysburg-election will determine whether America continues down its historic road of democratic republicanism or whether it veers to the right into a fascist dictatorship. I believe this election will determine whether America continues to develop as a multi-cultural, diverse, egalitarian democracy or swings to the restoration of the white male power structures under rule by force. 

Should we worry? Yes. Should we despair? No. As stressful and frightening as all of this is, I think we need to keep the biggest picture in mind. The Bible tells us God created humankind in His/Her image to be God's representatives in the world. We are here for a reason. We have a mission from God. As long as we keep our eyes on this, the troubles of the world will not overwhelm us. Always remember, we are here for the living of this hour. My warmest best wishes to you, dear reader. Peace. 


One more thought. Are people who give their lives in military service for their fellow human beings losers and suckers? When I want to reflect on such a question, my mind always goes back to Andersonville, the site of the notorious Civil War prison. I once lived in nearby Americus, Georgia, and came to know and revere this hallowed ground. 

So, when I want to put things in perspective, I go back to Andersonville and stroll among the 13,000 graves of men who suffered terribly and died miserably far from home. They gave up their lives on a quest to free four million of their fellow human beings from bondage. If that is not honor and valor beyond measure, I do not know what is. These men who gave up their lives so that others might have freedom were anything but losers and suckers. 

Tuesday, September 1, 2020


By Ronald J. Caldwell, PhD, Professor of History Emeritus

(last revised September 12, 2020)

 A listing of events in chronological order apropos the Episcopal Church schism in South Carolina. This will be constantly expanded and refined as a working frame for a scholarly study of the topic.
Additions? Changes?  Please e-mail me at:



Nov. 14---The State of South Carolina issued a Certificate of Incorporation to The Protestant Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina: "The purpose of the said proposed Corporation is to continue the operation of an Episcopal Diocese under the Constitution and Canons of The Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America."


--- What is now known as Trinity School for Ministry Ambridge, Pennsylvania, was established as a conservative, evangelical school in the Episcopal/Anglican tradition. Mark Lawrence was an early alumnus. In time, many strong ties developed between Trinity and the Diocese of South Carolina and numerous alumni moved to serve as priests and deacons in the diocese. These ties became strongest in the episcopate of Mark Lawrence.


---GC passed AO69 declaring homosexual persons to have "full and equal claim with all other persons upon the love, acceptance, and pastoral concern and care of the Church."


---The General Convention (GC) of the Episcopal Church (TEC) passed Resolution 3:  "There should be no barrier to the ordination of qualified persons of either heterosexual or homosexual orientation...we believe it is not appropriate for this Church to ordain a practicing homosexual..." Forty-four bishops signed a statement rejecting the resolution.

---GC also adopted the Dennis Canon into the Constitution and Canons of the Episcopal Church: "All real and personal held in trust for this Church and the Diocese..." The Diocese of South Carolina renewed this as the first article in its Constitution and Canons every year until the DSC convention of Oct. 15, 2010 voted to remove it from the diocesan Constitution and Canons.


 May 17--- Christopher FitzSimons Allison (b. Mar. 5, 1927) elected Bishop Coadjutor of the Diocese of South Carolina (DSC)

Sept. 25---Allison consecrated Bishop Coadjutor.


Jan 1--Retirement of Bishop Gray Temple.

Jan. 2---Allison became Bishop of DSC.


---GC defeated a resolution:  "No one shall be denied access to the ordination process in this Church because of race, color, ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation..."; passed DO82 calling for "support" of homosexuals.
September 26-28---The Diocese of South Carolina (DSC) meeting in its One-Hundred Ninety-Fifth annual convention, in Charleston, passed a resolution:  "That the 1985 meeting of the Convention of the Diocese of South Carolina respectfully notify the Presiding Bishop-Elect that we do not approve the ordination of practicing homosexuals."

Dec. 1---George Edward Haynsworth became Assistant Bishop of DSC.


---TEC issued a booklet "Sexuality: A Divine Gift." Critics were outraged. Bp Allison condemned it.

---DSC annual convention requested the Presiding Bishop (PB) to withdraw "Sexuality: A Divine Gift." It was withdrawn.


Sept. 7---Edward Lloyd Salmon, Jr. (b. Jan. 30, 1934) elected Bishop.

Dec. 16---Bishop John Spong, of Newark, ordained Robert Williams, an open and partnered gay man, to the priesthood. 


February---In Jubilate Deo, the Rev. Kendall Harmon, Assistant at Holy Comforter, Sumter, posted an editorial strongly denouncing Williams' ordination, Bp Spong's part in it, and even the Presiding Bishop's failure to intervene. 

Feb. 22-24---DSC annual convention: Bp. Allison condemned the ordinations of homosexuals; convention passed a resolution that it "deplores the ordination of Robert Williams by Bishop Spong as a violation of the teaching of scripture and the Episcopal Church" and asked the House of Bishops to take disciplinary action against Spong; another resolution called on the House of Bishops and the Presiding Bishop to "censure the Bishop of Newark."

February 24--Bp Allison retired. Edward L. Salmon, Jr., consecrated Bishop of DSC (served until 2008) with Presiding Bishop Browning as chief consecrator.
April---In Jubilate Deo, the Rev. Kendall Harmon, Assistant at Holy Comforter, Sumter, posted a book review of Dirt, Greed, and Sex in which he denounced homosexuality among other expressions of sex.

Fall --- the Rt. Rev. Walter Righter, Assistant Bishop of Newark, ordained Barry Stopfel a deacon in the Diocese of Newark. Stopfel was an open and partnered homosexual man. In 1991, Stopfel was ordained a priest by the Rt. Rev. John S. Spong of Newark.

Oct. 19-20---Episcopalians United, a self-styled traditionalist group, held a conference in Charleston at St. Philip's and St. Michael's.

Dec. 31---Bp Haynsworth retired.


--GC, meeting in Phoenix AZ, dominated by widely competing views on sexuality in contentious sessions; no consensus on the ordination of homosexual persons. It called for deeper dialogue on human sexuality.

Nov. 8---the Episcopal Synod of America, a traditionalist group, met in Fresno CA (Diocese of San Joaquin) and formed a "missionary diocese." The Presiding Bishop asked them not to implement their plan as it would lead to schism.

Nov. 14---Canon Michael Malone and Mrs. Rosemary Drakeford conducted a workshop in Pinopolis for parish facilitators to discuss the issues raised by the GC.


March 13-14---DSC annual convention passed a resolution including: "Genital sexual expression is to be understood and taught as God's gift exclusively for men and women united in Holy Matrimony."


April 20---DSC Standing Committee voted to direct its President (Rev. Ladson Mills III) "to respond to S.J. [sic] George's Parish, Maplewood, New Jersey expressing grave concern over their calling an openly practicing homosexual as their rector and allowing him and his partner to live in the rectory."

---GC met in Indianapolis and amended Canon I.15.5 to read: "No person shall be denied...equal place...[in] this Church...because of...sexual orientation." It also issued a study document on human sexuality affirming only heterosexual relations. At the meeting, 106 bishops, including those from SC, signed a statement that said in part:  "Marriage is a union of husband and wife, one man and one woman..." and "Sexual relationships between members of the same sex are also a denial of God's plan, and cannot be condoned by the Church."


February---Ten conservative bishops filed charges of heresy against Bishop Righter. On May 15, 1996 a Church court dismissed charges against Righter holding that neither the doctrine nor the discipline of TEC prohibited the ordination of a homosexual person in a committed relationship.

Oct. 7---the Very Rev. William Skilton elected Bishop Suffragan over four other candidates.  


---the Rev. Kendall Harmon joined the "Editorial Advisory Board" of Jubilate Deo, the DSC newsletter. He remained on the Board until 2002 when he became "Editor."

Mar. 2---Skilton consecrated Bp Suffragan; served until 2007.


Jan. 23-26---SEAD (Scholarly Engagement with Anglican Doctrine) met at the Cathedral of St. Luke and St. Paul. This conservative group had met annually at Virginia Theological Seminary. Later this was replaced by Mere Anglicanism.

Feb. 28-Mar. 1---At DSC annual convention, Bp Salmon declared "We expect Holy Matrimony to be the context for sexual relations." and "We do not bless single-gender relationships as Holy Matrimony."

---GC met and passed resolution apologizing to homosexual persons "for years of rejection and mistreatment by the Church."

September 8-9 --- Representatives of various traditionalist groups met at All Saints, Pawleys Island. Host was Chuck Murphy. Issued "First Promise" denouncing the 1997 General Convention on: new presiding bishop, ordination of women, and sexuality. Attendees included Bp Allison, Dow Sanderson, Kendall Harmon.

October --- The Council of DSC adopted three resolutions in reaction to TEC General Convention:  1-local churches could withhold money to TEC, 2-seek associations outside TEC,  3-opposition to the mandatory ministry of ordained women in every diocese.


Feb. 27-28---At DSC annual convention, Bp Salmon deplored the recent vote of GC "which now makes the ordination of women mandatory" and added that many voices were calling to "...remove funding from the National Church..."
---Lambeth conference issues statement that homosexual practice was contrary to Scripture: "cannot advise the legitimizing or blessing of same sex unions nor ordaining those involved in same gender unions."

Aug.-Sept.---Bp Salmon announced that he and thirty other conservative bishops had signed a "Declaration to the Church" dissociating from "John Spong and his '12 Theses' as they in no way represent the doctrine, discipline, and worship of the Episcopal Church." Spong was a leading liberal bishop.


Mar. 5-6---DSC annual convention passed a resolution endorsing the Lambeth statement: "...hereby accept and declare that this Diocese...will not enact or continue in force any policy or take any action in conflict with the above said Resolutions of Lambeth 1998."

Oct. 1 --- Cambridge Accord defended equal rights for homosexual persons; signed by many Anglican bishops around the world.


Jan. 29--- Allison one of six bishops to consecrate as bishops Charles H. Murphy, III, rector of All Saints, Pawleys Island, and John H. Rogers, Jr., dean emeritus of Trinity School for Ministry, Ambridge PA, in Singapore. The Archbishop of Canterbury (ABC) expressed grave disappointment. the Presiding Bishop, Frank Griswold, said "I am appalled."

Feb. 11-12---at DSC annual convention, Bp Salmon recognized Murphy as a bishop and said that while he was not officially a priest of DSC, he continue on the staff of All Saints, Pawleys Island.

---GC approved: Resolution DO39 to "acknowledge" homosexual couples; and CO43 supporting the Cambridge Accord (Oct. 1, 1999) promoting rights for homosexuals.
August --- Murphy and Rogers form Anglican Mission in America (AMiA) under the auspices of Rwanda and South East Asia.

September --- DSC filed notice that All Saints, Pawleys Island, holds its property in trust for DSC and TEC. All Saints sued to claim the property.

Nov. 27-29---US Anglican Leader's Summit met in Atlanta. The Rev. Frank Limehouse III represented DSC at the request of Bp Salmon. It was meant to rally and unify "orthodox," or traditionalist Episcopalians and Anglicans.


Jan. 4 --- DSC Standing Committee gave consent to election of the Rev. Katharine Jefferts Schori as Bishop of Nevada.

March 8-10---at the annual DSC convention a resolution was offered: "Diocese of South Carolina's strong objections to the actions of the House of Bishops and the General Convention of 2000 and warns that if further action is taken to implement the proposed changing of the Book of Common Prayer to include a "marriage" service for same-sex couples, the blessing of same-sex couples and the authorizing of non-celibate homosexual persons...South Carolina will be forced to reconsider its relationship with the Episcopal Church..." This resolution was tabled and therefore not passed.

June 24 --- Allison one of six bishops consecrating two new bishops for AMiA in Denver. Bp Salmon wrote in Jubilate Deo, "I profoundly regret the decision of the Anglican Mission in America leadership to take such a step."

Oct. 15 --- a state judge ruled against DSC in All Saints, Pawleys Island, case. DSC appealed.


Jan.---the Rev. Kendall Harmon became Editor of Jubilate Deo, a post
he kept until 2009 when be became Assistant Editor.

Mar. 12---Salmon, Skilton, and Allison among 19 bishops issuing "An Appeal for the Preservation of Godly Union" ["traditional orthodox faith"] at the House of Bishops meeting, Camp Allen TX.


March 18---the House of Bishops adopted a report, "The Gift of Sexuality: A Theological Perspective," compiled by its Theology Committee:  "Because at this time we are nowhere near consensus in the Church regarding the blessing of homosexual relationships, we cannot recommend authorizing the development of new rites for such blessings."  While it took no explicit stand on the ordination of homosexual persons, it implied opposition: "we believe it is imperative that the Episcopal Church refrain from any attempt to 'settle' the matter legislatively." 

June 7---Diocese of New Hampshire elected Rev. Gene Robinson, an openly gay and partnered priest, as its next bishop.
---Salmon, Skilton, and Harmon issued a letter strongly condemning Robinson's election.

June 9---Salmon, Bishop Duncan of Pittsburgh, and Harmon issued a joint statement strongly advising the rejection of Robinson's election.

July 15---Salmon, Skilton, and Allison among 24 bishops issuing a statement declaring "impaired communion" with the Canadian Diocese of New Westminster that had recently approved liturgies for the blessings of same-sex unions.

July 23---Salmon, Skilton, and Harmon attend conservative meeting in Fairfax VA calling on GC to reject Robinson.

Aug.-Sept.---in Jubilate Deo, Bps. Salmon and Skilton denounced the election of Robinson as "clear repudiation of the teaching of Holy Scripture and the tradition of the church" and called on GC to reject the election.

---GC revised Canon III.1.2 to read: "No person shall be denied access to...any this Church because of...sexual orientation..."

Aug. 5 --- House of Bishops (HOB) at GC voted 62-43 to confirm Gene Robinson as the next bishop of New Hampshire. Before the vote, deputy the Very Rev. Mark Lawrence, of San Joaquin, spoke on behalf of the minority report composed by himself and two others. Their report condemned same-sex relationships.

Aug. 6---the Rev. Kendall Harmon made a speech on the floor of the House of Deputies at GC calling the vote on Robinson "catastrophic."

Aug. 18---Salmon met with the clergy of DSC on a "deadly serious situation" [Robinson].

Aug. 18 --- DSC Standing Committee passed a resolution to call a special diocesan convention in the Fall; passed another resolution declaring the acts of the recent GC on Robinson and blessing of same-sex unions "in conflict with the Canons of the Diocese of South Carolina and have no binding effect in the Diocese."

Oct. 2 --- DSC held a special convention to condemn the actions of General Convention (GC). Bp. Salmon said "The General Convention has endorsed a new religion." The Standing Committee offered a resolution: "Episcopal Church has exceeded its authority and departed from its constitution, in confirming the election, as bishop, of a non-celibate homosexual man and in permitting same-sex blessings..." and "urges recognition by the International Primates, of those orthodox dioceses and the legitimate expression of the Anglican Communion the United States." The first part condemned the confirmation of Bp Robinson; the second part called for splitting TEC.

The Rev. Tommy Tipton, of Holy Cross/Faith Memorial in Pawleys Island, presented a statement protesting the resolution signed by 19 clergy. Steve Skardon also presented a substitute resolution. All were voted down. With the change of one word, "apostasy" to "actions" the resolution passed.

Oct. 7-9---American Anglican Council held a meeting of "orthodox" leaders at Plano TX.

Oct. 18---80-page report issued by panel of 17 called by Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams called on the 50 bishops who consecrated Robinson to express regret but did not expel TEC from the AC. Kendall Harmon said this was not sufficient.

Oct. 23---Kendall Harmon attended meeting of conservatives at Truro Episcopal Church in VA that agreed to form a "network of confessing dioceses and parishes."

Nov. 2---Robinson consecrated Bishop of New Hampshire. Kendall Harmon sent as representative of American Anglican Council alternative meeting of 500 protesters.

Nov. 4---Salmon, Skilton, and Allison among 38 bishops issuing a statement condemning Robinson's consecration.

Nov. 20---Salmon one of four bishops issuing a "Memorandum of Agreement on Establishing a Network of Confessing Dioceses and Congregations in the Episcopal Church" at "The Mainstream Meeting." The statement of the meeting called on the Global South primates to recognize the Network, to separate from the Archbishop of Canterbury if he did not support them, and to campaign in the Anglican Communion against TEC. The bishops said "We commit to the guerilla warfare of the next year."

Nov. 25 --- DSC Standing Committee passed resolution to join the "Network of Confessing Dioceses and Congregations." SC one of four dioceses forming the Network of Anglican Communion Dioceses and Parishes, in opposition to Robinson.

Dec.---Group of five friends met and resolved to set up organization to keep link between TEC and DSC: Barbara Mann, Marcy Walsh, Tom Myers, Dottie Pagliaro, and Lynn Pagliaro. Episcopal Forum of South Carolina formed with stated goal "to insure that the Episcopal Diocese of SC continues to exist in full participation with ECUSA..." Lynn Pagliaro served as first president.

Dec. 23 --- Bp Salmon reported that only St. Stephen's of Charleston, and Holy Cross/Faith Memorial, Pawleys Island, may want to transfer to another bishop while Grace Church, Charleston, and All Saints on Hilton Head were divided.

Dec. 28---The Chapman Memo, by Rev. Geoff Chapman, rector of St. Stephen's, Sewickley PA, Diocese of Pittsburgh, on behalf of the American Anglican Council and its Bishops' Committee on Adequate Episcopal Oversight (AEO):   "Our ultimate goal is a realignment of Anglicanism on North American soil...We believe in the end this should be a 'replacement' jurisdiction [to replace TEC]. It then laid out a plan in three stages to accomplish this goal. The Memo was secret and stressed keeping it secret while passing it around only "orthodox" clergy (the Memo was immediately leaked). It is possible that the Chapman Memo became the blueprint for the parochial and diocesan secession movement that exploded after Robinson's affirmation.


Jan. 8-9---"The Future of the Anglican Communion" conference met at St. Philip's, sponsored by the Anglican Communion Institute, an orthodox think tank. This evolved into the annual conference in Charleston called Mere Anglicanism.

Jan. 19-20---Bp Salmon attended the Network of Anglican Communion Dioceses and Congregations meeting in Dallas (Plano). SC one of twelve dioceses represented. The group elected Bishop Duncan, of Pittsburgh, its moderator, and drew up a Ten Point Plan opposing the recent decisions of GC. Chapman (see Dec. 28, 2003) addressed the conference. This group was soon commonly called the Anglican Communion Network. Salmon and Harmon soon figured prominently in the leadership of ACN. DSXC delegation in Plano: Rev. Steve Wood, Rev. John Burwell, Bp. Skilton, Lydia Evans, and Clayton Burroughs.

--- All Saints, Pawleys Island, voted to withdraw from TEC and DSC and align with AMiA, under Province of Rwanda.
Feb. 23 --- Episcopal Forum of South Carolina hosted a meeting "Seeking Unity in Diversity" in Charleston seeking common ground after the disagreements on Robinson.

March 3---The Barfoot Memorandum called for alternative primatial oversight from overseas as a step to replacing TEC.

Mar. 5---The first newsletter of the Episcopal Forum of SC suggested that the ACN may well be schismatic.

Aug. 27-Sept. 11---The Anglican Communion Network, which formed in reaction to Robinson's approval, held meetings at St. Philip's, Church of the Cross in Bluffton, and Church of the Holy Comforter in Sumter led by prominent conservatives in opposition to the decisions of TEC. (While Episcopal Forum represented the pro-TEC forces, the ACC came to represent the anti-TEC side). Jubilate Deo began carrying frequent news from ACC.

Oct. 18---The Windsor Report was issued:  recommended a moratorium on acceptance of homosexual persons as bishops and on the blessing of same-sex unions; recommended an "Anglican Covenant" whereby provinces would consult with the AC; recommended those promoting "disunity" to "express regret"; did not recommend discipline against TEC.

Nov. 1---Standing Committee voted resolutions supporting the Windsor Report and calling on bishops who supported Bp Robinson to "express regret" and remove themselves from "representative functions in the Anglican Communion." At the same time it brushed aside the cross-boundary interventions as "...actions to be of lesser concern..."


Jan. 12-13---House of Bishops met in Salt Lake City. Salmon served as chief spokesman for the Anglican Communion Network that denounced the affirmation of Robinson. Salmon, Skilton, and Allison among 29 bishops who issued a statement criticizing the HOB for it weak stand on the Windsor Report and strongly endorsing the Report.

March 4-5---at the annual DSC convention, Bp Salmon endorsed the Windsor Report. The Rev. Greg Kronz was appointed to head a bishop's search committee. Resolution passed: "this Diocese honor the moratoria, as expressed in the Windsor Report, 1)the consecration of all candidates to the episcopate who are engaged in same-sex relationships..., 2)the blessing of same-sex relationships, and 3)...we will neither encourage nor initiate cross-boundary interventions..." The Rev. Canon Kendall Harmon offered two resolutions that passed identifying DSC with the wider Anglican Communion.

The bishop's search committee:  Rev. Greg Kronz, chair; the Very Rev. Craige Borrett; the Rev. Paul Fuener; the Rev. Anthony Kowbeidu; the Rev. Jeffrey Miller; the Very Rev. John Scott; the Rev. David Thurlow; John Bowden; Lydia Evans; Martha Flowers; Frances Fuchs; Keith Lackey. All but Lackey came from parishes that later "disassociated" from TEC. [Lackey later left the parish, DSC and TEC for the Ordinariate of the Roman Catholic Church.]

April 18-20---the Anglican Communion Network met in Bedford TX. SC was represented.

July 18-21---Salmon one of 19 bishops meeting in Los Angeles. No agreement.

Nov. 11-12---the Anglican Communion Network met in Pittsburgh. SC represented. A group associated with ACN issued a DVD that was distributed to the 2000+ attendees. It followed the themes of the Chapman Memo in strongly denouncing TEC and clearly suggesting that Episcopalians should abandon the Church. Harmon was a featured speaker on the DVD. It also included two videos, "Choose This Day" and "The Decision." Lawrence reiterated the themes of the videos in his two essays below of 2006.


January---Bishop Salmon reached the mandatory age of retirement. At the request of the Standing Committee, Salmon continued to serve as the acting bishop of the diocese until Lawrence's consecration on Jan. 26, 2008.

Jan. 30---Rev. Mark Lawrence, rector of St. Paul's, Bakersfield, issued "A Prognosis for This Body Episcopal" that called for the end of the independent Episcopal Church:  "Our very survival, let alone our growth, necessitates the surrender of our autonomy to the governance of the larger church--that is, the Anglican Communion."

Feb. 27 --- DSC Standing Committee noted that All Saints, Pawleys Island, had rejected two offers of a compromise settlement.

March ---at a service in St. Paul's, Bakersfield CA, where he was rector (1997-2007), Mark Lawrence said he received a revelation from God that he was to embark on a journey. In May he allowed his name to be submitted for bishop of SC.

May 10-14---ACC held meetings in Holy Comforter Sumter, St Helena's Beaufort, and St. Philip's, to discuss issues in the upcoming GC.

June --- Katharine Jefferts Schori elected Presiding Bishop (PB) of TEC.

---GC passed: BO33 calling on dioceses to "exercise restraint" by not consenting to homosexuals; A167 affirming equality for homosexuals; AO95 calling for civi protection of same-sex couples.

June---Bps Salmon and Skilton published a pastoral letter revealing shock at the election of Bp Jefferts Schori and dismay at GC's failure to conform to the Windsor Report. 

June 21---Salmon, Skilton, and Allison among 24 bishops issuing statement condemning the "failure" of GC to take adequate action.

July 23---Rev. Lawrence posted an essay "Remaining Anglican: In Defense of Dissociation" holding that TEC was hopelessly in error and endorsing "alternative primatial oversight" [outside of TEC].

June 26 --- DSC Standing Committee voted unanimously to request from the Archbishop of Canterbury an Alternative Primatial Relationship. This was approved by resolution of the DSC convention of Nov. 9-10.

July 6 --- DSC Standing Committee interviewed four candidates for bishop: Mark Lawrence, John Burwell, Ellis Brust, and Steve Wood. Lawrence, Brust and Wood were approved.

August 26 --- DSC Standing Committee received a petition to make the Rev. Dow Sanderson a candidate for bishop. The Committee unanimously rejected it.

Sept. 11-13---Salmon among conservative bishops meeting in New York at invitation of the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Presiding Bishop. No agreement. (See Nov. 27)

Sept. 16 --- Special convention of the DSC. Mark Lawrence elected bishop of over Ellis E. Brust (chief operating officer of the American Anglican Council) and Stephen D. Wood (rector, St. Andrew's, Mt. Pleasant). [all three later left TEC]. TEC rules allowed 120 days after formalities to receive consents from the majority of 111 dioceses (minimum of 56).

Sept. 22---Salmon among 21 bishops who met at Camp Allen TX and sent a letter to HOB supporting the Windsor Report and endorsing the Anglican Covenant.

Sept. 28---Episcopal Forum held a meeting in Charleston.

Oct. 19 --- Via Media USA, affiliated with Episcopal Forum, sent letters to all dioceses stating that Lawrence would be a threat to the unity of the church.

Oct. 27---The Bishop of Dallas withdrew his request for Alternate Primatial Oversight.

Nov. 9-10 --- Annual meeting of the DSC. In his Bishop's Address, Bp Salmon criticized the new PB for her theological "relativism" and her philosophy of social gospel. The Convention passed Resolution # 1, "in requesting from the Archbishop of Canterbury and Alternative Primatial Relationship" (see June 26).

Nov. 27---Outcome of Sept. 11-13 meeting, PB and bishops issued a proposal for a Primatial Vicar to serve those dioceses that requested Alternative Primatial Oversight. The proposal was sent to the ABC and the petitioning bishops.

Dec. --- Bp Suffragan Skilton resigned office (effective Dec. 31) at the request of the DSC Standing Committee upon its agreement with the bishop-elect. Skilton wrote "I believe my departure will enable Father Lawrence to create a diocesan staff that will more effectively respond to is developing vision..." As Bishop of SC, Lawrence did hire a new staff, a new Canon to the Ordinary, and a new Visiting Bishop.

Dec. 26---St. Stephen's Church, Anson Street in Charleston, adopted a resolution to support TEC.


March 7---Lawrence sent a letter to the Standing Committees of TEC: " intention is to remain in The Episcopal Church."

March 12---deadline for consents from Standing Committees for election of Lawrence as Bishop. 56 was the minimum number for approval. As of 3-3-07 46 consents had been made. 55 received by 3-12-07. PB added three days to deadline.

March 15 --- PB declared Lawrence's election null and void. Several dioceses had submitted electronic consents when the Canons required written signatures. PB announced that 50 votes were legal, six less than required. Lawrence blamed his loss on smear campaign of liberals.

April 9---HOB Task Force on Property Disputes issued a report, "Connecting the Dots," detailing a well-organized plan among conservatives to remove property of TEC.

April 17---DSC Standing Committee resolved unanimously to reconvene the diocesan convention in June.

April 26---Salmon one of seven bishops calling themselves "The Steering Committee of the Windsor Bishops" who wrote the ABC affirming their strong support for Windsor.

May 5---the Very Rev. Mark Lawrence addressed the annual meeting of the Episcopal Church Women in Beaufort.

June 7---Episcopal Forum sent a letter to the PB asking her to appoint an interim bishop. (Salmon had retired at mandatory age of 72.)

June 9---meeting of "Re-Convened 216th Convention" that decided on a new convention to elect a bishop to be held on Aug. 4.

June 11-14---The Executive Council of TEC resolved: -every diocese is required to give unqualified accession to the Constitution and Canons of TEC;  -any amendment to a diocesan constitution that attempts to change this is null and void. 

August 4 --- DSC convention elected Lawrence as Bishop. His was the only name on the ballot.

Sept. 18 --- DSC Diocesan Council passed a resolution inviting Presiding Bishop Jefferts-Schori to the diocese in February of 2008.

Sept. 19---PB announced that 8 bishops had agreed to serve as "episcopal visitors" to dioceses that had requested pastoral oversight other than the PB. [see Sept. 20]

Sept. 20-25---HOB met with ABC in New Orleans. Salmon issued a letter criticizing the meeting and rejecting the PB's offer of alternative oversight [Sept. 19] as not meeting the "needs of those who asked for it."
Oct. 29 --- PB announced Lawrence had received the consents necessary for him to become the next bishop of DSC.

Nov. 3---Episcopal Forum held a conference at Middleton Place.

Dec. 8 ---Diocesan convention in San Joaquin voted to leave TEC for the Province of the Southern Cone. Mark Lawrence, of St. Paul's in Bakersfield, was not present as he was on sabbatical in North Carolina. St. Paul's voted for secession.


Jan. 11---PB inhibited Schofield (Bp of San Joaquin).

Jan. 26 --- Lawrence consecrated Bishop of DSC at Cathedral of St. Luke and St. Paul, Charleston. The PB was not invited. Chief consecrator was Bp E. Clifton Daniel, of East Carolina. David Booth Beers present to guide officials in legalities.

Feb. 25-26 --- PB visited DSC. Lawrence met with PB.

March 7-12 --- Lawrence attended meeting of HOB. Discussion of Windsor Report.

March 12--- Bp Schofield of San Joaquin deposed by vote of the House of Bishops.

Mar. 27 --- DSC Standing Committee and Bp Lawrence sent a letter to PB protesting the deposition of Schofield. [Almost all minutes of all meetings of the DSC Standing Committee are still held secret, unavailable to the public; only a few selected lines have been released.]

May 14-17---Lawrence at Trinity School for Ministry (Ambridge PA) for Board of Trustees meeting.

May 21-24---Lawrence at Nashotah House in Wisconsin to receive an honorary doctor's degree and meet with conservative bishops on the Board of Trustees.

June 3-4---Lawrence attended Province IV bishops' meeting at Kanuga. Discussion of upcoming Lambeth conference.

June 23-27 --- Lawrence attended the GAFCON conference [GAFCON I]in Jerusalem. Conference issues "The Jerusalem Declaration" that includes: "marriage between one man and one woman as the proper place for sexual intimacy and the basis of the family" and "we reject the authority of those churches and leaders who have denied the orthodox faith [e.g. The Episcopal Church]." Many bishops at GAFCON refused to attend Lambeth.

July 6---Lawrence journeyed to England for meetings.

July 17-Aug. 3 --- Lawrence attended the Lambeth Conference in Canterbury.

August 3---Lawrence was quoted as saying GAFCON was the heir apparent to assume leadership of the AC.

Sept. 11---Lawrence meets with the DSC clergy and stressed building bonds with Anglicans beyond TEC.

Sept. 17-19 --- Lawrence attended a meeting of HOB in Salt Lake City and protested the depositions of Schofield and Duncan. HOB deposed Duncan by vote of 88 yes, 35 no and 4 abstaining.

Oct. 1-3---Lawrence in Ambridge PA for Board of Trustees meeting of Trinity School for Ministry

Oct. 6-8---Lawrence in Sewanee TN to receive honorary doctor's degree and meet with Board of Trustees.

Nov. 6 ---DSC Standing Committee unanimously passed resolutions:  -supporting the Jerusalem Declaration as set forth in the GAFCON Conference,  2-non-recognition of the deposition of Duncan.

Dec. 3-5---Lawrence attends Province IV bishops' meeting in Jacksonville FL.

Dec. 3---Common Cause Partnership, led by Robert Duncan, formed the Anglican Church in North America, an association of various independent conservative groups.

Dec. 8-9 --- Lawrence attended the Anglican Communion Network convention in Overland Park, KS. [This is the tenth meeting Lawrence attended in 2008 outside of SC.]


 Feb. 16-18---Lawrence in Belleville IL for a Men's Conference and Clergy Pre-Lenten Retreat for the Diocese of Springfield.

March 12-13 --- In his first address to an annual convention of DSC, Lawrence denounced TEC for what he called "compromises toward the Uniqueness of Christ, " "non-Canonical actions,"  and "controversies regarding Human Sexuality," but gave no specifics. In the same moment, he first publicly raised the idea that DSC might not continue to accede to and adopt the Constitution and Canons of TEC.
---In the convention, the Revs. Borrett and Harmon introduced a resolution to "Request that General Convention be suspended." This was defeated in the house of clergy. [This was the last resolution to be defeated in Lawrence's tenure.] However, resolutions were passed supporting the proposed Anglican Covenant and the Uniqueness of Christ.
---Convention also approved the office of Canon to the Ordinary. Bp. Lawrence appointed the Rev. Jim Lewis.

March 15-18---Lawrence attends House of Bishops meeting at Kanuga.

March 30-April 1---Lawrence in Bakersfield CA for ordination of his son Chad at St. Paul's Anglican Church, where Lawrence had been rector 1997-2007. St. Paul's was one of the parishes of San Joaquin that had left the Episcopal Church in 2007 under Bp Schofield. (St. Paul's returned to TEC in 2013.) 

April 15-17---Lawrence in Houston TX for meeting of Anglican Communion Partners and the Anglican Communion Institute.

April 22 --- Lawrence and 14 other bishops released 13-page document "Bishops' Statement on the Polity of the Episcopal Church" asserting virtual sovereignty of the individual dioceses.

May 18-21---Lawrence at Lake Logan NC for College of Bishops meeting.

May 29-30 --- DSC Standing Committee approved transfer of $3.5m in property to an irrevocable trust at St. Andrew's Church, Mt. Pleasant. This passed after Lawrence offered prayers for the discernment of the Committee.

June 2-4---Lawrence at Kanuga for Province IV bishops' meeting.

June 22---Anglican Church in North America formed. Robert Duncan chosen archbishop.

July-7-18---Lawrence in Anaheim CA for General Convention. GC passed DO25 and CO56 favoring homosexuals in the ministry and the blessing of same-sex unions. Lawrence one of several bishops of the Communion Partners writing the Anaheim Statement, issued on July 16, condemning the resolutions; 35 bishops signed the Statement.
July 19-21---Lawrence in Bakersfield CA to attend St. Paul's Anglican Church.

July --- St. Andrew's, of Mt. Pleasant, transferred property worth $3.45 million into a land trust.

July 28---Lawrence, DSC Standing Committee, deans, and Harmon met in wake of GC. Drew up resolutions to present at Oct. convention (see Oct. 24).

Aug. 13 --- In response to GC, Lawrence addressed the clergy of DSC condemning "the false gospel of indiscriminate inclusivity [rights for homosexuals]" and calling on DSC to distance itself from TEC.

Sept. 1-3 --- In the wake of GC, Lawrence and other Anglican Communion Network bishops met with the Archbishop of Canterbury in London.

---In late 2009 the final draft of the Anglican Communion Covenant was sent to the Anglican provinces for approval.

Sept. 18 --- SC Supreme Court reversed the trial court's decision and ruled in favor of All Saints, Pawleys Island, against DSC. The Court said All Saints held title to its property and the Dennis Canon had had no effect on that.  Neither DSC nor TEC appealed to the US Supreme Court. [see Feb. 12, 2010.]

Sept. 21-23---Lawrence in Albany NY to address a clergy retreat in the Diocese of Albany.

Oct. --- Lawrence invited Tom Tisdale to lunch; 2 1/2 hour conversation on issues in the DSC.

Oct. 20 --- DSC Standing Committee discussed resolutions for upcoming special convention; Calvary Church, Charleston, sent letter opposing withdrawing from governing bodies of TEC; Committee spent much time rewording R-5, "The Rubric of Love" and offered an amendment.

Oct. 22 --- Bonnie Anderson, president of TEC House of Deputies, sent letter to DSC--decisions of General Convention are binding on the dioceses.

Oct. 24 --- DSC held special convention and voted  -to begin withdrawing from all bodies of TEC that are in error,  -declared DO25 and CO56 null and void in DSC.

Nov. 3-4---Bishops and other representatives of seven conservative dioceses, including SC, met in Charleston to plan strategy.
Nov. 17--- Attorney Alan Runyan formally retained as counsel for DSC; became lead lawyer for DSC in litigation 2013+.

Dec. --- David Booth Beers retained Tom Tisdale as counsel for TEC in DSC.

Dec. 1 --- St. Luke's, Hilton Head, voted to remove all references to TEC.

Dec. --- Trinity Church, Myrtle Beach, voted to remove all references to TEC.

Dec. 5 --- Mary Glasspool elected by Diocese of Los Angeles to be Suffragan Bishop. [Consecrated in May 2010]. She was the second openly homosexual person to be made a bishop in the Episcopal Church.

Dec. 5 --- Episcopal Forum held a symposium in Charleston, "I an Episcopalian."

Dec. 12 --- Andrew Waldo elected bishop of Upper South Carolina. John Burwell was also a candidate (DSC Standing Committee had unanimously rejected consent to Waldo's election).

Dec. 17 --- St. Andrew's of Mt. Pleasant voted as a congregation to leave the Episcopal Church for the ACNA.  [see Mar. 28, 2010.]

Dec. 31 --- Tisdale met Wade Logan for conversation.


January --- Mere Anglicanism conference in Charleston with theme of gender, identity, and sexuality focused on the evils of homosexuality.

Jan. 25-29 --- Thomas S. Tisdale, attorney for TEC sent 9 letters requesting information on certain parishes. Logan showed letters to Lawrence. Lawrence declared a crisis. DSC refused to give any information to Tisdale.

Feb. 9---Lawrence announced he was postponing diocesan convention from Mar. 4-5 to Mar. 26.

Feb. 12 --- Vestry of All Saints Episcopal Church, Pawleys Island, filed a motion in the U.S. Supreme Court for appealing the SC Supreme Court decision on All Saints Waccamaw. Neither DSC nor TEC joined.

Feb. 19-22 --- PB met with the Executive Committee of TEC. Discussed SC. No agreement.

Feb. 22-25---Lawrence in Birmingham AL to preach at Cathedral Church of the Advent, Very Rev. Frank Limehouse, dean.

Mar. 6 --- Episcopal Forum hosted conference in Charleston, "Enthusiastically Episcopalian."

Mar. 17 --- Lease agreement between the Trustees of DSC and Mark Lawrence. Episcopal residence at 50 Smith Street, Charleston, leased to Lawrence for one dollar a year for five years with option for another five years. In effect regardless of his status as bishop. [Entered as Exhibit DSC-28, Circuit Court trial, July 8, 2014]
---Trustees also adopted new Bylaws naming the Bishop as the President of the Corporation (see Jan. 4, 2013).

Mar. 19-24 --- Lawrence attended the HOB meeting in Camp Allen TX.
-----The Theology Committee of the HOB issued a report "Same-Sex Relationships in the Life of the Church," an 87-page study from leading authorities on both the "Traditionalist" and "Liberal" sides. This report is to date the most scholarly, balanced discussion of this topic but it drew no conclusions.
-----Andrew Waldo (bishop-elect of Upper South Carolina) and Lawrence had 1 1/2 hour get-acquainted meeting at HOB.

Mar. --- All Saints Episcopal and All Saints Anglican, Pawleys Island agreed on settlement: property valued at $10m and name to Anglicans, $375,000 to Episcopalians. All Saints Episcopal dropped appeal to Supreme Court [see Feb. 12].

Mar. 26 --- DSC convention met after being postponed (from Mar. 4-5). Demanded PB withdraw her attorney; declared DSC a "sovereign" diocese.

Mar. 28--- St. Andrew's, of Mt. Pleasant. Vestry formally enacts disassociation from DSC and TEC (congregational vote of Dec. 17).

April-May---Episcopal Forum held five regional meetings around diocese. 

April 17-32 --- Lawrence attended the Global South to South Encounter, in Singapore, a meeting of conservative Anglican bishops.

May 12-14---Lawrence in Sewickley PA for Trinity School for Ministry Board of Trustees meeting.

May 15---Mary D. Glasspool, consecrated as Suffragan Bishop of Los Angeles. Glasspool was the second openly homosexual person to be made a bishop of TEC.

May 20---Lawrence at Nashotah House, Wisconsin, to attend commencement.

May 22 --- Andrew Waldo consecrated bishop of Upper South Carolina in Christ Church, Greenville. Lawrence did not attend.

July 16 --- DSC Standing Committee resolved non-recognition of Mary Glasspool as a bishop of the Episcopal Church.

August 25-26---Lawrence at Virginia Theological Seminary; Washington DC where he met a group at the Heritage Foundation; and Sewickley PA.

Sept. 2 --- Clergy conference, St. Paul's Summerville. Alan Runyan made a presentation attacking the Title IV revisions in the canons of TEC. These charges were background to the six proposed resolutions for the next diocesan convention.

Sept. 9 --- Standing Committee met and approved the six proposed resolutions for the next convention. All alter the basic documents of the diocese: constitution, canons, and corporate charter. Resolutions published.

Sept. 15-19---Lawrence in Phoenix AZ for House of Bishops meeting.

Sept. 22 --- Episcopal Forum sent a letter to the Executive Council and to each member of the HOB asking for an investigation of Lawrence.

Sept. 23 --- Lawrence sent a letter refuting all charges made by Forum.

Sept. 30-Oct. 7 --- Lawrence in Cairo, Egypt to address the Diocese of Egypt... in Cairo strengthening his ties with conservative Anglican Bishop Mouneer Anis (Egypt and North Africa and the Horn of Africa).

Oct. 13 --- Lawrence sent a letter to PB. PB sent back an e-mail.

Oct. 14 --- Lawrence sent an e-mail to PB and drafted a letter to her that he did not send.

Oct. 15 --- Reconvened Diocesan Convention passed six resolutions amending the DSC constitution. These assert the independent self-rule of DSC and removed accession to the canons of TEC. The Dennis Canon was removed from the DSC Constitution and Canons. The corporate charter was amended to drop TEC.

Oct. 19 --- DSC officially amended its charter with the state of SC to remove all references to the Episcopal Church.

Oct. 21 --- DSC amended its Bylaws: -Standing Committee to be known as "Board of Directors"; Lawrence is the President of the Corporation; Directors have sole authority to choose a bishop; only Directors can remove any members of the Board; Lawrence can be removed only by unanimous vote of the Board. (see Dec. 16)

Nov. 9---Episcopal Forum sent a letter to the Province IV bishops appealing for help in defending TEC in DSC.

Nov. 15-16 --- Lawrence attended meeting of Communion Partner bishops, a conservative league, in Orlando.

Nov, 18-19---Lawrence attends Province IV bishops' meeting in Miami FL.

Dec. 16 --- DSC amended its Bylaws: Board of Directors (Standing Committee) have sole authority to determine identity and authority of the Bishop; Board may make an employment contract with the Bishop (see Feb. 1, 2011); Bishop can be removed only by unanimous vote of the Board; Bishop's employment contract may be terminated only by unanimous vote of the Board and the calling of a special convention of the diocese where two-thirds of both orders approve the termination.



Feb. 1 --- Bishop's Employment Agreement. Standing Committee made agreement to employ Lawrence as bishop and/or chief executive officer in perpetuity and regardless of his status as bishop. Could be terminated only by death, total disability, Lawrence's request, or the terms of the Bylaws (see Dec. 16, 2010). Salary set at base $121,170 plus family medical insurance, annual annuity of $10,000, retirement contribution equal to 18% of income, and $35,000 travel (near $200,000 package). If he were removed as bishop his employment would continue as chief executive officer of the diocese. [Entered as Exhibit DSC-29, circuit court trial, July 8, 2014].

Feb. 18-19 --- DSC convention passed a second time two resolutions from the Oct. convention removing accession to the Canons of TEC and removing "annual" before "convention."

Feb. 19 --- Lawrence meets with Standing Committee.

Mar. 1 --- Lawrence complained to DSC Standing Committee about upcoming Episcopal Forum meeting and its "false statements and misrepresentations."

Mar. 10 ---Episcopal Forum held "Enthusiastically Episcopalian: conference.

Mar. 18-19---Lawrence in Springfield IL for the consecration of Bp. Daniel Martins.

Mar. 28-29 --- Lawrence attended HOB meeting, Kanuga NC and discussed the pending Anglican Covenant, a cause he strongly advocated.

May 13---Lawrence in Ambridge PA for Trinity School for Ministry Board of Trustees meeting.

May 25 --- Melinda Lucka wrote to PB and Executive Council of TEC outlining charges against Lawrence.

June 2 --- Lawrence reads book by Robert Gagnon, The Bible and Homosexual Practice.

June 6-8 --- Lawrence attends meeting of Province IV bishops, Kanuga NC and makes talk he entitles "Sex and Salvation."

July 1 --- Title IV revisions to the TEC Constitution and Canons became effective. New Disciplinary Board for Bishops established (10 bishops, 4 priests or deacons, 4 laypersons).

Aug. --- Executive Council of TEC informed Lawrence that votes of DSC to override the C and C of TEC were null and void (see June 11-14, 2007).

Sept. 26-27---Lawrence in Washington DC for China-USA Church Leaders Forum.

Sept. 28 --- Lawrence sent letter rejecting the Executive Council's ruling.

Sept. 29 ---Lawrence was informed by the President of the Disciplinary Board for Bishops (Rt. Rev. Dorsey Henderson, Jr., former bishop of Upper SC) that he was being investigated on charges of abandonment of communion. Committee collected 63-page document of evidence against Lawrence. 12 allegations.

Sept. 30 --- Josephine Hicks, attorney for the DBB wrote to the Standing Committee of DSC requesting documents.

Oct. 4 --- Lawrence met with Standing Committee, 11:30-4:00.

Oct. 7 --- Wade Logan, Chancellor of DSC, wrote to Hicks challenging her credentials.

Oct. 11 --- Lawrence held meeting of DSC clergy.

Oct. 14 --- Hicks recused herself from the case. Replaced by Jack W. Burtch.

Oct. 21 --- Convention of Diocese of Upper South Carolina passed a resolution calling on the PB and Lawrence to meet.

Oct. 24 --- Bp Waldo, of Upper SC, met with Lawrence in Columbia SC to deliver the resolution.

Nov. 1 --- Lawrence meets with Standing Committee, 10:30-4:00. The SC unanimously voted to call a special convention of DSC within 30 days of any action of TEC against Lawrence. The purpose of the convention would be to disassociate from TEC.

Nov. 2 --- Bp. Waldo, of Upper SC, met with the PB in NYC.

Nov. 15 --- Lawrence announced he had issued quitclaim deeds to all parishes in DSC. Logan sent letters to parishes on Nov. 16.

Nov. 22 --- DBB met by conference call.

Nov. 28 ---DBB announced that it could not certify that Lawrence had abandoned the communion.

Nov. 29-Dec. 1 --- Provincial bishops met and discussed the quitclaim deeds. Lawrence did not attend.

Dec. 5 --- Bp Clifton Daniel, of East Carolina, wrote to Lawrence asking for a meeting.

Dec. 6 --- Lawrence met with Standing Committee, 10:30-5:00.

Dec. 9 --- Standing Committee of DSC sent a letter to Daniel challenging his right to "interfere" in DSC.

Dec. 14 --- 6 bishops met with Lawrence in Charleston to discuss the quitclaim deeds, 1:00-3:30 p.m. No outcome.


Jan. 10 --- Standing Committee met 10:30-3:30.

Jan. 14 --- Church Pension Fund presentation 10:00-4:30.

Feb. 2 --- Diocesan Council met 10:30-1:15; Deans met 1:15-3:45.

Feb. 7 --- Standing Committee met 10:30-4:15.

Feb. 8-11, Lawrence in Virginia to meet with students and faculty of Virginia Theological Seminary.

Feb. 19-23 --- Lawrence in Pennsylvania to visit Trinity School for Ministry.

March 10 ---at the annual DSC convention Bp Lawrence criticized TEC on issues of "Fatherhood of God, the Uniqueness of Christ, liturgical innovations, the ordination of women, the blessing of same-sex unions, communion of the unbaptized," but emphasized "The possible departure from Christian Teaching on Marriage is the most disconcerting of all." Resolution passed: ..."we commit ourselves to the defense of Christian marriage as it has been traditionally understood..."

Mar. 13 --- Lawrence in Toronto, Canada, as guest of Ephraim Radner.

Mar. 15-19 --- Lawrence in Camp Allen TX for House of Bishops.

Mar. 21-24 --- Lawrence in Orlando for consecration of Greg Brewer as new bishop of Central Florida.

Mar. 23 --- Melinda Lucka, an attorney in Charleston, sent a letter of Complaint against the Rt. Rev. Mark Lawrence to the Rt. Rev. F. Clayton Matthews, Bishop for Pastoral Development, of TEC, charging Lawrence had operated DSC in violation of the canons of TEC, specifically Title IV, Canons 3 and 4. This Complaint was advanced to the Disciplinary Board for Bishops. It was signed by: Robert R. Black, Barbara G. Mann, David W. Mann, Robert B. Pinkerton, Mrs. Benjamin Bosworth Smith, the Rev. Colton M. Smith, III, John Wilder, Virginia C. Wilder, Eleanor B. Koets, John Kwist, Margaret S. Kwist, M. Jaquelin Simons, Patricia P. Riley, Thomas W. Riley, Charles G. Carpenter, Margaret A. Carpenter, Frances L. Elmore, Cynthia L. Harding, Flint Harding III, Dolores J. Miller, Warren Mesereau, Eleanor Horres, and the Rev. Roger W. Smith. This letter became the basis for the action of the DBB; on Sept. 18 the DBB voted to charge Lawrence with abandonment of communion.

Mar. 26-27 --- Standing Committee held retreat at Camp St. Christopher.

April 23-27 --- Lawrence attended GAFCON Leaders Conference in London; Lawrence addressed the Guildford Diocesan Evangelical Fellowship of the Church of England Evangelical Council on Apr. 25.

May 1 --- Standing Committee met 10:00-3:00; directed delegates to GC to: file a minority report, refrain from worship, and walk out immediately after the passage of the same-sex blessing rites. Committee also discussed a booklet by Greg Snyder, "When Should We Divide?"

May 2 --- Lawrence met with deputies to General Convention, 2:00-4:15.

May 22-25 --- Lawrence traveled to Wisconsin for Nashotah House meetings.

June 5-7 --- Lawrence attended the Province IV bishops' meeting at Kanuga, NC.

June 9 --- Anglican Church in North America (ACNA) named Steve Wood, rector of St. Andrew's, Mt. Pleasant, as bishop of its Diocese of the Carolinas.

June 11 --- Lawrence in Atlanta for Summit on Immigration.

June 15 --- Standing Committee of DSC issued statement condemning the upcoming blessing of same-gender unions in the GC.

June 17-22 --- Lawrence took vacation to mountains of VA and TN.

June 26 --- Lawrence met with deputies to General Convention, 1:00-3:00.

June 30 --- TEC started disciplinary proceedings against 9 bishops including former SC Bp Salmon for their role in supporting court actions against TEC in the case of Ft. Worth.

July 3 --- Lawrence in Indianapolis for General Convention.

July 10 --- DSC delegates spoke in opposition to Resolution AO49, the authorizing of liturgy for the blessing of same gender unions. Resolution adopted. The rite was to be optional at the discretion of the diocesan bishop.

July 11 --- Lawrence and 5 DSC delegates walk out of GC. 2 remain. 12 bishops drew up a declaration condemning the passage of the same-sex blessing resolution; Salmon and Skilton signed, Lawrence did not.

July 12 --- Lawrence returned to Charleston.

July 13 --- Lawrence wrote letter to the diocese.

July 15 --- Lawrence's letter was to be read in all churches in DSC. Condemned CO29, AO49, DO02, DO19 (the first deals with communion, the others with rights for homosexuals and transgendered persons).

July 16 --- Lawrence met Council of Advice (Standing Committee), 1:00-5:30.

July 17 --- Lawrence met Standing Committee, 10:30-1:30.

July 18 --- Lawrence met deans, 1:15-3:45.

July 25 --- Lawrence met with clergy of DSC at St. Paul's of Summerville, 1:00-4:15. He reported that he told the House of Bishops in executive session at the GC that he could no longer in good conscience continue in the convention and that he had grave doubts that he could continue as a bishop in the Episcopal Church. He told the clergy that TEC had crossed a line he could not cross, and announced a few weeks absence "on mountaintops and in deserts." Lawrence thus made it clear to the clergy that in all probability he would not continue in TEC.

July 30-August 15 --- Lawrence on vacation in California, Utah, Colorado, Nevada in "discernment for diocese and my ministry."

Aug. 21 --- Lawrence met with DSC Standing Committee, 10:30-3:00 and with his lawyers 3:00-4:00. Lawrence presented a plan of action. The Committee unanimously approved it. No other information was revealed at the time. All of the meetings of the bishop and his executive committees between August 21 and Oct. 18 were private and the proceedings were kept secret except for selected leaks. The decisions of the committees were not revealed to the public, even to the clergy of the DSC, before Oct. 19. Thus by all appearances the move to "disassociate" from TEC came in August and September from Lawrence himself. It was approved by the small diocesan leadership at the top. No one else was consulted at the time.

----- Members of the Standing Committee ("Board of Directors") 2012-13: Rev. Paul Fuener, Chair; Clergy: John Barr, Tripp Jeffords, Greg Snyder, Ken Weldon, Andrew O'Dell; Laity: Reid Boylston, Ed Mitman, Elizabeth Pennewill, Bill Lyles, Ann Hester Willis, Suzanne Schwank.

Aug. 22 --- Lawrence met deans, 1:30-4:00, apparently to give them the Standing Committee's resolution.

Aug. 25 --- Lawrence attended, but did not participate in, the consecration of Steve Wood as bishop of the ACNA Diocese of the Carolinas.

Aug. 27 --- Lawrence and Wade Logan met in Columbia SC with Bishop Waldo and Belton Ziegler. Lawrence agreed to talk with the PB. Afterwards, Waldo arranged a meeting of Lawrence and Waldo with the PB on Oct. 3. Lawrence did not tell Waldo about the "secret plan" of Aug. 21.

Aug. 28 --- Lawrence met the Diocesan Council, 10:30-2:00.

Sept. 9 --- Cathedral church of St. Luke and St. Paul voted 55-10 to break from TEC.

Sept. 13 --- Lawrence met Board of Trustees, 11:00-2:00.

Sept. 18 --- the DBB certified that Lawrence had abandoned the communion of TEC on three counts: 1-having presided over a diocesan convention , Oct. 10, 2010, that voted to remove accession to the canons of TEC, 2-having amended the corporate charter on Oct. 19, 2011 to remove reference to the Episcopal Church, and 3-having issued quit claim deeds he showed open renunciation of the Episcopal Church.

Sept. 18 --- Lawrence in conference with Logan and Runyan; Lawrence met Standing Committee; Standing Committee requested of Lawrence an interpretation of Canon XXXVII, concerning right of diocese to secede from TEC [Lawrence presented a response to SC on Oct. 2]. Lawrence announced to Committee suspension of ordinations "because of the vow to conform to the doctrine, discipline, and worship of the Episcopal Church."

Sept. 19 --- Lawrence met Bishop Waldo, 11:00-1:15, had lunch in Waldo's home. Lawrence did not reveal his secret plan to Waldo.

Sept. 22 --- Lawrence issued a statement saying he and Standing Committee were in agreement on a plan of action. No other information was released to the clergy or the general public.

Sept. 27-30 --- Lawrence in Fort Worth TX to lead a retreat.

Oct. 2 - a.m. --- Lawrence met his lawyers and Standing Committee 9:30-12:30. Lawrence presented a 16-page response to questions from standing committee of Sept. 18: he ruled DSC is sovereign and free to secede from TEC. The Committee unanimously voted in secret session to leave TEC if any action were taken by TEC against Lawrence. The DSC "withdraws its accession to the Constitution and Canons of the Episcopal Church and disaffiliates with the Episcopal Church by withdrawing its membership from the Episcopal Church. The decision shall be effective immediately upon the taking of any action of any kind by any representative of the Episcopal Church against The Bishop..." This was the action that prompted Lawrence's rejection of TEC measures on Oct. 17.

Oct. 2 - p.m. --- Lawrence traveled to NYC.

Oct. 3 --- 10:00 PB met with Waldo and Lawrence in NYC. Lawrence did not reveal the Standing Committee resolution to the other two [they learned of it on Oct. 17]. Discussed "creative solutions" to a way forward. No specific proposal. Lawrence flew to Pittsburgh in the evening.

Oct. 4-5 --- Lawrence in Pennsylvania for Trinity School for Ministry board meeting. He returned to Charleston on the evening of the 5th.

Oct. 9 --- PB asks for private meeting with Lawrence in Atlanta on Oct. 13. On Oct. 10 Lawrence rejected the offer of the meeting. (Nick Zeigler, former Chancellor of DSC, died on Oct. 8. His funeral was on Thursday, Oct. 11 at St. John's of Florence, Lawrence participating. Lawrence told an assembly at St. John's on Oct. 27 [I was present] that Zeigler's death was "providential" because it gave him a reason to decline the proposed meeting with the PB.)  Thus, the final in-person meeting of Lawrence and PB was on Oct. 3.

Oct. 10 --- Lawrence met Council of Advice (Standing Committee), 10:00-12:45.

Oct. 10 --- PB received a certification from DBB on Lawrence.

Oct. 11 --- Lawrence in Florence for funeral of Nick Ziegler.

Oct. 11 --- PB requested a phone call with Lawrence and chancellor of DSC Oct. 15-17.

Oct. 15 --- 12:00 p.m., Lawrence in conference call with Presiding Bishop, the Disciplinary Board for Bishops, and Wade Logan. PB placed a restriction on the exercise of ministry by Lawrence. Hard copies sent. PB asked this to be kept confidential and she wanted another meeting. This restriction temporarily removed Lawrence from all ministry in TEC. He would have 60 days in which to make a written appeal to the PB who could remove the restrictions at her discretion; or he would be formally tried by the HOB at its next meeting, in March 2013. A meeting of PB was to be held with Lawrence, Waldo and their chancellors in NYC on Oct. 22. Lawrence immediately ignored all that the PB had said.

By rejecting the PB's order, Lawrence abandoned his consecration vow to conform to the discipline of TEC.
--- 1:30 p.m., Lawrence held a conference call with the Council of Advice (Standing Committee), ending confidentiality. Apparently Logan, Lawrence and Standing Committee agreed that the diocese automatically disassociated from TEC under terms of the resolution of Oct. 2. That afternoon proceeded with bishop's duties.

Oct. 16 --- Lawrence met deans 10:30-12:30, and Council of Advice (Standing Committee), 2:00-6:30.

Oct. 17 --- In phone call, Lawrence told PB that confidentiality was impossible because of previous secret resolutions of the Standing Committee; announced to PB the resolution's "disassociation" of the diocese from TEC retroactive to noon on Monday October 15, the moment of the "restriction." Thus, Oct. 15 was the time of the schism. Since Lawrence remained as bishop of the "disassociated" diocese, he made a de facto renunciation to the PB on Oct. 17 of all ties to the Episcopal Church as of Oct. 15. He did not make a written renunciation.
p.m.--- Lawrence released to the public the news of the "disassociation" of DSC from TEC. Press release from the DSC office announced the call of a special convention to be held November 17, St. Philip's, Charleston "for relevant constitutional and/or canonical changes."

---News of Disciplinary Board action and of the purported disassociation first publicly announced, posted on major Internet outlets. 
---The names of the members of the committee making the complaint (see Mar. 23) to DBB were revealed by Lucka.

Oct. 19 --- Lawrence met with clergy of DSC and informed them of the restriction of the PB, which he called irrelevant, and the previously made secret resolution of the Standing Committee that had automatically severed ties of DSC and TEC. He announced to the clergy that the DSC had already separated from TEC. Thus, the clergy had had no input into the decision to leave TEC. He also said he had cancelled a scheduled meeting with the PB on Oct. 22 (see Oct. 15).

Oct. 20 --- the Rev. Kendall Harmon, Canon Theologian of DSC, issued a press release for DSC declaring "The Diocese of South Carolina is no longer part of TEC." 
---3:45, Lawrence spoke by phone with PB.
--- The Rev. Canon James B. Lewis released a news report that the committee of 14 represented the Board of the Episcopal Forum. Thus, he asserted, the "attack" on Bp Lawrence was initiated and directed by the Forum. This was not correct.

Oct, 22 --- Lawrence held a conference call with Council of Advice (Standing Committee).
--- 1:00 Lawrence spoke by phone with the PB.

Oct. 25 --- Letter of support for Lawrence from the Chair and the Secretary of the Global South Primates Steering Committee, the Most Rev. Mouneer Hanna Anis and the Most Rev. Ian Ernest.

Oct. 26 --- Representatives of PB met with a group of laypeople and clergy to discuss steps for a Steering Committee to reorganize the ongoing TEC diocese of SC. Tisdale was leader in setting up the Committee.

Oct. 27 --- Lawrence held a "forum" at St. John's of Florence where he announced "I am no longer an Episcopalian" and went on to say "I am a bishop in the one holy Catholic, and Apostolic Church," therefore entitled to conduct services. He declared he was in an all-out war with TEC. Afterwards, he presided at the altar and conducted a confirmation in disregard of his "restriction.'. [I was present.]

Oct. 29 --- DSC Standing Committee (meeting as Board of Directors) amended the Bylaws of the Corporation (see Dec. 16, 2010). Ruled out any "outside influence" (TEC) over the Board.

Nov. 6 --- 10:30-4:00, Lawrence met Standing Committee. Committee directed Runyan to take all legal measures necessary to "protect" the diocese and its property.

Nov. 7-9 --- Lawrence at clergy conference, Camp St. Christopher.

Nov. 7 --- an e-mail was sent to most of the clergy of DSC announcing a Clergy Day for the Diocese" at Church of the Holy Communion, Charleston. It used the seal and names of the DSC. Retired Bp vonRosenberg (vonR) [retired Bp of East Tenn] was to attend the meeting as "advisor."

Nov. 8 ---DSC office issued a statement denouncing the Nov. 7 e-mail. Holy Communion declined to host the meeting.
DSC filed petition in Office of Patents and Trademarks in the U.S. Department of Commerce to trademark the titles of Diocese of South Carolina. Later dropped.

Nov. 9 --- TEC issued on "Perspectives." a "Fact Sheet: The Diocese of South Carolina."

Nov. 11 --- Several newspapers published a letter from the Steering Committee of the ongoing Episcopal diocese. Members of the committee:
Hillery P. Douglas, Chair; Erin P.Bailey, Secretary; Rev. James E.Taylor, Treasurer; Holly H. Behre, William P. Baldwin, Dr. Charles C. Greer, Lonnie Hamilton III, Margaret S. Kwist, Rev. Richard C. Lindsey, Rebecca S. Lovelace, Rev. Wilmot T. Merchant II, John D. Sands, Rev. Calhoun Walpole, Virginia C. Wilder.

Nov. 14 --- DSC published in newspapers an open letter from Lawrence, co-signed by 69 clergy denouncing TEC and calling meeting of Nov. 17.

Nov. 15 ---Conservative Bp Daniel Martins, of Springfield, called on Lawrence to "step back from the brink."
PB issued a pastoral letter "to the saints in South Carolina." She declared that a diocese could not leave TEC "by its own action," that the clergy would be bound by the canons, and TEC would support the ongoing diocese.
Continuing diocese held a clergy day at St. Mark's, Charleston, presided over by vonR. 60-70 in attendance.

Nov. 17 --- special convention of DSC, St. Philip's, Charleston. 42 parishes and 12 missions were represented by 170 lay delegates. Lawrence announced DSC had withdrawn from TEC but remained "an extra-provincial diocese" in the Anglican Communion. Three resolutions passed   1-ended all ties to TEC and reaffirmed Lawrence as bishop,  2-changed diocesan constitution to remove all references to TEC,  3-likewise amended the canons of the DSC.

Nov. 20 --- DSC Standing Committee passed resolution directing Runyan to file a lawsuit against TEC.

Nov. 27 --- Lawrence met Board of Trustees.
--- The Anglican Communion Institute, a conservative think tank strongly critical of TEC, sent an open letter to the bishops of TEC denouncing the PB and leadership of TEC while defending Lawrence.

Nov. 28 --- Lawrence officiated at the funeral of Rt. Rev. Haynsworth in chapel of Bishop Gadsden (Church retirement home, James Island). Bp Allison gave eulogy. By Skilton attended. By Salmon did not attend.

Nov. 30 --- Lawrence held conference calls with Trustees and Council of Advice (Standing Committee).

Dec. 4 --- Lawrence met Standing Committee, 10:30-2:30.

Dec. 5 --- 12:45 p.m., PB informed Lawrence by phone that she had accepted his renunciation of the ordained ministry in TEC and had released him from all Holy Orders in TEC effective immediately. She issued an official "Release and Removal." This was based on Lawrence's actions and words of Nov. 17. She had consulted with all the heads of the provinces of TEC and found a majority vote among them to support the decision. In spite of official revocation of ordination as a bishop, Lawrence and DSC insisted Lawrence was still a bishop, and the only legitimate bishop of DSC.
--- Lawrence issued a letter to DSC rejecting the PB's assertions as "superfluous" and proclaiming continued function as the bishop of DSC.

Dec. 8 --- the ongoing diocese announced a special convention on Jan. 26 at Grace Episcopal Church, Charleston, to elect a provisional bishop. The PB was to attend.

Dec. 11-16 ---Lawrence in CA (Lawrence's mother died on Dec. 12).

Dec. 19 --- PB announced the call of the special convention of the diocese on Jan. 26, 2013.

Dec. 20 --- DSC issued a statement denouncing the PB's use of term "Diocese of South Carolina" and claimed ownership of the term.

Dec. 27 --- "Gay Christian Movement Watch, a Blog Upholding Biblical Standards of Sexuality" named Lawrence to its "12 Heroes of the Faith" list for 2012 along with the likes of Don Cathy, owner of Chick-fil-A.


Jan. 3 --- Lawrence reported to Standing Committee that LARCUM (consortium of Lutheran, Anglican, Roman Catholic, and Methodist bishops in SC) had told L he could not read scripture or say prayers in their meetings. L announced he would not attend. Bishop vonR was later recognized by LARCUM.

Jan 4 --- DSC filed suit in state Circuit Court (The Court of Common Pleas for the First Judicial Circuit), in St. George, Dorchester County, against TEC claiming ownership of all official titles and seal and property. Co-signed by 17 parishes. This was the first lawsuit: DSC sued TEC.

Jan. 4 --- DSC Trustees issued new Bylaws naming Mark J. Lawrence personally (rather than as bishop) as the President of the corporation (see Mar. 17, 2010).

Jan. 8 --- The Living Church magazine announced that a petition was online asking for non-litigious resolution of the problem in SC. It called for 1,000 signatures. Two months later, 220 had signed.

Jan. 10 --- ongoing Episcopal Church diocese announced the nomination of vonR as provisional bishop to be elected by the special convention of Jab. 26.

Jan. 22 --- DSC entered an Amended Complaint in the Circuit Court (see Jan. 4) adding 15 parishes and St. Andrew's of Mt. Pleasant as plaintiffs. This brought the number of parishes participating to 32.

Jan. 23 --- Circuit Judge Diane S. Goodstein issued ex parte a Temporary Restraining Order barring anyone from using official names of the DSC except Lawrence and 24 others. Hearing set for Feb. 1. The Order was personally served to TEC faithful:   George Hawkins, Virginia Wilder, Callie Walpole, Lonnie Hamilton, James E. Taylor, Erin Hoyle, Barbara Mann, Melinda Lucka, Charles vonRosenberg, John Buchanan, Steve Skardon, and Michael Wright.

Jan. 25-26 --- Visit of the PB. Jan. 25, Special Convention of "The Episcopal Church in South Carolina" at Grace Episcopal Church, Charleston.
Special Convention [I attended]:
Festival Choral Eucharist with the PB as Celebrant and Preacher [sermon followed by loud protests from Lawrence's supporters who claimed she maligned him].
The election and investiture of the Bishop Provisional, vonR.
Election of the Standing Committee, 6 clergy and 6 lay (Revs. Richard Lindsey, David Williams, Colton Smith, J. Michael A. Wright, Wilmot T. Merchant II, Calhoun Walpole;  Virginia C. Wilder, Melinda A. Lucka, Hillery P.Douglas (Chair), Rebecca Lovelace, Erin Elizabeth Bailey, Lonnie Hamilton III).
Election of the Diocesan Council, 6 clergy and 6 lay (Revs. Mark Brinkman, George Tompkins, Roy Hills, Wil Keith, Jeff Richardson, John Zahl, Nancy Bailey, Holly Behre, Alesia Rico Flores, Mary Ann Foy, Dr, Charles Geer, Barbara Mann).

Jan. 31 --- Judge Goodstein issued a Temporary Injunction extending the Jan. 23rd Temporary Restraining Order indefinitely. Both parties had agreed to this earlier in the day. vonR has until April 4 to respond. The Injunction was personally served to:  Charles vonRosenberg, Melinda Lucka, and Michael Wright.

Feb.-Mar. --- about 11 parishes and missions remained in "discernment" as to which of the two bishops to follow. Typically both bishops visited, separately, the local churches. Old St. Andrew's was one. It printed a 15-page transcript of Lawrence's remarks. It voted 189-64 on Feb. 24 to follow Lawrence.

Feb. 27 --- the DSC lawsuit of Jan. 4 was amended to include The Episcopal Church in South Carolina(ECSC) as a defendant. TEC and ECSC have until April 4 to respond. This is the Second Amended Complaint (Jan. 4 and Jan. 22). It added 3 parishes as plaintiffs for a total of 35, including the non-DSC parish of St. Andrew's, Mt. Pleasant. The Second Amended Complaint was personally served to:  Thomas Tisdale, Charles vonRosenberg, and Virginia Wilder.

March 5 --- vonR filed suit ("Complaint") in the federal court in Charleston (United States District Court for the District of South Carolina, Charleston Division) against Lawrence asking the court to declare vonR has authority to act as bishop of the Diocese of South Carolina and not Lawrence. The Complaint is 21 pages. (See Sept. 19, 2019)

March 7 --- vonR filed a motion for a preliminary injunction (Plaintiff's Motion for a Preliminary Injunction) with the U.S. District Court in Charleston against Lawrence (see also Mar. 5). Court papers totaled 276 pages. Lawrence has until Mar. 25 to respond. Lawrence asked to have until April 13 to respond. The Motion asked for an injunction to prevent Lawrence from acting as the bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina.

Mar. 8 --- TEC issued a press release that an Accord had been reached in the matter of Conciliation involving the dioceses of Fort Worth and Quincy. Salmon was one of the nine bishops who signed the Accord.

March 8-9 --- annual convention of ECSC at Grace Episcopal Church, Charleston. 42 clergy present, 18 parishes, 12 missions, 5 worshipping communities. St. Mark's Chapel, Port Royal, was admitted as a mission. The Episcopal Church Executive Council approved grant up to $185,000 to the diocese. The Executive Council granted a line of credit of $250,000. Resolutions to return accession to TEC C and C.

March 8-9 --- annual convention of DSC, in Florence. 35 parishes and 13 missions present; 2 worshipping communities (North Charleston and North Myrtle Beach). Preacher at Mar. 8 Eucharist was the Rt. Rev. Keith Ackerman, Bishop Vicar of the [Anglican] Diocese of Quincy. Resolutions to remove all accession to TEC C and C and to support "Anglicans for Life," an anti-abortion group.

--- DSC Standing Committee (meeting as Board of Directors) 2013-14: Rev. Greg Snyder, Chair; Clergy: Shay Gaillard, Tripp Jeffords, Arthur Jenkins, Andrew O'Dell, Ken Weldon; Laity: Dorothy Bowen, Frank Kirk, Ed Mitman, Elizabeth Pennewill, Suzanne Schwank, Bill Lyles.

March 19 --- DSC filed a "Motion for Partial Summary Judgment" in the Court of Common Pleas for the First Judicial Circuit (state, County of Dorchester). This was a "move for partial summary judgment that the control of The Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South in its duly elected and authorized Board of Directors all as alleged in Plaintiff's Second Amended Complaint." Served to Tisdale, vonR, and Virginia Wilder. [Note-there has been no response to this motion. Apparently pending.]

DSC filed a "Motion for Contempt on Behalf of the Plaintiffs the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina, and the Trustees of the Protestant Episcopal Church in South Carolina, a South Carolina Corporate Body," a move for a "citation of contempt" against TEC, ECSC, and "persons in active concert or participation with them" [these persons were not enumerated]. [Note-there has been no response to this motion. Apparently pending.]

March 28 --- TEC filed "Answer and Counterclaims of the Episcopal Church to Second Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief," in the Court of Common Pleas for the First Judicial Circuit (state court, Dorchester County). ECSC filed "Answer, Affirmative Defenses, and Counterclaims of the Episcopal Church in South Carolina to Second Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief" in the same court.

March 28 --- Lawrence filed "Motion to Dismiss or in the Alternative to Abstain or Stay Proceedings" and "Defendant Lawrence's Memorandum in Support of his Motion to Dismiss or in the Alternative to Abstain or Stay Proceedings" in the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina Charleston Division. Lawrence claimed the right of state jurisdiction. (See Mar. 5 and 7, 2013).

April 3 --- ECSC filed "Notice of Removal" from the Court of Common Pleas, County of Dorchester, First Judicial Circuit, State of South Carolina to United States District Court, District of South Carolina (Charleston).

April 7 --- vonR began sending out letters to the canonically resident clergy of the old Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina asking for clarification of each one's allegiance and gives a two-week period for response. vonR offered to meet with each of the clergy persons. The majority of the recipients who had adhered to Lawrence refused to respond to the letters.

April 10 --- the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina (DSC) and co-plaintiffs filed "Plaintiffs' Motion to Remand" and "Plaintiffs' Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion to Remand" in U.S. District Court. Lawrence argued that this is a property dispute and must properly be decided in state court. (See Mar. 5 and 7, 2013).

April 16 --- DSC Standing Committee resolved to compose a letter for all clergy to return to vonR as a mutual response (see April 7).

April 22 --- vonR filed "Reply to Defendant's Response to Plaintiff's Motion for a Preliminary Injunction" in the U.S. District Court. (See Apr. 10, 2013).

April 29 --- ECSC filed "Defendant's Response to Plaintiff's Motion to Remand" in the U.S. District Court arguing in favor of First Amendment protection.

June 6 --- Hearing was held in U.S. District Court, in Charleston, by Judge C. Weston Houck on the issue of whether the court lawsuits should be continued in the U.S. District Court (federal) or in the Circuit Court (state). In the 45-minute hearing, Houck heard arguments from the two sides and asked questions of the lawyers. vonR was present with four lawyers. Lawrence was present with 25-30 lawyers. Lawrence's lawyers, primarily Alan Runyan, argued that the issue was a local one that should be decided by state court under "neutral principles of law." This implied the matter was essentially about ownership of properties. Presumably this would lean to the Lawrence side. vonR's lawyers argued the issue was a federal one as a national religious organization claimed first amendment rights to manage its own affairs. This implied the matter was essentially about the rights of an hierarchical church. Presumably this would lean to the vonR side. Houck concluded that he expected to provide a written ruling within about a week.

June 10 --- Judge Houck issued an Order granting the Plaintiff's (Lawrence) motion (of March 28) to remand the lawsuit to the Circuit (state) court. Houck rejected vonR's claim of a First Amendment issue and cited the All Saints Waccamaw (All Saints, Pawleys Island) ruling of 2009 applying "neutral principles" regarding religious denominational property disputes. The Order means that the adjudication will proceed in the Circuit (state) court where the DSC side expects to have the advantage.

June 10 --- The Executive Council of TEC voted to respond to a request from ECSC and expand the credit line to ECSC by $300,000 to a total of $550,000 by the end of 2013. Council members also asked the presiding officers to appoint a covenant committee to report on the work of ECSC to the council's Joint Steering Committee on Local Ministry and Mission. The Council also allocated an additional $785,000 for San Joaquin.

June --- Hearing set in Court of Common Pleas, First Judicial Circuit (Dorchester County, Judge Diane Goodstein) for July 11, 2013. Five actions were pending before Goodstein at this point:
1-DSC and 35 parishes v. TEC and ECSC for legal status as Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina (see Jan. 4).
2-DSC "Motion for Partial Summary Judgment..." (see Mar. 19).
3-DSC "Motion for Contempt..." v. TEC, ECSC, and "persons in active concert..." (see Mar. 19).
4-TEC "Answer and Counterclaims..." (see Mar. 28).
5-ECSC "Answer, Affirmative Defenses..." (see Mar. 28).

June --- Hearing set in U.S. District Court (Judge C. Weston Houck) for August 8, 2013. Two actions were pending before Houck:
1-vonR v Lawrence for legal right as bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina (see Mar. 5).
2-vonR "Motion for a Preliminary Injunction..." v Lawrence to prevent Lawrence from acting as bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina (see Mar. 7).

June 21 --- Lawrence attended the Anglican Church in North America's Provincial Council meeting and House of Bishops meeting at Nashotah House in Wisconsin announcing "we are presently an 'extra-provincial' diocese, not in any formal or officially ecclesial way..." thus postponing indefinitely a union of DSC with ACNA or any other "Anglican" group.

June 21 --- the Standing Committee of ECSC voted to initiate action against the 103 priests and deacons of the old diocese who had not adhered to vonR. vonR then sent a Notice of Restriction on the 103 clergy. These clergy have 60 days in which to declare loyalty to the Episcopal Church and its representative vonR or be removed from the ordained ministry of TEC. Sixty days would end on August 20.

June 23 --- ECSC announced its list of "Clergy in Good Standing in The Episcopal Church in South Carolina as of June 21, 2013." The list contains names of 63 priests and 11 deacons, about one-third of the pre-schism diocese. The names include: the Rev. Ladson Mills II, a frequent critic of TEC at; the Rev. Dr. Robert Munday, a former dean at Nashotah House, a rector of a DSC parish, and an assistant rector of a DSC parish. 

June 25 --- vonR issued a letter giving a Notice of Restriction on the 103 clergy of the old diocese found to have abandoned TEC.

June 26-27 --- Meeting of the bishops of TEC Province IV, the twenty dioceses in the southeastern U.S., in Charleston. Twenty-five bishops and one bishop-elect announced their intention to attend, including retired Suffrigan Bishop of SC, Skilton.

July 10 ---, a conservative website, posted a copy of the June 25 letter from vonR stating that the Standing Committee of ECSC had voted to declare that 103 priests and deacons of the old diocese had abandoned the Episcopal Church. Names were listed in alphabetical order.

July 11 --- Judge Goodstein set a timetable allowing 90 days to complete written discovery and allowing 120 additional days for the taking of depositions, concluding Feb. 5, 2014. After that, a trial date will be set. Goodstein asked the two sides if they would settle with mediation. Tisdale and Beers agreed; Runyan refused.

August 8 --- Judge Houck of the U.S. District Court in Charleston heard arguments from both sides on Lawrence's March 28 motion asking the court to dismiss or to abstain from the March 5 suit of vonR against Lawrence. Houck did not hear arguments on vonR's March 7 motion against Lawrence. Houck announced he would rule in about a week on Lawrence's March 28 motion.

August 23 --- Judge Houck issued an "Order" dismissing the suits filed by vonR against Lawrence (Mar. 5 and 7) stating "the Court Declines to exercise jurisdiction over this action in deference to the pending state court action." However, the ruling left the door open for vonR to reinstate the case if the state court does not dispose of all issues involved. Houck stated in his Order that Lawrence had renounced his ordained ministry and that the Episcopal Church is hierarchical.

August 23 --- the Standing Committee of ECSC met and approved vonR's recommendation that the 103 restricted clergy be "released and removed" rather than "deposed." (Under Title IV, Canon 16 (8), Section 4 of the C and C of TEC.

August 26 ---this week, Notice of Removal letters, signed by vonR, were sent to the 103 previously restricted priests and deacons (app. 60% of old diocese).

Sept. 9 --- Lawrence met at Camp St. Christopher with bishops of four Episcopal splinter groups, ACNA, Reformed Episcopal Church, PEARUSA [Rwanda], and Diocese of the Holy Cross, all with interests, and overlapping jurisdictions in the Lowcountry. Apparently Bishop Charles Murphy, of Pawleys Island, was not present.

Sept. 16 --- vonR filed a "Motion for Reconsideration" in the U.S. District Court in Charleston asking Judge Houck to reconsider his August 23 ruling. 

Sept. 19---ECSC made a motion in Circuit Court to compel DSC to produce all correspondence between Lawrence and Alan Runyan prior to Nov. 17, 2012. (denied on Nov. 7, 2013; see below)

Sept. 30 --- vonR filed a motion to vacate the Temporary Injunction (see Jan. 21) in the Circuit Court.
 --- vonR filed a motion in Circuit Court asking for an injunction to stop DSC from using official names and marks of the Diocese of South Carolina.

Oct. 2 --- Judge Goodstein, of the Circuit Court, denied a motion of ECSC to add as defendants twenty-three persons of the Standing Committee and Trustees of DSC stating that this was not necessary and that these individuals are immune under state law from being sued.

Oct. 11 --- Judge Goodstein, of the Circuit Court, denied vonR's motions (see Sept. 30) to vacate the Temporary Injunction against ECSC and to make an injunction against DSC.

Oct. --- Lawrence attends GAFCON II conference in Nairobi, Kenya (Oct. 21-26). On Oct. 23, the Archbishop of Canterbury made a video address to the assembly defending western attitudes towards sexuality: "We all live in different contexts and the challenge overlaps but is slightly different wherever we live. We are dealing with very rapid changes of culture in the Global North and the issue of sexuality is a very important one. How we respond rightly to that - in a way that is holy, truthful, and gracious - is absolutely critical to our proclamation of the gospel." On biblical literalism, he said "It doesn't mean being unanimous, all saying exactly the same thing in exactly the same way." Both of these points are scarcely veiled criticisms of the distinctly conservative attitudes of Third World oriented GAFCON, a potential rival to the traditional Anglo-centric Lambeth conferences.

GAFCON issued two statements: GAFCON 2013: The Nairobi Communique," and "The Nairobi Commitment." These created a new administrative structure in the Anglican Communion for conservatives and reiterated their condemnation of homosexuality.

Nov. 7---Judge Diane Goodstein, of the Circuit Court issued "Order Denying the Defendant TECSC's Motion to Compel Dated September 19, 2013 (see Sept. 19 above). (See Jan. 13, 2014 for the appeal of this order.)

Nov. 25---ECSC filed a motion in the First Circuit Court of Common Pleas (state court) to have four names added as parties in the lawsuit filed by DSC (see Jan. 4) against TEC: Mark Lawrence, Jim Lewis, Jeffrey Miller, and Paul Fuener. It contained two very serious charges that could potentially change the whole trajectory of the litigation:  "In or around 2006, Lawrence made an agreement with members of the Standing and Search Committees of the Diocese to lead a scheme to withdraw the Diocese from The Episcopal Church in return for their votes electing him Bishop of the Diocese;" and "Beginning in or around 2009, the Additional Parties began executing a conspiracy to take away the Diocese's assets..." Thus, the motion holds that Lawrence and the others carried out a premeditated conspiracy to defraud the Episcopal Church and should be held liable. (Judge Goodstein denied this motion on Dec. 30. see below)

Dec. 18  ---The Rev. Thomas M. Rickenbaker made an affidavit for the Circuit Court stating that in 2005, when he was rector of St. Paul's, in Edenton, North Carolina, he was visited by the Rev. Gregory Kronz, the chair, and the Rev. Paul Feuner, a member, of the SC Bishop's Search Committee. In interviewing him for possible candidacy, he said they made it clear they wanted the new bishop to lead the diocese out of TEC and to take the property along. He rejected the idea and was dropped from consideration. Feuner disputed this claim in a Charleston Post and Courier interview of Dec. 30, 2013.

Dec. 27 --- ECSC filed in Circuit Court "TECSC's Memorandum in Support of its Motion to Join Additional Parties," 14 pages.

Dec. 30 --- DSC filed in Circuit Court "Plaintiff's Response to Defendant the Episcopal Church in South Carolina's Notice and Motion to Join Additional Parties," 14 pages.

--- Judge Goodstein, of the Circuit Court,   1-denied ECSC's motion to add four names as parties;  2-set the date of May 2, 2014, for the conclusion of the discovery phase;  3-said that July 2014 would be the earliest time she could announce a date for the trial.


Jan. 9---U.S. District judge Patrick Michael Duffy ruled that the Church Insurance Company of Vermont must provide coverage for ECSC in the lawsuit brought by DSC against the Episcopal Church and then ECSC (see Jan. 4, 2013).

Jan. 13---Attorney Tisdale, for ECSC, filed "Appeal from Dorchester County, Court of Common Pleas," in the Court of Appeals, state of South Carolina (in Columbia, SC) seeking to have Judge Goodstein's order of Nov. 7, 2013, overturned. If the appeals court should agree, all correspondence between Lawrence and Runyan prior to Nov. 17, 2012 would have to be turned over to the lawyers of ECSC. (See Mar. 18; court rejected ECSC appeal.)

Jan. 14---Judge C. Weston Houck, of the U.S. District Court for the District of South Carolina, Charleston Division," issued an "Order denying ECSC's motion (September 16, 2013; see above) for reconsideration of Houck's ruling of August 23, 2013.

Jan. 15---DSC filed a motion in the Court of Appeals, state of South Carolina to dismiss ECSC's motion of Jan. 13. This leaves two official motions pending in the appeals court 1-ECSC's motion to overturn Goodstein's ruling of Nov. 7, and 2-DSC motion to dismiss ECSC's motion.

Jan. 17---Judge Goodstein, of the circuit court, denied a request from the DSC lawyers to proceed with the taking of depositions from persons on the pro-ECSC side pending a ruling from the appeals court (see Jan. 13).

Jan. 24---ECSC filed a response to the DSC motion of Jan. 15 in the Court of Appeals.

Feb. 5---ECSC filed an appeal of Judge Houck's Jan. 14 ruling in which he refused to reconsider his decision of Aug. 23, 2013. It was filed in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. ECSC made the original lawsuit in the U.S. court on March 5, 2013 (vonRosenberg v. Lawrence).

Feb. 6---DSC asked the SC Supreme Court to intervene in ECSC's appeal to the SC Court of Appeals. DSC claims that Judge Goodstein's ruling is "unappealable" and that ECSC is only using delaying tactics. ECSC did not oppose this motion.

Feb. 21-22 --- ECSC held its annual diocesan convention at All Saints, Hilton Head. Delegates voted again to restore all ties to TEC. Five missions were admitted into union with the diocese: The Episcopal Church on Edisto, Good Shepherd of Summerville, St. Anne's of Conway, St. Catherine's of Florence, and St. Francis of Charleston (West Ashley).

Mar. 5 --- U.S. District Judge Patrick Duffy denied a motion to reconsider his Jan. 9 ruling.

Mar. 15 --- DSC held its annual convention at Christ Church, Mt. Pleasant. Resolutions offered: R-1, join Global Fellowship of Confessing Anglicans and affirm the Jerusalem Declaration of 2008; R-2, Bishop will appoint a discernment committee to recommend an affiliation; R-3, Global South oversight council; C-1, standards for clergy; C-2, standards of parish membership; C-3, the rector has authority over the parish, including property; C-4, on removal of parishes and missions from union with DSC; C-5, worship by TEC service books only; C-6, standards for lay pensions. All passed unanimously or nearly so except for C-3 that gave the rector control of the property. It was tabled, that is, withheld from vote.

Mar. 18 --- The SC Court of Appeals rejected ECSC's motion of appeal entered on Jan. 13, 2014. Soon thereafter, DSC asked Judge Goodstein to lift her "stay" order of Jan. 17. Goodstein did not respond.
--- DSC began issuing subpoenas "commanding" depositions from at least 14 persons on the ECSC side: Holly Behre, Robert Black, Bishop John C. Buchanan, Lonnie Hamilton III, George M. Hearn, Jr., Bishop Dorsey Henderson, Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori, Melinda Lucka, Barbara Mann, Steve Skardon, James E. Taylor, Bishop Charles vonRosenberg, Callie Walpole, Michael Wright.

Mar. 25 --- ECSC filed a Petition for Rehearing of the Order Dismissing the Appeal with the South Carolina Court of Appeals on the grounds of the merits of the case (see Jan. 13, Jan. 15, Jan. 24, Mar.18).

Mar. 25 --- The Episcopal (TEC) Diocese of Fort Worth announced a plan to appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court the Texas Supreme Court's Mar. 21 decision against the TEC diocese. The deadline to apply in the U.S. Supreme Court is June 19, 2014. If the high court chooses to accept the case, their decision would have immediate impact on the South Carolina litigation.

Mar. 27 --- DSC filed a motion with Judge Goodstein to lift the stay (see Mar. 18).

Mar. 28 --- ECSC filed an opposition with Judge Goodstein on the DSC motion of Mar. 27.

Mar. 31 --- On or about Mar. 31, lawyers for DSC issued 14 subpoenas (see Mar. 27) commanding persons on the ECSC side to appear and give official depositions to DSC lawyers in preparation for the trial set in the Circuit (state) Court in July 2014. Subpoenas were officially sereved to: 1-George M. Hearn, Jr. (Apr. 11), 2-Holly Behre (Apr. 30), 3-Robert Black (Apr. 29), 4-Bishop John C. Buchanan (Apr. 16), 5-Lonnie Hamilton III (Apr. 29), 6-Bishop Dorsey Henderson (Apr. 24), 7 "Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori (Apr. 23), 8-Melinda Lucka (Apr. 30), 9-Barbara Mann (Apr. 28), 10-Steve Skardon (Apr. 14), 11-James E. Taylor (May 2), 12-Bishop Charles vonRosenberg (Apr. 22), 13-Callie Walpole (Apr. 21), 14-Michael Wright (Apr. 25).

Mar. 31 --- ECSC filed "TECSC's Notice and Motion to Quash Subpoenas Issued by the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina and the Trustees of the Protestant Episcopal Church in South Carolina and to Hold Them in Contempt of Court" with the Court of Common Pleas for the First Judicial Circuit (state court, Dorchester County, Judge Goodstein). This asked Judge Goodstein to 1-stop DSC's subpoenas for depositions (see Mar. 18) and 2-hold DSC in contempt of court for ignoring Goodstein's "stay" order of January 17.

April 1 --- ECSC filed "Certificate of Service" with the Court of Common Pleas for the First Judicial Circuit (see Mar. 31). This was to certify that ECSC had sent notices of the action on Mar. 31 to all forty lawyers of DSC and its parishes.

April 4 --- The Supreme Court of South Carolina issued an Order that the ECSC appeal to the SC Court of Appeals be moved to the SC Supreme Court.

April 7 --- ECSC filed with the U.S. Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit (Richmond VA) an "Opening Brief of Appellant" (vonRosenberg) for its appeal from the U.S. District Court in Charleston (Judge Houck) (see Feb. 5). The brief is 53 pages. It argues that Lawrence violated the Lanham Act and relies heavily on a 1976 U.S. Supreme Court decision, Serbian Eastern Orthodox Church v. Milvojevich in which the court deferred to a hierarchical church.

April 8 --- Judge Goodstein announced a trial date of July 7 and 8, 2014, in the Circuit Court, Dorchester County Courthouse, St. George, SC. This is the suit originally brought by DSC against the Episcopal Church, Jan. 4, 2013.

April 8 --- ECSC filed with Judge Goodstein, "TECSC's Notice and Motion for Immediate Hearing" requesting immediate action on ECSC's motion of Mar. 31.

April 11 --- The first deposition of a person on the ECSC side was scheduled for this day: George M. Hearn, in Myrtle Beach. 13 other depositions have bee scheduled until May 2. Hearn was subpoenaed and "commanded" to appear for the deposition.

Apr. 18 --- Through her law clerk, Judge Goodstein advised all the attorneys on both sides that because ECSC's petition for reconsideration (see Mar. 25, Apr. 4) is before the SC Supreme Court, the proceedings in her court are stayed, or suspended until the Supreme Court issues a ruling. This means that for the time being, DSC will not be allowed to take depositions from the other side (see Mar. 31).

Apr.23 --- ECSC announced its next annual diocesan convention will be Fri. Nov. 14 and Sat. Nov. 15, 2014, at Church of the Holy Communion, Charleston.

Apr. 27 --- GAFCON Primates' Council issued a "Communique" denouncing homosexuality and equating the backlash against the new Anti-Homosexuality Act in Uganda to the earthquake in Chile and terrorist violence in Kenya. Abp. Duncan of ACNA signed the Communique.

Apr. --- Bp vonRosenberg one of five bishops in South Carolina to sign an open letter to the people of South Carolina entitled "Statement on Public Education" giving their unqualified support to public education in the state.

May 2 --- The virtueonline website reported that Bishop Nazir-Ali, Visiting Bishop in DSC, told a conference in PA "I think it is very unlikely that the Archbishop of Canterbury will recognize the ACNA [Anglican Church in North America] in any formal sense." DSC is the only one of the five secessionist dioceses that has not joined ACNA.

May 3 --- Episcopal Forum hosted conference "Enthusiastically Episcopalian in South Carolina," Holy Cross Faith Memorial Episcopal Church, Pawleys Island, led by Presiding Bishop Jefferts Schori, Bishop vonRosenberg, the Rev. Gay Jennings, president of the House of Deputies, and a delegation from the Episcopal diocese of Pittsburgh.

May 7 --- The South Carolina Supreme Court issued an "Order" denying ECSC's request for a rehearing of the dismissal of the appeal in the SC Court of Appeals (see Mar. 25 and Apr. 4). The proceedings can now resume in the Circuit Court, Dorchester County.

May 8 --- Bishop Andrew Waldo, of Upper South Carolina, announced a process by which clergy of the diocese may perform blessings of same-sex unions. (see July 10, 2012). Waldo called Lawrence and informed him of the new policy.

May 16 --- Judge Goodstein  issued an order denying ECSC's motion to add four individuals to the suit. (See Nov. 25, 2013). ECSC filed a motion to reconsider with Judge Goodstein (see June 6).

May --- Bp Lawrence appointed the Task Force for Provincial Affiliation:  Craige Borrett, chair, Bruce McDonald, Peet Dickinson, Elizabeth Pennewill, Tripp Jeffords, John Benson, Jeffrey Miller, Karen Kusko, Ken Weldon, John Foster, David Thurlow, Julius Thompson. 8 of the 12 are on the standing committee and diocesan council. 10 of the 12 are males (the 2 women are on the standing committee). 7 of the 12 are clergy. The chair serves at Christ/St. Paul's with Kendall Harmon.

June 3 --- Lawrence made a deposition in Thomas Tisdale's law office for the Circuit Court. The process lasted five hours. The transcript of remarks ran to 188 pages. Entered as Exhibit D-24 in the court trial on July 23, 2014.

June 6 --- Bishop vonR led a large delegation to TEC Province IV synod at Kanuga NC and presented a report.

--- Judge Goodstein denied ECSC's motion to reconsider her denial (May 16) of their motion to add four individuals to the suit (see June 23).

June 19 --- Episcopal Diocese of Fort Worth announced it had filed an appeal of the Texas Supreme Court ruling to the U.S. Supreme Court.

June 23 --- Separatist diocese of Ft. Worth waived right to respond to TEC appeal of June 19.

June 23 --- ECSC filed an appeal with the SC Court of Appeals seeking to overturn Judge Goodstein's denial of request to add four individuals to the suit (see May 16, June 6).

July 3 --- Judge Goodstein ordered that the trial in the Circuit Court must begin on July 8.

--- SC Court of Appeals dismissed ECSC appeal of June 23 as well as the appeal submitted on July 3. This cleared way for trial in the Circuit Court.

July 8 --- Trial began in Circuit Court, Judge Goodstein presiding, Dorchester County Courthouse, St. George, SC. Plaintiffs opened first questioning of witnesses on the independent diocesan side.
--- Bp vonR issued a letter announcing the permission of the rite for the blessing of same-sex unions in the Episcopal Church diocese.

July 21 --- The Episcopal Church in SC (ECSC) diocese joined the Presbyterian Church (USA) and the United Methodist Church in submitting an amicus brief in support of the Episcopal Church diocese of Ft. Worth in its appeal to the United States Supreme Court against the secessionist element claiming to be the legitimate Episcopal Diocese of Ft. Worth. The Greek Orthodox Church also joined.

July 24 --- Regarding the secessionist case of Quincy, the Appellate Court of Illinois, Fourth District, ruled on TEC's appeal from the Circuit Court of Adams County denying the appeal and upholding the lower court's ruling that followed "neutral principles" and found in favor of the secessionist diocese of Quincy.

July 25 --- The trial in the Circuit Court (see July 8) ended today after fourteen days of proceedings. Judge Goodstein announced it would be at least ninety days before she would hand down her ruling.

July 28 --- The U.S. Supreme Court requested a response from the separatist diocese of Ft. Worth to the June 19 appeal of TEC. (See June 19, June 23). Answer due by August 27. The TEC appeal is on the official docket of SCOTUS for the Conference scheduled for September 29, 2014. The justices will decide whether to take the case. (see August 19)

August 19 --- The U.S. Supreme Court issued an order extending the deadline for response (see July 28) to September 26, 2014.

August 21 --- The Most Rev. Mouneer Anis (Chair of Global South, Primate of Jerusalem & Middle East) and the Most Rev. Ian Ernest (Secretary of Global South) issued a letter to the independent diocese to "welcome" the March diocesan convention's (see March 15) resolution asking for primatial oversight from Global South. Lawrence sent a letter to diocese announcing this. Neither letter gave any detail about the arrangement which remains a complete mystery.

Sept. 16 --- the Rev. H. Dagnall Free, Jr. was reinstated as a priest in good standing in the Episcopal Church in South Carolina. Free had been removed and released as a priest in 2013 after his decision to leave the Episcopal Church in the schism of 2012. He had remained on the staff of St. John's, Johns Island, one of the schismatic parishes.

Sept. 26 --- Separatist diocese of Ft. Worth filed a response in the U.S. Supreme Court (see Aug. 19). Court removed the Ft. Worth case from Sept. 29 Conference docket pending a reassignment.

Sept. 29 --- The U.S. Supreme Court let stand the decision of the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals overturning the same-sex marriage law in Virginia. The Fourth Circuit includes South Carolina.

Oct. 3 --- The Archbishop of Canterbury said in an interview that the Anglican Church in North America (ACNA) is "not part of the Anglican Communion."

Oct. 9 --- Lawrence participated in the consecration ceremony for the new archbishop of the Anglican Church in North America held in Atlanta but did not serve as one of the chief consecrating bishops.

Oct. 15 --- The Episcopal Church petition (see Sept. 26) to the U.S. Supreme Court distributed for the Oct. 31 Conference for a decision of the justices on whether to accept.

November 3 --- The U.S. Supreme Court denied the Episcopal Church petition on Fort Worth. (see June 19 and after).

Nov. 14-15 --- The Episcopal Church in South Carolina held its annual diocesan convention at Church of the Holy Communion, Charleston. Three new missions admitted, making a total of 30 local churches in the Episcopal Church diocese: Church of the Messiah in Myrtle Beach, East Cooper Episcopal Church at Mt. Pleasant, and the Episcopal Church in Okatie. 

Nov. 19 --- Legal same-sex marriages begin in SC. On Nov. 20 the US Supreme Court denied SC's appeal leaving the way clear for the marriages to proceed.

Nov. 26 --- Illinois state supreme court refused to accept TEC's appeal of the Illinois Fourth Circuit Court of Appeal decision favoring the secessionist diocese of Quincy.

Dec. 2 --- Bp vonR informed the Rt. Rev. William Skilton that he was not to administer the sacraments in ECSC. Skilton had been Suffragan Bp of DSC 1996-2007, and remains an Episcopal bishop. After the schism he had continued to celebrate Eucharist in DSC. By self-declaration, DSC severed all ties to TEC as of the schism of Oct. 15, 2012.

Dec. 3 --- ECSC announced that it had reached a settlement with the Church Insurance Company of Vermont. U.S. District judge Patrick Duffy had ruled on Jan. 9 in favor of ECSC and had reaffirmed his order. Settlement details undisclosed but apparently favorable to ECSC which is a self-sustaining diocese.

Dec. 4 --- DSC issued an e-newsletter stating that DSC originally estimated its litigation against TEC and ECSC to cost $2m, apparently all of which will have to come from its app. 21,000 communicants. It declared unilaterally that God is on DSC's side: "God's love and grace has permeated all we have done and said in the litigation process." DSC said it is raising $1.5m from parishes and is asking at least $500k from individual communicants. This is in view of the fact that DSC initiated the lawsuit against TEC (thus ignoring St. Paul).

Dec. 10 --- Lawyers for DSC and for ECSC submitted "Orders" or requests for judgment to Judge Goodstein of the circuit court. This  cleared the way for the judge to issue an official decision soon.

Dec. 12 --- Professor Wesley Hill, an assistant professor at Trinity School for Ministry and an openly homosexual man, gave a presentation at St. John's (DSC) on Johns Island. Hill holds that homosexuality is in-born and that gay persons should remain celibate while developing "spiritual friendships." Hill's view contradicts the traditional evangelical view that homosexuality is a choice, not a natural state.

Dec. 15 --- DSC website posted an open letter from Bp Skilton, a letter from vonR to Skilton and a letter from Skilton to vonR. (see Dec. 2 above). On Dec. 2, Bp VonR withdrew Skilton's right to administer sacraments in ECSC.


Jan. 21 --- Mark Lawrence, bishop of the independent diocese, requested, and received, the resignation of Haden McCormick as rector of St. Philip's (DSC) parish, Charleston, effective in April of 2015. This came after a five months discussion among bishop, vestry, and rector. McC had been rector for 15 years and a stalwart ally of Lawrence.

Jan. 28 --- The U.S. Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals, in Richmond, Virginia, heard oral arguments in the case of vonRosenberg v. Lawrence. ECSC had appealed the decision of U.S. District Judge Houck from August 23, 2013. Houck had refused to take the case in deference of the ongoing litigation in the state circuit court. ECSC had asked the U.S. District Court to recognize vonR and not Lawrence as the legitimate bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina. The Fourth Circuit will issue a decision in a few months either dismissing ECSC's appeal or accepting it and sending the case back down to the U.S. District Court in Charleston to be reconsidered. The panel of three judges at the hearing on Jan. 28 were: Diana Motz (chair), Roger Gregory, and James Wynn, Jr.

Feb. 3 --- Judge Diane Goodstein, of the state circuit court, issued her "Final Order" in the lawsuit of DSC (the independent diocese) against TEC (the Episcopal Church) and ECSC (the Episcopal Church in South Carolina) (see Jan. 4m 2013). She ruled entirely in favor of DSC and against TEC and ECSC. The Order awarded all the property, names and insignia to DSC following the "neutral principles" standard. The trial in this case was held in July of 2014 (see July 8, 25). TEC and ECSC are most likely to appeal this to the South Carolina Court of Appeals.

Feb. 6 --- In official statements from DSC, Canon Jim Lewis and Bp. Lawrence declared the Feb 3 court decision to be the work of God. Lewis: "It should be observed that it is God's grace that has brought us to this day. Legal counsel has affirmed repeatedly that they have experienced God's grace at work in this litigation from start to finish." Lawrence: "Most grateful for the Mighty Hand of God throughout the whole ordeal...move forward with our God-given dreams and missions..."

Feb. 13 --- Lawyers for ECSC and TEC filed a 182-page "Defendant's Notice and Motion for Reconsideration of Final Order," with Judge Goodstein (see Feb. 3) requesting a reversal of her "Final Order." Goodstein's rejection of this request would clear the way for ECSC and TEC to make an appeal of the Final Order to the SC Court of Appeals. (See Feb. 23).

Feb. 18 --- DSC released statistics for diocese, parishes, and missions for the year 2013, the first full year after the schism of Oct. 2012. At the end of 2013 DSC reported 23,181 "baptized members" (23,532 in the same churches in 2011) and 17,999 "communicants" or active church members (21,363 in the same churches in 2011). [Some DSC churches still count TEC members and others as "baptized members" but not as "communicants." This explains the discrepancy in the DSC statistical tables between the near flat line in reported "baptized" and sharp drop in "communicants," or active members.]

Before the schism, DSC listed 26,976 communicants. In the period around the schism, DSC lost a total of 9,829 communicants (5,113 stayed with TEC, 4,716 left DSC churches). As of Dec. 31, 2013, DSC retained 65% of the active membership of the pre-schism diocese. The DSC churches with the largest losses of active members after the schism were: Holy Cross on Sullivans Island (-1,336), St. Michael's of Charleston (-651), Old St. Andrew's of West Ashley (-433), St. Philip's of Charleston (-365), St. Helena's of Beaufort (-353), St. John's of Florence (-277), Trinity of Myrtle Beach (-212), Holy Comforter of Sumter (-126), Cathedral Church of St. Luke and St. Paul (-116), St. James of James Island (-112), Church of the Cross in Bluffton (-102).

Feb. 23, 11:55 a.m. --- Alan Runyan, lead lawyer for DSC, filed in Judge Goodstein's court "Plaintiffs' Response to Defendants' Rule 95(e) Motion to Reconsider." This is a five page response to the TEC and ECSC "Notice..." of Feb. 13. It is mostly a reiteration of trial transcript text. Attached was the harsh order of the Eighth Circuit Court of Illinois, Adams County from Feb. 20, 2015 that reprimanded TEC entirely in favor of the secessionist diocese of Quincy.

Feb. 23, 5:07 p.m. --- Judge Diane Goodstein issued "Order Denying Motion for Reconsideration," a terse two-page rejection of TEC and ECSC's Notice of Feb. 13. Having relied on the 2009 All Saints/Waccamaw decision in her Feb. 3 ruling, Goodstein now declared "The All Saints matter is a separate and distinct matter..." TEC and ECSC lawyers are expected to file an appeal of Goodstein's Feb. 3 decision within 30 days to the SC Court of Appeals.

Feb. 27 --- DSC announced that its Legal Defense Fund had created "The 1785 Society." [1785 was the year Episcopal churches in SC formed a state association.] Anyone can join for $1,785 in exchange for a lapel pin and a group dinner with Bishop Lawrence. The point is to raise $300,000 for DSC's upcoming court costs. DSC reports spending $2,000,000 on legal expenses already.

March 2 --- Judge John P. Chupp, of the 141st District Court, Tarrant County, TX, issued an "Order on Motions for Partial Summary Judgment." It denied the request of the Episcopal Church side and granted that of the secessionist diocese of Ft. Worth. The Order was a terse four sentences without any explanation. (In Jan. of 2011, Judge Chupp had granted the motion of the Episcopal Church side. The secessionists appealed that decision to the TX supreme court which then ruled that the case must be sent back to the lower court to be reheard under "neutral principles." The hearing, very brief, was on Feb. 20, 2015. In effect, the TX supreme court forced Judge Chupp to reverse his original pro-Episcopal Church ruling.)

Mar. 14 --- DSC held its annual convention, Charleston. 5 resolutions presented and passed:   1-Resolution R-1, "Required Bonding of Treasurers" (passed by voice vote);   2- Resolution R-2, "A Resolution Tasking the Standing Committee to Adopt Marriage and Employment Policy" (SC to develop policies promoting traditional marriage only; yes-226, no-4);   3- Resolution R-3, "A Resolution Directing the Task Force to Develop Parish Resources" ("Marriage Task Force" to develop materials for parishes promoting traditional marriage only; yes-235, no-1);   4-R-4, "A Resolution to Adopt a Standing Resolution on Marriage" (a-marriage is only between one biological man and one biological woman, b-changing biological gender opposes God's purpose; yes-216, no-13);   5-R-5, "Resolution to Rescind Standing Resolutions regarding Sewanee" (canonical change to drop trustees to Sewanee; yes-208, no-2). 3 of the 5 resolutions concerned enforcement of "traditional" marriage.

No action on 1-affiliation, 2-resolution tabled last year on giving rector control of local property.
In a "workshop" talk on affiliation, Lawrence suggested DSC would expand beyond its old limits to upper SC and nearby states.

Mar. 24 --- ECSC lawyers filed: 1-"Notice of Appeal" with the SC Court of Appeals, Columbia. This appealed Judge Goodstein's final order of Feb. 3 and denial of reconsideration on Feb. 23. 2-"Motion to Certify" with the SC Supreme Court, Columbia. This requested the transfer of the case from the appeals court to the state supreme court. If the supreme court grants this motion, the case will go directly to the SC Supreme Court.

Mar. 24 --- The Rev. H. Jeff Wallace reinstated as a priest in the Episcopal Church in South Carolina, the second priest to return after the schism.

Mar. 31 --- The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, in Richmond, issued an order overturning Judge C. Weston Houck's decision of Aug. 23, 2013 in which Houck deferred to the state court. A three judge panel unanimously agreed that Houck used the wrong principle for abstention. The order directed the District Court, in Charleston, to rehear the case following the Colorado River rule that requires federal courts to adjudicate cases except for very rare and extreme circumstances. The District Court can 1-abstain but only after clear cause of exceptional circumstance, or 2-render a judgment on the lawsuit.

April 2 --- This week (Holy Week), DSC sent letters to its mailing list containing two items: a note from Mark Lawrence dated Mar. 5 asking support for the 1785 fund, and a letter from the 1785 Society repeating its earlier announcement soliciting donations for the Legal Defense Fund (see Feb. 27).

April 14 --- Lawyers for DSC filed a petition with the U.S. Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals for a rehearing of its March 31 decision to remand the case to District Court under the Colorado River rule.

April 15 --- The South Carolina Supreme Court agreed to hear the appeal of the circuit court decision (Feb. 3, 2015). The Court denied DSC's motion to expedite the case and set the date of Sept. 23, 2015, for oral arguments before the court with no possibility of extension. The two sides will present briefs to the court in the near future. The case will bypass the state court of appeals. South Carolina thus becomes the first time that a state supreme court will issue a judgment on the matter of the legal relationship of the Episcopal Church and one of its dioceses (PA, TX, and IL state supreme courts all refused to judge the issue and left it to the lower courts).

April 16 --- Rev. Jim Lewis, DSC Canon to the Ordinary, posted a letter to his diocese making serious charges against TEC and ECSC: --DSC was engaged in settlement discussions when DSC left TEC in 2012, --TEC has never made a settlement of a lawsuit, --DSC told TEC lawyers in 2013 that it would consider a written offer for a settlement, and there has been none from the TEC/ECSC side. Lewis offered no evidence for these charges.

April 21 --- William Oldland installed as rector of St. Bartholomew's, in Hartsville. He had served for eight years as rector of St. David's, in Cheraw. He left there in late 2014. Following decline in membership after the schism, St. David's found it could not afford a full-time rector. St. David's was one of numerous small parishes and missions affected by the declining membership in DSC.

April 28-29 --- Lawrence and other leaders of DSC held a conference with Foley Beach and other leaders of the Anglican Church in North America at Camp St. Christopher to discuss possibilities of the affiliation of DSC with ACNA. The meeting ended without a statement.

April 29 --- The U.S. Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals issued an Order denying DSC's petition for rehearing (see Apr. 14). This means the U.S. District Court in Charleston must reconsider Judge Houck's decision of abstention (see August 2013).

May 15 --- Attorneys for TEC and ECSC filed an initial brief in their appeal to the SC Supreme Court (hearing set for Sept. 23, 2015). The 51-page paper criticized Judge Goodstein's circuit court Order of Feb. 3 on process, procedure, and findings and suggested that since Goodstein's decision was so replete with errors the state supreme court should start over (de novo) with the case. The DSC side has 30 days to file a response.

May 19 --- Bishop Hector Zavala, primate of the Anglican province of South America and member of primates' committee of Global South, met with the DSC Diocesan Council "so you can continue being part of the Anglican Communion."

May 20 --- DSC hosted informal receptions in Summerton and Charleston for the public to talk with Bishop Zavala. Zavala: "I'm here with you today with the consent of the Archbishop of Canterbury." He may have implied the ABC approved of Global South's primatial oversight of DSC. He said the majority of Anglicans in the world "recognize" DSC as "part" of the Anglican Communion.

May 25 --- Lambeth Palace, the office of the Archbishop of Canterbury, announced that the ABC had been informed of the Global South primate's decision to set up primatial oversight when he joined them for their final day (Cairo; Feb. 15) and that the ABC had had discussions "exploring the exercising of pastoral, not episcopal oversight by Bishop Zavala."

May 29 --- Church Times, the official Church of England newspaper, published the announcement that Lambeth Palace had sent by e-mail to this author on May 25.

June 1 --- Thomas Tisdale, chancellor of ECSC sent a letter to the DSC lawyers offering to negotiate a settlement. He offered to surrender all claims to the properties of the 35 parishes in the lawsuit against TEC and ECSC in return for the legal rights, property, and assets of the pre-schism diocese. He said the Presiding Bishop had approved the offer. (see June 15)

June 11 --- Judge Houck, of the U.S. District Court, in Charleston, held a procedural hearing with the attorneys of DSC and ECSC. DSC lawyers had already filed a motion with Houck to dismiss the case. Houck gave DSC attorneys until June 30 to present a brief in support of their motion (see June 30). He also gave ECSC attorneys 15 days afterwards for them to submit a response brief (see July 15). Houck is under direction of the U.S. Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals (see Mar. 31) to reconsider the case following the Colorado River standard that requires federal courts to adjudicate federal law except for rare circumstances. The case in federal court charges violation of a federal law, the Lanham Act. See: Mar. 5-7, 28, June 6, 10, Aug. 8, 23, 2013.

June 15 --- DSC rejected Tisdale's offer of June 1 to negotiate a settlement and issued press releases denouncing what they saw as the malevolent motives, policies, and procedures of the TEC side.

June 15 --- Attorneys for the independent diocese submitted their response brief (see May 15) to the South Carolina Supreme Court basically arguing that the court should affirm its 2009 decision in the All Saints case which overruled the Dennis Canon and recognized the All Saints, Pawleys Island, claim of local ownership of the property.

June 17 --- gunman massacred nine persons in Emanuel A.M.E. Church on Calhoun Street in Charleston. The next day, bishops vonR and Lawrence issued similar statements calling for prayers, fellowship of grieving, support for the whole community, self-examination, and a seeking of ways forward in healing, reconciliation and peace in Charleston and in South Carolina.

June 25 --- 78th General Convention of TEC (June 25-July 3) opened in Salt Lake City. ECSC delegation: Bishop vonR, Clergy: Jim Taylor, Wilmot T. Merchant, II, Richard Lindsey, Michael Wright; Laity: Thomas Tisdale, Lonnie Hamilton, Mary Ann Foy, Andrea McKellar. SC delegation enthusiastically participating in GC for first time in three decades. Two former bishops of South Carolina, Salmon and Skilton, attended GC but did not take seats with the SC delegation. 

June 25 --- TEC and ECSC lawyers filed "Initial Reply Brief" with the South Carolina Supreme Court in response to DSC lawyers' brief of June 15 (see May 15, June 15). The 25-page paper argues the circuit court's decision (see Feb. 3) violates the First Amendment and neutral principles.

June 26 --- The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in favor of the legality of same sex marriage in the U.S. DSC issued a statement affirming its stand for heterosexual marriage only.

June 26 --- President Obama delivered the eulogy at the funeral of the Rev. Clamenta Pinckney at College of Charleston. The vice president, a delegation from Congress, and Hillary Clinton also attended.

June 27 --- The Rt. Rev. Michael Bruce Curry, the bishop of the Diocese of North Carolina, was elected 27th Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church. He won 70% of the vote on the first ballot (121 of 174). He will be the first Presiding Bishop who is African American.

June 30 --- Attorneys of Mark Lawrence filed "Memorandum in Support of Defendant Lawrence's Supplemental Motion to Dismiss or in the Alternative to Stay Proceedings" in the U.S. District Court in Charleston (see June 11, 2015). They argued that the state court (see Feb. 3, 2015) had already settled the issues at hand and asked the court to either dismiss this case or issue a stay pending the upcoming state supreme court decision. (See ECSC response of July 15, 2015).

July 1 --- General Convention of TEC adopted same-sex marriage for the Church. Two resolutions passed House of Bishops (June 29) and House of Deputies (July 1)overwhelmingly to provide for trial liturgy and canonical change allowing same-sex marriage in the Episcopal Church starting Nov. 29, 2015 in places where civil law permits this. Bishop vonR and the ECSC delegation voted unanimously in favor of both resolutions.

July 2 --- "Communion Partners Salt Lake City Statement" issued by 18 bishops in dissent of July 1 actions by GC on marriage equality. While criticizing the resolutions, the Statement declared loyalty to TEC. 2 who signed were Salmon, retired bishop of South Carolina, and Skilton, retired bishop suffragan of South Carolina. (Skilton voted against the resolutions favoring marriage equality in the House of Bishops on June 29. Salmon was not on the list of bishops voting). In response to the Communion Partners Statement, the House of Bishops issued a declaration, "Communion Across Difference" emphasizing the diversity and unity of the Episcopal Church.

July 4-7 --- GAFCON elements denounced the TEC resolutions on marriage equality. These were prominently displayed on the Titus One Nine website, the quasi-official site of DSC. On July 4, Global South issued a statement declaring TEC had contradicted God's plan. It was signed by nine Anglican primates of Africa, Asia, and South America (Zavala). On July 6, GAFCON issued a statement under the signatures of the primates of Nigeria and Kenya denouncing TEC's action and reasserting its support for the replacement Anglican Church in North America. On July 7, the Anglican primate of Uganda strongly criticized TEC's reform and "their imperialist commitment to export it to the rest of the Anglican Communion." (General Convention had passed resolution AO51 "Support LGBT African Advocacy" directing TEC to act in aid of "(LGBTI) sisters and brothers in Africa.")

July 15 --- Attorney Tisdale filed "Plaintiff's Memorandum in Opposition to Defendant's Supplemental Motion to Dismiss or in the Alternative to Stay the Proceedings" in the U.S. District Court in Charleston (see June 11 and 30, 2015). Tisdale argued that the state court action was not parallel to the federal court's and that the court must follow the Colorado River principle as directed by the Fourth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals.

July 21 --- Bp vonR announced that same-sex marriage will begin in ECSC on November 29, 2015. (See July 1)

July 24 --- Judge Chupp, district court, Tarrant Co TX, 141st district, issued "Final Judgment," a terse four-page statement finding all in favor of the secessionist diocese of Ft. Worth (see March 2, 2015). The TEC diocese of Ft. Worth is expected to appeal this decision to the 2nd Court of Appeals, a state appeals court of 7 justices (6 women, I man; all elected) located in Ft. Worth with jurisdiction over 12 counties. This court has not considered this case. Chupp's original decision favoring the TEC diocese was appealed directly to the TX Supreme Court which sent it back to Chupp with orders to follow neutral principles, hence today's ruling. (see Dec. 3).

Sept. --- DSC announces creation of Anglican Leadership Institute offering a first semester in Jan. 2016 and a second semester in Sept. 2016. Its purpose is to train "orthodox" Anglican "leaders." Applicants must sign a statement rejecting both marriage equality for homosexuals and the Episcopal Church.

Sept. 2 --- Rev. Jim Lewis, assistant to Mark Lawrence, issued a press release for DSC calling for prayers for courtroom victory in the upcoming state supreme court hearing and giving an official prayer for DSC: "It is our prayerful hope that the state Supreme Court will uphold this decision [Goodstein's] in its entirety." Lewis continued the theme (see Feb. 6, 2015) that God is on DSC's side: "Recognizing that divine favor which has overshadowed us from the beginning..."

Sept. 21 --- Judge Houck, of the U.S. District Court, in Charleston, issued "Order" granting Lawrence's motion to stay proceedings pending the resolution of the state supreme court case. (See June 11, June 30, and July 15, 2015)

Sept. 23 --- The South Carolina Supreme Court held a hearing on the TEC/ECSC appeal of Judge Goodstein's Order of Feb. 3, 2015. In time, the justices will issue a written decision.

Oct. 6 --- DSC Standing Committee adopted "A Statement of Faith," from the Marriage Task Force. The Statement declared: --the Bible the "final authority," --the bishop the "final interpretive authority," --God assigned gender to all human beings, --that altering one's gender is "in conflict" with God's will, --marriage is only for one woman and one man for lifetime, --sexual intimacy "is to occur only between a man and a woman who are married to each other," --and all employees and "leaders" of the diocese must "agree to abide" by the Statement of Faith.
Committee also adopted "Additions to Diocesan Employee Handbook," also from the Marriage Task Force, requiring "all persons employed by the Diocese in any capacity, or who serve as leaders" to sign an oath of allegiance to the Statement of Faith, and giving the bishop the right to "discharge" employees at will.  

October 10 --- Mark Lawrence "ordained" to the priesthood Martha Horn, the first woman he has ordained to the priesthood and the first woman ordained priest in DSC since the schism of 2012.

October 14-16 --- Global South primates met in Cairo: agreed to attend Jan. meeting called  by the Archbishop of Canterbury; condemned the Episcopal Church; praised Mark Lawrence; recognized Anglican Church in North America and made its Archbishop a member of the Primates' Council.

October 19-21 --- Foley Beach, Archbishop of ACNA, addressed the Fall Clergy Conference of DSC: "the discussion was frank."

October 19 --- Thomas Tisdale, chancellor of ECSC, filed "Notice of Appeal" with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit (Richmond) appealing Judge Houck's "Order" of Sept. 21 granting a stay in the suit of VonRosenberg v. Lawrence that had been remanded to Judge Houck by the U.S. Court of Appeals (see Mar. 31; Sept. 21)

Nov. 1 --- The Most Rev. Michael Curry installed as XXVII Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church at the Washington National Cathedral. A delegation of 11 communicants from ECSC attended.

Nov. 3 --- DSC Standing Committee adopted "A Facilities Use Policy" requiring anyone using church facilities to sign an oath recognizing the Statement of Faith and giving the bishop approval over all facility usage. This is meant to prevent same-sex marriage ceremonies on DSC church properties.

Nov. 5 --- ECSC, Diocesan Future Committee formed to study models for future development of diocese and report to annual convention.

Nov. 13-14 --- ECSC held its diocesan convention at Holy Cross/Faith Memorial Church, Pawleys Island. St. Mark's, Port Royal, admitted as a parish (mostly refugees from schismatic St. Helena's of Beaufort); Grace Church, Charleston, designated as the cathedral of the diocese.

Nov. 29 --- Same-sex marriage began in the Episcopal Church, at the discretion of the local bishop, and in ECSC.

Dec. 3 --- The Episcopal Diocese of Ft. Worth and the Episcopal Church filed briefs in the Court of Appeals, 2nd District of Texas asking overturn of July 24 decision.


Jan. 4 --- DSC began its first month-long "semester" of its Anglican Leadership Institute with 14 students. Applicants could get full scholarships, but all applicants were required to sign a pledge rejecting both marriage equality and the Episcopal Church.

Jan. 11 --- The Archbishop of Canterbury opened a meeting of the 38 primates of the independent provinces of the Anglican Communion, in Canterbury. It is scheduled to last for five days.

Jan. 12 --- In the primates' gathering, Uganda made a motion to ask the withdrawal of TEC and the Anglican Church of Canada. The motion failed to carry. The Ugandan primate left Canterbury.

Jan. 13 --- In the primates' gathering, a motion was made to remove TEC from AC for three years; voted down 15-20. An agreement was adopted to impose sanctions on TEC for three years [one report said vote 26-yes, 3-no, 6-abstentions].

Jan. 14 --- Bishop Charles vonRosenberg announced he will retire as bishop provisional of the Episcopal Church in South Carolina soon after June 26, 2016.

Jan. 14 --- At their Canterbury gathering, the Anglican primates released an official statement. It prescribed "consequences" (punishment) for the Episcopal Church: suspension from official functions in the Anglican Communion for three years. The offense identified causing this "consequence" was TEC's disturbing the unity of the AC by alteration of its marriage canons to allow same-sex marriage.

Jan. 15 --- Presiding Bishop Curry and House of Deputies president Gay Jennings said TEC will not change any policy on homosexuality. Jennings said she would attend the Anglican Consultative Council in April and participate fully.

Jan. 15 ---- Final Communique of primates' gathering issued, Canterbury Jan. 11-15: --set next Lambeth Conference at 2020, next primates' meetings for 2017, 2019, --rejected criminal sanctions against homosexual people (but not against homosexual acts), --refused to admit the Anglican Church in North America to AC and referred question to the Anglican Consultative Council with discouragement; ACNA archbishop denied recognition as a primate.

Jan. 15 --- ABC held press conference: --apologized to gays on behalf of church, --insisted on word "consequences" for TEC not sanctions or punishment, --stressed unity of AC, --on key questions said "I don't know." --ABC accompanied by 2 primates (Hong Kong and Southern Africa) while 33 were absent including all of GAFCON.

Feb. 15 --- Archbishop of Canterbury made an address to the CofE General Synod giving criteria for membership in the Anglican Communion.

Feb. 11 --- ECSC Standing Committee met Bishop Clay Matthews, of the Office of Pastoral Development (TEC) and resolved to seek a new provisional bishop for ECSC. ECSC will make a nomination of a candidate to be approved by a special convention.

Feb. 22 --- ECSC filed "Opening Brief of Appellant the Right Reverend Charles G. vonRosenberg," in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit (Richmond). This supported ECSC's appeal of Judge Houck's decision (see Oct. 19, 2015) to abstain. The brief presented two main arguments against Houck's abstention: the court did not adhere to the Colorado River standard for abstention, and the federal court was wrong to see this case as parallel to the state court action.

Feb. 23 --- DSC Marriage Task Force issued report establishing condemnation of and diocesan institutional opposition to marriage equality through resolutions of the Standing Committee. Adoption of 4 policies: 1-"A Statement of Faith" (for DSC) (SC Oct. 6, 2015), 2-A Statement of Faith (for parishes), 3-"Additions to Diocesan Employee Handbook" requiring all employees and "leaders" to sign a pledge of allegiance to the Statement of Faith and giving the bishop the right to terminate employment at will (SC Oct. 6, 2015), 4-"A Facilities Use Policy" (SC Nov. 3, 2015) requiring anyone using church facilities to sign an oath not to violate the Statement of Faith and giving the bishop authority over use of the church facilities. This would prevent same-sex marriage ceremonies on all DSC diocesan and local church properties.    

March 12 --- DSC held its annual meeting of the convention in Bluffton. Closed to the public. The task force on affiliation, chosen by Mark Lawrence two years ago, recommended DSC join the Anglican Church in North America. Since this would require the votes of two successive convention meetings, a special convention will be called in the Fall of 2016 and the second and final vote will come in the annual convention of 2017. The ACNA is not recognized by the Archbishop of Canterbury or the Anglican Communion.

April 5 --- The 5th District Court of Appeals in California rejected the appeal of the Anglican Diocese of San Joaquin. This left standing Judge Donald Black's May 5, 2014 decision finding all in favor of the Episcopal Diocese of San Joaquin. All of the rights and assets of the pre-schism diocese are to be relinquished to the EPSJ. ADSJ may ask for a rehearing or appeal to the California Supreme Court. (see 20 April).

April 8-10 --- The Most Rev. Michael Curry, presiding bishop of the Episcopal Church, visited ECSC. He participated in services and programs at several Episcopal churches in Charleston. Details: . The Very Rev. Robert Willis, Dean of Canterbury Cathedral also participated in the visit.

April 8 --- Anglican Consultative Council opened meeting in Lusaka, Zambia (Anglican Province of Central Africa). TEC represented by three delegates. 3 of the 38 provinces boycotted the meeting (Uganda, Nigeria, and Rwanda) to protest TEC. The ABC, the Anglican Secretary-General, and the president of the ACC all defended TEC. Meeting to continue to 19 April.

April 11 --- DSC hosted "Voices of the Anglican Communion" at Cathedral of St. Luke and St. Paul, Charleston, 6-8 p.m. 10 speakers, 6 from Uganda; all from provinces opposed to rights for homosexuals and hostile to TEC.

April 18 --- Anglican Consultative Council (see Apr. 8) rejected the primates' statement (see Jan. 14, 2016) imposing punishment, called "consequences", on TEC.

April 19 --- GAFCON Primates' Council met in Nairobi (until 23 April). Council: Chair, Eliud Wabukala (Kenya), Nicholas Okoh (Nigeria), Stanley Ntagali (Uganda), Henry Isingoma (Congo), Onesphore Rwaje (Rwanda), Daniel Bul (Sudan), Hector Zavala (South America), Foley Beach (Anglican Church in North America).

April 19 --- Texas Second Court of Appeals, in Ft. Worth, held a hearing in the case of the Episcopal Church's appeal of 141st District Judge John Chupp's July 24, 2015 judgment awarding all to the secessionist diocese of Fort Worth.

April 20 --- Anglican Diocese of San Joaquin filed "Petition for Rehearing" with the California Fifth District Court of Appeals (see April 5, May 13).

April 22 --- GAFCON Primates' meeting (see Apr. 19) issued "Nairobi Communiqué 2016," blasting TEC for "deliberately walking away" and the recent Anglican Consultative Council meeting for its "inability" and "damage."

April 28 --- ECSC Standing Committee heard report from its search subcommittee on recommendation of candidate for new bishop. Once the nominee is announced, a special convention will be called for election.

May 13 --- Anglican Diocese of San Joaquin filed a petition with the California Supreme Court on appeal of Judge Black's May 5, 2014, decision that found all in favor of the Episcopal Church side. (see April 20). Since the state appeals court declined to take the case, it is unlikely the state supreme court will accept it. The CA Supreme Court has until July 14 to announce whether it will take the case. If it refuses, Black's decision will stand as the law. (see July 13).

June 29 --- The Rt. Rev. Edward Lloyd Salmon, Jr., died. He was bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina from 1990 to 2008. Although a conservative critic of the Episcopal Church, he opposed secession from the Church.

June 30 --- Episcopal Church in South Carolina announced new nominee to be next provisional bishop, Rt. Rev. Gladstone B. "Skip" Adams III, soon to retire bishop of Central New York. Election will be in special convention, Sept. 10, at Grace Church Cathedral in Charleston. If elected, he will replace Bishop vonRosenberg.

July 13 --- Supreme Court of California denied Anglican petition for review of lower court decision (see May 13). This ended 7 years of litigation in the case of San Joaquin and ended it on the side of the Episcopal Church. Bishop Menees of the Anglican diocese of San Joaquin acknowledged legal defeat and announced the surrender of all properties to the Episcopal diocese.

September 10 --- The Rt. Rev. Gladstone B. "Skip" Adams, III, elected and installed at special meeting of the convention of the Episcopal Church in South Carolina, at Grace Church Cathedral, in Charleston. He succeeded the Rt. Rev. Charles G. vonRosenberg as bishop provisional of ECSC. Bishop vonRosenberg succeeded Bishop Mark Lawrence who abandoned the Episcopal Church on October 15, 2012, and was released and removed as a bishop of the Episcopal Church on December 5, 2012.

November 11-12 --- ECSC held its annual meeting of the convention at Grace Church Cathedral in Charleston.

November 11 --- the Rev. Matt McCormick rejoined the Episcopal Church diocese of South Carolina after having abandoned the Church in the schism of 2012. He was the third priest to leave the schismatic side in South Carolina to rejoin the Episcopal Church.

November 28 --- ABC Justin Welby wrote to the 37 other primates inviting them to convene in Canterbury Oct. 2-7 and reiterating his theme of walking together: "Our battle is not against flesh and blood, least of all against each other...We are all in the one boat."

December 9 --- Hearing in the U.S. Court of Appeals, 4th Circuit (Richmond), on the appeal of TEC/ECSC of Judge Houck's stay of September 21, 2015 (see Oct. 19, 2015, Feb. 22, 2016). (See Feb. 21, 2017).


February 15 --- Synod of the Church of England rejected a bishops' report that declared marriage to be only between a man and a woman.

February 21 --- The U.S. Court of Appeals, 4th Circuit, remanded the case of vonRosenberg v. Lawrence to the U.S. District Court in Charleston for adjudication. The three appeals judges ruled unanimously that the District Court had erred in refusing to hear the case. (see Dec. 9, 2016).

March 11 --- DSC convention voted to join the Anglican Church in North America. Vote was unanimous after Bp Lawrence, Peter Jensen, secretary general of GAFCON, Peter Akinola, "founding father" of GAFCON, and Foley Beach, archbishop of ACNA all lobbied for passage.

March 17 --- the Rev. Catharine Moore Norris was ordained to the priesthood in the DSC, at Holy Cross, Sullivans Island. She is the second woman to be ordained in DSC since the schism. Norris was ordained by Bp Hobby, of the Anglican Dio. of Pitt. Bp Lawrence has ordained only one woman to the priesthood, Martha Horn.

June 8 --- The Episcopal Church of Scotland resolved to allow same-sex couples to marry in its churches.

June 27 --- The Provincial Council of the Anglican Church in North America voted to admit DSC to the ACNA.

July 9 --- The Synod of the Church of England resolved to welcome transgendered people and to explore new liturgies to support the tendsgender process.

July 19 --- Judge Charles Weston Houck died. He was the U.S. District judge, in Charleston, who had handled the federal actions in the Church case (see Feb. 21, 2017). Judge Patrick Duffy assumed the case in the U.S. District Court. The case was later assigned to Richard Gergel.

August 2 --- South Carolina Supreme Court overturned most of the circuit court decision of Feb. 3, 2015 (the hearing was on Sept. 23, 2015). The Court:
1-recognized legal rights of TEC and ECSC, by way of the Dennis Canon, over 29 of the 35 parishes in DSC. 
2-left 7 parishes in local hands. 
3-said Camp St. Christopher belongs to the Episcopal Church diocese.
4-deferred to the federal court the decision on which of the two dioceses should have the legal rights of the old diocese.

August 4 --- ECSC held meeting of all diocesan authorities, clergy, and parish officers, and representatives of the nine missions in exile, at Grace Church Cathedral, to discuss legal issues.

August 8 --- In the U.S. District Court, in Charleston, Judge Gergel (see July 19) issued a scheduling order in the case of vonRosenberg v. Lawrence. Discovery is to be completed by December of 2017. Trial is to be held in March of 2018.

August 9 --- Publication of A History of the Episcopal Church Schism in South Carolina by Ronald James Caldwell. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock. 523 p. $62.00.

August 15 --- The Episcopal Church filed a motion to be enjoined with ECSC in the vonRosenberg v. Lawrence suit in U.S. District Court, Judge Gergel. (see Aug. 8).

August 22 --- DSC filed an opposition to TEC's motion of Aug. 15.

August 23 --- Judge Gergel, issued an "Order and Opinion" granting TEC's motion (see Aug. 15) and dismissing DSC's claims in opposition (see Aug. 22).

August 30 --- With agreement of the two parties, Judge Richard Gergel, of the U.S. District Court, in Charleston, ordered mediation. He appointed as mediator U.S. District Court senior judge, Joseph Anderson. (Court rules direct mediation to begin within 30 days of order.) 

September 1 --- DSC lawyers made request in the South Carolina Supreme Court for a time extension to file Petition for Rehearing. In the request, the lawyers revealed the news that Judge Richard Gergel, on agreement of the two parties, had ordered mediation on August 30. Court denied request for time extension. DSC lawyers then filed three motions of Petition for Rehearing, one for Church of the Good Shepherd, of Charleston, one in general, and one asking for retroactive recusal of Justice Kaye Hearn and vacancy of her opinion in the August 2 Court decision.

September 7 --- South Carolina Supreme Court asked the Episcopal Church in South Carolina to file a response to DSC's petitions for rehearing, of Sept. 1, and to do so within 10 days.

September 18 --- Church lawyers (see Sept. 7)  filed a "Return" with SCSC arguing that DSC's request for rehearing (Sept. 1) was mostly a rehash and that Justice Hearn had a right to judge the case. They asked the SCSC to dismiss DSC's three petitions for rehearing.

September 19 --- TEC side filed "Amici Curiae Brief of The Honorable (retired) William T. Howell and The Honorable (retired) H. Samuel Stilwell in Opposition to Respondents' Motion to Recuse" with SCSC. These retired judges argued that Justice Hearn had every right to participate and that she had broken no ethics rules.
This paper included two addenda: 1-"Affidavit of Rebecca Lovelace" refuting the Rev. Tripp Jeffords' affadavit; 2-"Affidavit of Expert Opinion of Dr. Gregory B. Adams." Adams was a University of SC law professor and specialist in judicial ethics. He argued that Hearn had broken no ethics rules.

September 25 --- DSC filed in SCSC, "Reply in Support of Motion to Recuse the Honorable Justice Kaye G. Hearn..." in response to TECSC's "Return" of Sept. 18. This mostly defended the timeliness of the motion and again called for Hearn to recuse herself.

October 4 --- Organizational meeting for mediation, in Columbia. The two sides, TEC/TECSC and DSC, met with senior U.S. District Judge Joseph Anderson and agreed to set the first mediation session on November 6, 2017. 

October 2-6 --- Anglican primates met in Canterbury. Three boycotted the meeting: Uganda, Nigeria, and Rwanda. Primates issued a Communiqué declaring the Anglican Church in North America not to be a province of the Anglican Communion.

October 13 --- DSC filed with the SC Supreme Court, "Response to Amicus Curiae Brief of the Honorable William T. Howell and the Honorable H. Samuel Stilwell." (See Sept. 19).

November 6-7 --- First mediation session between TEC/TECSC and DSC, in Columbia, led by senior federal district judge, Joseph Anderson. At 10:45 a.m., Nov. 7, the two parties announced a recess in the talks until December 4, 2017. Mediation had been ordered by U.S. District Judge Richard Gergel on Aug. 30, 2017. All legal issues, in federal and state courts, are open for consideration.

November 10 --- The Palmetto Family Council sponsored a move in support of DSC's petitions for rehearing in SCSC: "Brief for 106 Religious Leaders as Amici Curiae in Support of Respondents' Petition for Rehearing."

November 10-11 --- TECSC held 227th annual convention, at All Saints Church, Hilton Head.

November 17 --- The South Carolina Supreme Court responded to DSC's petitions of September 1, 2017. The court issued two "Orders". One denied a rehearing (vote was 2-2; no majority meant denial). The other denied Justice Hearn's recusal (unanimous).

November 17 --- SCSC issued a "Remittitur" order to the circuit court directing the court to enact the Aug. 2 decision.

November 19 --- DSC opened a new lawsuit against TEC/TECSC in state court. It filed "Summons" and "Complaint" in the circuit court, Dorchester County. This demanded payments from TEC/TECSC under the "Betterments Statute" in which the property owner(s) owes reparations to illegal occupants for the improvements they made to the properties in question. (see Nov. 20)

November 20 --- DSC filed "Amended Complaint" in circuit court. (see Nov. 19; September 9, 2019; September 11,2019)

November 21 --- DSC bishop and standing committee announced DSC would appeal the SC Supreme Court decision of Aug. 2 to the U.S. Supreme Court. DSC has 90 days from Nov. 17 decision to submit an appeal to SCOTUS (Feb. 15, 2018).

December 1 --- "Parish Contingency Plan Template" secretly sent to DSC parishes, apparently by DSC officials at diocesan headquarters. This 4-page paper outlined ways for congregations (of the 29 parishes) to leave their buildings and relocate elsewhere. This Plan was released on the Internet on Feb. 21, 2018.

December 4 --- Second round of mediation talks ended abruptly. Mediation recessed a second time, this time until January 11-12, 2018.

December 15 --- The Episcopal Church and the Episcopal Church in South Carolina filed in the circuit court of Dorchester County "Notice of Motion and Motion to Dismiss Complaint." This asked the court to discard DSC's Complaint of November 19, 2017.

December 27 --- DSC lawyers filed "Motion to Establish Complex Case Designation" in support of their Nov. 19 Complaint.


January 10 --- DSC suit of Nov. 19, 2017, in Dorchester County circuit court, assigned to Judge Edgar Dickson "for administrative purposes." This was by direction of Judge Diane Goodstein as the chief administrative judge of that court.

January 12 --- Third session of mediation. At conclusion, no information released and no date set for a subsequent meeting.

January 18 --- TECSC lawyers filed "Notice of Motion and Motion for Pro Hac Vice Admission" in the circuit court, Dorchester County. This was to admit TEC lawyers David Booth Beers and Mary Kostel as attorneys for the Church side in DSC's Nov. 19, 2017 suit. DSC attorney Alan Runyan consented. The Motion was granted on Jan. 31, 2018.

January 23 --- TEC and TECSC submitted a proposal to DSC for a protocol of discussions between TEC/TECSC and the parishes of DSC concerning a settlement. DSC was given until Feb. 2 to respond.

January 25 --- Bishops vonRosenberg and Adams, on the Church side, and Lawrence, on the DSC side submitted in the U.S. District Court, Charleston, "Joint Status Report" giving their views of the progress of the mediation. They agreed the mediation was ongoing and announced TEC/TECSC's proposal (see Jan. 23) and said there had been no progress on diocesan property and Lanham Act issues. TEC/TECSC said it was not opposed to the court's lifting the stay and resuming the case. 

January 26 --- Presiding Bishop Michael Curry presided over the closing Eucharist of the Forma conference at Grace Church Cathedral.

February 2 --- Deadline for Bp Lawrence to respond to TEC/TECSC's proposal of Jan. 23. [At this point, one cannot know the response. It and its contents are covered by the confidentiality of the mediation.]

February 9 --- DSC filed "Petition for Writ of Certiorari" with the U.S. Supreme Court as an appeal of the SC Supreme Court ruling of Aug. 2, 2017. [TEC and TECSC temporarily waived their right to file a response to DSC's petition.] (See June 7)

February 14 --- U.S. District Court judge Richard Gergel lifted the stay in the case of vonRosenberg v. Lawrence which had been in place since Aug. 30 at the start of the mediation process. A trial in this case is expected later this year. 

February 20 --- Bp Lawrence filed a motion in the U.S. District Court, Charleston,to dismiss part of the charges against him in the case of vonRosenberg v. Lawrence:  "Defendant the Right Reverend Mark J. Lawrence's Motion to Dismiss Count II of the Plaintiff Bishops' Second Amended Complaint for Lack of Standing Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1)." Lawrence also filed an explanation of the motion: "Memorandum in Support of Defendant the Right Reverend Mark J. Lawrence's Motion to Dismiss Count II of the Plaintiff Bishops' Second Amended Complaint for Lack of Standing Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(B)(1), (See March 6, March 7).

February 27 --- SCOTUS requested a response from TEC/TECSC concerning DSC's Feb. 9 petititon. Date for response set at March 29, 2018.

March --- Samuel J. Richards reviewed A History of the Episcopal Church Schism in South Carolina in Anglican and Episcopal History, Vol. 87, No. 1 (March 2018) pp. 83-85. 

March 1 --- TEC and TECSC filed seven papers in the U.S. District Court, Charleston, in the case of vonRosenberg v. Lawrence:

  (1) - "Motion to Intervene and Join Parties and Claims by the Episcopal Church in South Carolina." This requests addition to the case of the Corporation of the Trustees, of the Diocese of South Carolina, and the parishes of the DSC.

   (2) - "Bishops vonRosenberg's and Adams' Motion to Amend their Complaint and Join Parties and Claims." 

  (3) - "Motion of the Episcopal Church to Amend Its Amended Complaint-in-Intervention to Join Parties and Claims."

  (4) - "(Proposed) Second Amended Complaint-in-Intervention." This essentially asks the court to enact the TEC/TECSC control over the 28 parishes involved in the state supreme court decision of Aug. 2, 2017.

  (5) - "[Proposed] Third Amended Complaint by Bishop vonRosenberg Bishop Adams & Intervenor the Episcopal Church in South Carolina (the "Associated Diocese")." This essentially asks for TEC/TECSC to regain possession of the corporation of the Trustees, of DSC, and the 28 parishes in question.

  (6) - "Memorandum in Support of Bishops vonRosenberg and Adams' and the Episcopal Church in South Carolina's Respective Motions to Intervene, to Join Parties and Claims to Amend Complaint."

  (7) - "Memorandum in Support of the Episcopal Church's Motion to Amend its Amended Complaint-in-Intervention to Join Parties and Claims."

March 6 --- TECSC filed in the U.S. District Court, Charleston, a response to Lawrence's Motion to Dismiss of Feb. 20: "Bishops vonRosenberg and Adams' Response to Bishop Lawrence's Motion to Dismiss." (See Feb. 20).

March 7 --- U.S. District Court, Charleston, judge Richard Gergel issued "Order" denying Lawrence's Feb. 20 Motion to Dismiss part of the lawsuit against him. (See Feb. 20, March 6).

March 23 --- TEC/TECSC requested of SCOTUS time extension for response to April 30, 2018. (see Feb. 27.) They also announced that friends of DSC would be filing "amici curiae" briefs in support of DSC's petition of Feb. 9.

March 23 --- DSC filed "Motion for Clarification of Jurisdiction and for Other Relief" with the circuit court of Dorchester County. This asked the court to clarify how the issues resulting from the SC supreme court decision of Aug. 2, 2017 would be addressed.

March 27 --- SCOTUS granted TEC/TECSC's request of Mar. 23. New deadline for all respondents is April 30, 2018.

March 29 --- Two Amici Curiae briefs filed in favor of DSC: 1-"Brief for Professors Randy Beck, Ashutosh Bragwat, Samuel Bray, Nathan Chapman, Robert Cochran, Richard Epstein, Marci Hamilton, John Inazu, Michael McConnell, John Nagle, Michael Paulsen, Lawrence Sager, Chaim Saiman, James Stern, Anna Su, Nelson Tebbe, Eugene Volokh, and Robin Fretwell Wilson as Amici Curiae in Support of Certiorari."
2-"Brief of the Falls Church Anglican and the American Anglican Council as Amici Curiae in Support of Petitioners."

April 5 --- Texas Second Court of Appeals found in favor of the TEC diocese (see Apr. 19, 2016; July 24, 2015) and ordered the case remanded to the lower court for new judgment. (Bp. Iker announced he would appeal directly to the TX supreme court.)

April 6 --- Dr. Jeremy Morris, of Cambridge University, reviewed A History of the Episcopal Church Schism in South Carolina in Church Times.

April 16 --- Judge Richard Gergel, of the U.S. District Court, in Charleston, issued "Order and Opinion" granting TEC/TECSC right to press claims against DSC, its parishes and its Trustees but denied their request for trust enforcement. He suggested they press their property claims in the circuit court.

April 25 --- Lawyers for TEC requested of the U.S. Supreme Court time extension for filing response to DSC (Feb. 9). Court granted extension to May 7, 2018.

May 7 --- Lawyers for TEC and TECSC filed "Brief for Respondents in Opposition" with the U.S. Supreme Court. This was in response to DSC's petition of Feb. 9 and DSC's Amici curiae briefs of March 29.

May 8 --- Lawyers for TEC and TECSC filed "Defendants' Petition for Execution and Further Relief on Declaratory Judgments of the South Carolina Supreme Court and for the Appointment of a Special Master," in the Circuit Court, Dorchester County.

May 9 --- Lawyer for TECSC filed "Third Amended Complaint by Bishop vonRosenberg Bishop Adams & Intervenor The Episcopal Church in South Carolina (the "Associated Diocese")," in the U.S. District Court, in Charleston.

May 14 --- The circuit court of Dorchester County scheduled a hearing on TEC/TECSC's motion to dismiss of Dec. 15, 2017, and DSC's motion to establish complex case of Dec. 27, 2017. The hearing was set for May 30, 2018 at 2:00 p.m. (see May 22).

May 15 --- Lawyers for DSC filed "Reply Brief for Petitioners," in the U.S. Supreme Court. (See May 7).

May 16 --- TEC/TECSC filed, in the circuit court of Dorchester County, "Defendants' Amended Petition for Execution and Further Relief on Declaratory Judgments of the South Carolina Supreme Court and for the Appointment of a Special Master." (See May 8).

May 22 --- The U.S. Supreme Court set June 7 as the date for the conference of justices to consider DSC's petition for cert.

May 22 --- The circuit court of Dorchester County accepted a motion from DSC, supported by TEC/TECSC, to postpone the scheduled hearing of May 30 (see May 14). The court will decide a new date for a hearing.

June 7 --- The justices of the U.S. Supreme Court met in conference and denied DSC's writ of certiorari (see Feb. 9). The decision was publicly announced on June 11.

June 11 --- U.S. Supreme Court released announcement of denial of DSC's petition for review. (See June 7). This left the SCSC decision of Aug. 2, 2017, as the law.

June 12 --- TECSC lay leadership met at Grace Church Cathedral, in Charleston, to hear discuss policies and procedures with the diocesan authorities.

June 14 --- DSC held clergy conference at St. Paul's, Summerville.

June 15 --- TECSC announced the appointment of the Rev. William Coyne as the Missioner for Returning Congregations. He is to facilitate the reintegration of the 29 parishes into the Church diocese pursuant to the SCSC decision of Aug. 2, 2017.

June 17-22 --- GAFCON III met in Jerusalem and issued "Letter to the Churches" demanding a radical reformation of the Anglican Communion. It called for GAFCON boycott of the 2020 Lambeth conference unless the Archbishop of Canterbury excludes the Episcopal Church and certain other branches of the Anglican Communion and replaces them with non-AC GAFCON affiliates. Continued denunciation of human rights for homosexuals.

June 28 --- TECSC announced three gatherings for reconciliation on July 16, 17, 18 in Conway, Charleston, and Bluffton.

July 11 --- TECSC filed "Petititon for an Accounting" with the circuit court asking for the court to appoint an accounting firm to search and list the assets of the Diocese of South Carolina after January 1, 2008.

July 16-18 --- TECSC held three reconciliation "conversations," in Conway, Charleston and Bluffton.

July 26 --- Judge Edgar Dickson held a status conferences with the lawyers on both sides and asked them to submit lists of issues they wish him to consider. 

July 27 --- The breakaway diocese of Fort Worth filed "Petition for Review" with the Texas Supreme Court (see April 5, 2018).

July 31-August 9 --- Bishop Mark Lawrence makes presentations in Sumter, Walterboro, Charleston, Myrtle Beach, and James Island.

August 2 --- The two sets of lawyers submitted their lists to Judge Dickson for consideration (see July 26, 2018).

September 4 --- Judge Dickson, of the circuit court, announced a timeline for proceeding in September and October with the goal of a hearing in late October.

September 24 --- TEC/TECSC and DSC filed briefs with Judge Edgar Dickson, of the circuit court, as per request of the judge (see Sept. 4).

1. "Defendants' Memorandum of Law in Support of their Amended Petition for Execution and Further Relief on Declaratory Judgments of the South Carolina Supreme Court and for the Appointment of a Special Master."

2. "Defendants' Memorandum of Law in Support of their Petition for an Accounting."

3. "Memorandum of Law in Support of Defendants' Motion to Dismiss Plaintiffs' Complaint under the Betterment Act."

1. "Memorandum in Support of Motion for Clarification and for Other Relief."

2. "Supplement to Motion for Clarification of Jurisdiction and for Other Relief."

3. "Memorandum in Support of Motion to Establish Complex Case Designation."

October 5 --- TEC/TECSC and DSC filed responses to the September 24 briefs with Judge Edgar Dickson, of the circuit court, as per request of the judge. (see Sept. 24).

1. "Plaintiffs' Response in Opposition to Defendants' Memorandum in Support of Petition and Execution."

2. "Plaintiffs' Response in Opposition to Defendants' Memorandum of Law in Support of the Petition for an Accounting."

3. "Response in Opposition to Motion to Dismiss."

TEC/TECSC (Oct. 5, 8):

1. "Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for Clarification and Further Relief."

2. "Defendants Brief in Opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for Complex Case Designation."

October 12 --- TEC/TECSC and DSC filed replies to the Oct. 5 responses with Judge Edgar Dickson, of the circuit court, as per request of the judge. (see Oct. 5).

DSC: "Plaintiffs' Reply top Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff's Motion for Clarification and Further Relief."

TEC/TECSC: "Defendants' Omnibus Reply Brief to Plaintiffs' Opposition Briefs to Defendants' Petititon for Enforcement, Petition for an Accounting, and Motion to Dismiss Betterment Action."

November 16-17 --- Annual meeting of the Episcopal Church in South Carolina, at the Church of the Holy Communion, Charleston.

November 18 --- the Rev. Andrew O'Dell called on the congregation of St. Philip's Episcopal Church, Charleston, to break their bonds of affection for their church building and prayed to God to destroy the edifice rather than let it fall into the hands of "false teachers." St. Philip's started in 1680; its present building dates from 1838. 

November 19 --- Judge Edgar Dickson, of the circuit court, held a hearing on DSC's motion for clarification, essentially asking the circuit court to disregard the SCSC decision of Aug. 2, 2017, and rule on the issue of the properties anew. The hearing was in the Orangeburg county courthouse, in Orangeburg, SC. The judge listened to the arguments of the lawyers on the two sides and said he would rule on the motion in time. He set aside the other five motions/petitions for the time being.

December 7 --- Lawyers for TECSC filed "Memorandum of Law in Support of Bishop vonRosenberg, Bishop Adams, and the Episcopal Church in South Carolina's Motion for Summary Judgment," in the U.S. District Court. Lawyers for TEC filed "Plaintiff-in-Intervention the Episcopal Church's Memorandum in Support of Motion for Summary Judgment," in the same court.
--- Lawyers for DSC files 38 motions in the U.S. District Court. Both TEC/TECSC and DSC asked Judge Gergel for summary judgment in their favor. 


January 8 --- Judge Dickson, of the circuit court, sent an email to the two sets of lawyers asking for the agreements among the SCSC justices and how these agreements support the lawyers' claims.

January 11 --- Lawyers for TECSC filed with Judge Richard Gergel, of the U.S. District Court, Charleston, 1-"Opposition of Plaintiffs and Plaintiff-in-Intervention to the Lawrence Parishes' Motions for Summary Judgment,"   2-"Plaintiffs Bishop vonRosenberg, Bishop Adams, and the Episcopal Church in South Carolina's Memorandum of Law in Opposition to Defendants' Second Motion for Summary Judgment (DKT. 603)." These were in response to DSC's motions of Dec. 7, 2018.

January 14 --- Judge Dickson, of the circuit court, sent an email to the two sets of lawyers asking for documents on how the local churches voted on the Dennis Canon.

March 19 --- Judge Dickson, of the circuit court, set a hearing on DSC's Betterments suit, on March 27.

March 20 --- Lawyers for TEC/TECSC filed "Petititon for Writ of Mandamus" with the South Carolina Supreme Court asking the court to order Judge Dickson to implement the SCSC decision of Aug. 2, 2017.

March 26 --- Judge Dickson, of the circuit court, cancelled the scheduled hearing of March 27.

April 11 --- DSC filed "Intervenors' Return to Petition for Writ of Mandamus" with the SCSC in response to TEC/TECSC's March 20 petition.

April 17 --- TEC/TECSC lawyers filed "Petitioners' Reply to Intervenors' Return," with the SCSC in response to DSC's "Intervenors' Return..." of April 11.

May 23 --- TECSC Standing Committee resolved to find a new full-time provisional bishop and a new full-time diocesan bishop. Bp Adams is expected to leave his post as part-time provisional bishop by the end of 2019.

June 11 --- TECSC lawyers filed a "Complaint" in the U.S. District Court, in Charleston, against the Church Insurance Company of Vermont claiming the company wrongfully aided breakaway entities in SC. The Complaint seeks damages and asks for a jury trial.

June 14 --- The Church Insurance Company of Vermont filed "Complaint (Declaratory Judgment) (non-Jury)" in the U.S. District Court, in Charleston naming seventeen parishes presently occupied by DSC and TECSC. It asks for a declaratory judgment on the rights and duties of CIC-VT in regards to the defendants (17 parishes and TECSC).

June 28 --- The South Carolina Supreme Court denied TECSC's petition for a Writ of Mandamus (see March 20).

July 2 --- Judge Edgar Dickson, of the circuit court, scheduled a hearing on the Betterments suit, on July 23 at the Calhoun County courthouse, St. Matthews SC (see Nov. 19, 2017).

July 18 --- TECSC filed in the U.S. District Court, in Charleston, the following (see June 14):     "TECSC's Memorandum of Law in Support of and in Opposition to the Following:  (1)TECSC's Motion to Dismiss CIC-VT's Counterclaim and Third-Party Complaint in Case N. 2:19-CV-01672-RMG [July 6, 2019];  (2) TECSC's Motion to Dismiss CIC-VT's Complaint in Case No. 2:19-CV-01713-RMG [July 6, 2019];  (3) CIC-VT's Motion for Joinder in Case No. 2:19-CV-01672-RMG [July 6, 2019];  (4) CIC-VT's Motion for Consolidation in Case No. 2:19-CV-01672-RMG [July 6, 2019];  (5) CIC-VT's Motion for Consolidation in Case No. 2:19-CV-01713-RMG [July 5, 2019]" In this, TECSC asked the court to dismiss all of CIC-VT's various court petitions.

July 23 --- Judge Edgar Dickson held a hearing on DSC's "Betterments" lawsuit, in the Calhoun County courthouse, St. Matthews SC. Dickson implemented the first of the three majority rulings of the SCSC Aug. 2, 2017 decision. After hearing arguments from both sides, he set the Betterments suit aside and asked the two parties to go to mediation of all of the six petitions before him.

August 28 --- Judge Dickson informed the two sets of lawyers that he would deny TECSC's motion for dismissal of DSC's Betterments suit. (see Sept. 9)

September 9 --- Judge Dickson issued "Order Denying Defendants' Motion to Dismiss Second Amended Complaint" denying TEC/TECSC's motion to dismiss DSC's Betterments suit.

September 11 --- TECSC filed "Answer of the Episcopal Church in South Carolina" to DSC's "Amended Complaint" (Betterments suit) of Nov. 20, 2019. (see Nov. 20, 2017)

September 13 --- DSC newsletter announced DSC priest, the Rev. David Barr, to become Associate Rector of St. George's Episcopal Church, in the Episcopal Diocese of Tennessee, on Oct. 1, 2019.

September 19 --- Judge Richard Gergel, of the U.S. District Court, in Charleston issued three orders in the case of vonRosenberg v. Lawrence. (See Mar. 5, 2013)
(1) Order and Opinion, 73 p. Concerning diocese. Declared the Episcopal Church diocese as the heir of the historic diocese and permanently banned the breakaway group using the names and insignia of the Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina.
(2) Order and Opinion, 18 p. Concerning parishes. Allowed the breakaway parishes to retain their names but banned parish officials from using the names and insignia of the Episcopal Diocese of SC.
(3) Order and Opinion, 27 p. Concerning expert witnesses. Excluded three from breakaway side and one from Church side.

By judges's order, the diocese formerly known as the Episcopal Church in South Carolina is now the Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina and the Diocese of South Carolina. The group that formerly called itself the Diocese of South Carolina will have to adopt a new name.
(From here on, the Episcopal Church diocese will be EDSC and breakaway diocese will be referred to as ADSC.)

September 19 --- TEC and its diocese filed "Notice of Motion and Motion for Reconsideration," with circuit court judge Edgar Dickson. This asked Dickson to reconsider his denial (see Sept. 9) and to dismiss the Betterments suit.

September 20 --- Breakaway Standing Committee adopted new name, "Anglican Diocese of South Carolina." Internet website and Facebook pages changed to remove Episcopal Church titles and insignia.

September 26 --- Mediation session conducted by attorney Thomas Wills, in Charleston. After day-long talks between the two sets of lawyers, Wills declared an Impasse. The matter now returns to the circuit court judge, Edgar Dickson, who had ordered the mediation.

October 4 --- Thomas Tisdale, chancellor of EDSC, sent a letter to circuit court Judge Edgar Dickson requesting a hearing on the implementation of the SCSC decision.

October 7 --- ADSC filed "Notice of Appeal" with Fourth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals, in Richmond, to appeal Judge Gergel's Order of 19 September. Also filed on Oct. 18, 2019.

October 21 --- Thomas Tisdale, chancellor of EDSC, sent a second letter (see Oct. 4) to Judge Edgar Dickson requesting a hearing on the implementation of the SCSC decision.

October 28 --- Judge Edgar Dickson notified the two sets of lawyers he would hold a hearing on 26 November 2019, 10:00 a.m. in the Orangeburg County Courthouse.

November 11 --- Episcopal Diocese of SC and TEC filed "Petition to Enforce the Injunction" with the U.S. District Court, in Charleston, asking the court to stop the breakaway group from claiming to be the historic diocese (see Dec. 18).

November 18 --- U.S. District Judge Gergel issued "Order and Opinion" in the Church Insurance Company case. He dismissed CIC-VT's counterclaim and third party complaint and called for TECSC to file a brief within 10 days explaining its claims against CIC-VT.

November 20 --- ADSC lawyers filed "Defendants' Response to Plaintiffs' Petition to Enforce the Injunction" (see Nov. 11) with Judge Gergel.

November 25 --- EDSC lawyers file "Reply to Response to Petition to Enforce the Injunction" (see Nov. 11, Nov. 20) with Judge Gergel.

November 25 --- ADSC lawyers filed "Motion to Stay Pending Appeal" with Judge Gergel. (see Dec. 6, 18).

November 25 --- Church lawyers Thomas Tisdale and Mary Kostel sent a letter to Judge Dickson summarizing the whole case before the judge.

November 26 --- Judge Dickson held a third hearing, in the Orangeburg courthouse. He said he would ask the state supreme court for clarification of its Aug. 2, 2017 decision and invited the lawyers to contribute to it.

December 6 --- EDSC lawyers filed "Plaintiffs' Opposition to Defendants' Motion to Stay Pending Appeal" with Judge Gergel (see Nov. 25, Dec. 18).

December 18 --- U.S. District Court Judge Richard Gergel issued "Order and Opinion" denying a stay (see Nov. 25, Dec. 6) and granting some parts and denying other parts of EDSC's Nov. 11 petition for enforcement of the injunction.

December 23 --- ADSC filed "Defendants-Appellants' Motion to Stay Injunction and the Stay Case" with the U.S. Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit. This asked the Court to stay Judge Gergel's Injunction (see Sept. 19, Dec. 18) and to stay the case in the appeals court pending the resolution of a case before the U.S. Supreme Court, U.S. Patent & Trademark Office v.

December 23 --- ADSC filed "Order Granting Motion for Clarification" with Judge Edgar Dickson, of the circuit court. In Nov. 26 hearing, Dickson asked the two sides to submit proposed orders on ADSC's Motion for Clarification of Jurisdiction. In this proposal, ADSC is asking Dickson to discard the SCSC decision and declare the parishes to be sole owners of the properties.

EDSC also sumbitted its proposed order to Judge Dickson asking him to deny ADSC's motion on clarification.

December 30 --- EDSC and TEC filed "Appellees' Response in Opposition to Appellants' Motion to Stay Injunction and to Stay Case" with the U.S. Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit (see Dec. 23). This asked the court to deny ADSC's motions for the two stays.

December 31 --- Bishop Skip Adams ended his tenure as provisional bishop of the Diocese of South Carolina.


January 14 --- The U.S. Court of Appeals denied ADSC's motions for stays (see Dec. 23, 30, 2019).

January 15 --- EDSC announced that the Rt. Rev. Henry Parsley, Jr., would be part-time visiting bishop of the diocese.

January 23 --- EDSC Standing Committee announced it would not choose a provisional bishop but would start the search process to find the next diocesan bishop of the Diocese of South Carolina. The last diocesan bishop was removed on Dec. 5, 2012.

February 14 --- Judge Dickson informed the two sets of lawyers he would hold a hearing on 27 February at the Orangeburg courthouse to discuss EDSC's three outstanding motions on implementation of the SCSC decision of Aug. 2, 2017.

February 21 --- EDSC lawyers filed "Petition for a Writ of Prohibition," with the SCSC asking the court to prohibit Judge Dickson from litigating issues settled in the SCSC decision of August 2, 2017. (See Mar. 31, 2020)

February 27 --- Judge Dickson held his fourth hearing. This one discussed EDSC's motions for the implementation of the SCSC decision of Aug. 2, 2107. He issued no decision.

March 12---ADSC postponed its annual meeting that had been scheduled for Mar. 13-14, until further notice because of the COVID-19 pandemic. EDSC issued a directive against shaking hands at church and reminding churchgoers that drinking from the common cup is optional at communion.

March 16 --- In response to the COVID-19 crisis, EDSC and ADSC announced cancellation of in-person church services at least until the end of March. Several parishes will provide electronic transmission of church services.

March 24 --- EDSC announced churches closed for in-person services until 30 April.

March 31 --- The SCSC denied EDSC lawyers' petition for writ of prohibition. (See Feb. 21, 2020)

April 23 --- EDSC standing committee announced hold on the timeline in the search for new diocesan bishop.

April 24 --- EDSC standing committee announced that, owing to the pandemic, churches would remain closed indefinitely.

April 30 --- Lawyers for ADSC filed "Brief of Appellants" with the U.S. Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit asking the court to reverse Judge Gergel's decision of Sept. 19, 2019. (EDSC responding brief due July 1, 2020.)

May 7 --- ADSC issued guidelines for the re-opening of churches.

May 15 --- EDSC issued guidelines fore the re-opening of churches after June 1.

May 22 --- Texas Supreme Court issues decision in favor of the breakaway diocese in the case of Fort Worth.

June 19 --- Circuit Court Judge Dickson issued an "Order" nullifying the SC Supreme Court decision of Aug. 2, 2017, which recognized Episcopal Church ownership of 28 of the 36 parishes in question, as well as Church diocesan ownership of Camp St. Christopher. Dickson refused the Remittitur from the SCSC, and instead contradicted the SCSC finding that the 28 had acceded to the Dennis Canon. Dickson's decision is certain to be appealed to the SC Court of Appeals.

June 29 --- EDSC lawyers filed "Defendants' Motion for Reconsideration and to Alter or Amend," with Circuit Court Judge Edgar Dickson petitioning the judge to reconsider his June 19 Order.

July 2 --- EDSC filed "Appellees' Brief" with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. The ADSC filed its brief on Apr. 30. ADSC has until July 22 to file a response to EDSC's brief.

July 9 --- Bishop Mark Lawrence, of the Anglican Diocese of South Carolina, announces call for a bishop coadjutor.

July 13 --- Judge Dickson issued an "Order" denying EDSC's request for reconsideration (see June 29).

July 13 --- EDSC lawyers filed an appeal ("Notice of Appeal") of Judge Dickson's June 19 Order, overturning the SCSC decision of Aug. 2, 2017, with the circuit court. This was received in the SC Court of Appeals on same day. 

July 13 --- EDSC  lawyers filed "Defendants' Motion to Confirm Stay or, in the Alternative, for Supersedeas" with Judge Dickson of the circuit court. This asked the judge to stay (suspend) his Order of June 19 pending the appeal.

July 15 --- ADSC lawyers filed "Memorandum in Opposition to Defendants' Motion to Confirm Stay or, in the Alternative, for Supersedeas" with Judge Dickson of the circuit court. This asked the court to deny EDSC's July 13 motion for a stay.

July 16 --- EDSC lawyers filed "Defendants' Reply Memorandum Regarding Motion to Confirm Stay or, in the Alternative, for Supersedeas" with Judge Dickson of the circuit court. This argued against ADSC's memorandum of July 15 that opposed a stay.  

July 22 --- ADSC lawyers filed "Supplemental Memorandum in Opposition to Defendants' Motion to Confirm Stay or, the the Alternative, for Supersedeas," with Judge Dickson of the circuit court. (see July 13, 15, 16, 30) 

July 22 --- ADSC lawyers filed "Reply Brief of Appellants," with the U.S. Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit. This was in response to EDSC's brief of July 2.

July 27 --- TEC/TECSC filed "Notice of Appeal" with the South Carolina Supreme Court. This asks the court to accept the appeal of Judge Dickson's Order of 19 June 2020.  

July 30 --- TEC/TECSC filed "Defendants' Reply to Plaintiffs' Supplemental Memorandum in Opposition to Defendants' Motion to Confirm Stay or, in the Alternative, for the Supersedeas," with Judge Dickson of the circuit court. (see July 13, 15, 16, 22)

September 10 --- Church lawyers filed "Second Petition to Enforce the Injunction," with U.S. District Court Judge Richard Gergel citing 27 violations of his Sept. 17, 2019 injunction against the Anglican Diocese of South Carolina and asking the judge to enforce his ruling. The First Petition was on December 18, 2019.



Pending. Response from the South Carolina Court of Appeals to EDSC's appeal of July 13.

Pending. Response of Judge Dickson to EDSC's request, of June 13, for a stay pending the appeal.

Pending. Oral arguments and/or decision of U.S. Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit, on ADSC's appeal of Judge Gergel's ruling of Sept. 19, 2019.

Pending. Response of ADSC lawyers to TEC/TECSC's Second Petition to Enforce the Injunction" of Sept. 10, 2020.

October 3, 2020. Eighth annual meeting of the Anglican Diocese of South Carolina. To be conducted online.

November 20-21, 2020. 230th annual meeting of the Diocese of South Carolina, to be held online. Presiding Bishop Michael Curry will be the featured speaker.

GAFCON bishops' conference, Kigali, Rwanda. (Postponed).

Lambeth Conference, Canterbury. (Postponed until 2022).

June 30-July 9, 2021. General Convention of the Episcopal Church, Baltimore MD.